Psychology
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Between Success and Failure: Assessment of Aspirations and Risk (CD Included)

Author: Roland Paulauskas, Ph.D.
Senior Mental Health Advisor, Corrections System Support Program, Arlington, VA
Siauliai University in Siauliai, Lithuania

Series: Psychology of Emotions, Motivations and Actions

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
n this book, Roland Paulauskas presents the analysis of motivational and behavioral economic theories of the level of aspirations and risk taking behavior. The author proposes a dynamic/multiple reference point decision making model that distinguishes three qualitative phases of the choosing process in the level of aspirations situations. Contrary to some of the behavioral economic theories, he suggests that decision making strategy in most cases is determined by the leverage of rationality and emotionality during the appraisal phase of the decision making process. Predominance of cognitive mechanisms determines whether the chooser will utilize heuristic or risk aversive strategies, whereas prevalence of emotional reactions tends to sway the decision maker towards inconsistent or risk seeking approaches. To support his hypothesis, Paulauskas developed and utilized a computerized test entitled the Standardized Assessment of the Level of Aspirations. CD with the test is included in the publication.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-357-8
ISBN: 978-1-53613-358-5

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Smoke and Mirrors: Acknowledgement, Alienation, Antisocial Behaviour and Transformation

Author: Sandra M. Hoffman, Ph.D.
Self-employed, Private Practitioner, Cape Town

Series: Psychology Research Progress

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
Antisocial behaviour terrifies most, if not all human beings. This fear leads to various, previously learned ways of trying to defend against it. It often leads to disrespect in relationships and wars between countries. On a professional level, it has given rise to resources such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual to prevent this behaviour. This book uses case studies, client narratives and socio-political examples to show these different forms of defence are often, ironically also the fuel of growing antisocial and prosocial behaviour.

Seeing antisocial behaviour as a resource for learning new skills of defence (instead of justification for disrespect), and using it transformatively, could result in different consequences, based on interpersonal, national and international growth. Prevention and transformation of antisocial behaviour depends crucially on our commitment to look critically at ourselves and the work people do so that society can develop a sense of agency.

In this book, the author uses examples from a developing country, South Africa (and as it has learned from other countries, particularly the United States), as a microcosm. Its mission over the past twenty-two years has been to transform from a country ravaged by disrespect to one of mutual respect. It has largely failed, not due to lack of intention, but because of not knowing how legacies from the past are persistent in the identity of the country as they are in the identities of people as individuals and in their relationships. Nonetheless, there are instances where lessons from the past have been used to transform the present.

This broad analysis of antisocial behaviour in South Africa can be of particular interest not only in this country, but also to other countries plagued by growing levels of crime and violence.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53610-606-0
ISBN: 978-1-53613-420-9
ISBN: 978-1-53610-613-8

Price: $195.00
Price: $89.00
Price: $195.00


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Living Well: Doing the Right Thing for Body, Mind, Spirit, and Communities

Author: Thomas G. Plante, Ph.D.
Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, CA, US

Series: Ethical Issues in the 21st Century

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
We live in a challenging and often topsy-turvy world. Research on stress suggests that we have never been more challenged by anxiety, depression, and stress, and that it often feels for many that we, as a community, people, and society, have simply lost our way. Technological advances and other changes in families, communities, and society can unfold at head spinning speed. Stress and dysregulation now seem to be the norm. The world of today is not the world we recognize from not too long ago.

In Living Well: Doing the Right Thing for Body, Mind, Spirit, and Communities, Thomas G. Plante, PhD, ABPP, a practicing clinical psychologist as well as a professor of psychology at Santa Clara University and a clinical professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Stanford University Medical School, offers a series of brief, thoughtful, evidence based, and research supported strategies to manage the challenges of life today. He begins with the important role of ethics in organizing and centering our lives, and then applies commonly embraced ethical principles to personal and spiritual well-being, health and fitness, intimate and other important relationships, parenting, and education. He takes a whole person approach to discuss how ethical decision making and important principles for living can be applied to body, mind, soul, and communities to maximize a better life for all.

Living Well emerged from the writings of Dr. Plante in Psychology Today magazine in a very popular blog called Do the Right Thing: Spirit, Science, and Health. This book is based on these posts.

A happier and more fulfilled life can be found by following fairly simple and time tested principles for living offered in Living Well.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-691-3
ISBN: 978-1-53613-692-0

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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The New Science of Curiosity

Author: Goren Gordon
Curiosity Lab, Department of Industrial Engineering, Tel-Aviv University, Israel

Series: Psychology of Emotions, Motivations and Actions

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
Curiosity is the foundation of childhood development and continues on into adulthood; it is the cornerstone of scientific discovery, art and play. In the past, the study of curiosity has been mainly restricted to the field of psychology. Recently, a new science of curiosity has emerged that is multidisciplinary, applicative, and transformative. In this book, some of the leading researchers of this emerging field give a comprehensive background description, explain in detail the state-of-the-art advances, and raise future-looking insights into curiosity. The book includes accounts of new neuroscientific research of curiosity, computational models of infant-like robots, thought-provoking insights into knowledge and wisdom, and curious social robots that play with curious children.

Furthermore, applications of The New Science of Curiosity in art and game-design highlight the importance of these new approaches to fields outside science. The New Science of Curiosity also has a great impact on our day-to-day lives, described in the book regarding the medical profession and the educational system.

The New Science of Curiosity holds great promise for a better, deeper, and more comprehensive understanding of this elusive, yet crucial, aspect of human cognition. Only a multi-disciplinary diverse approach, as presented in this book, holds the key to unlocking the mysteries of exploration, seeking and investigative experiences of our grandiose dreams and daily lives

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-800-9
ISBN: 978-1-53613-801-6

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00


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Human Development: Equipping Minds with Cognitive Development

Authors: Carol T. Brown, Ed.D and Joav Merrick, M.D. (Medical Director, Health Services, Division for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Services, Jerusalem, Israel)

Series: Disability Studies

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
Research studies have examined the relationship between working memory, cognitive skills, and academic abilities. However, while some studies and scientific articles have demonstrated that working memory can be increased through direct intervention in either the clinical or classroom setting, other studies have failed to show any further transfer. These conflicting results are a key concern, as they suggest that generalization effects are elusive and inconclusive. Some research has utilized computer software programs to enhance cognitive skills with a focus on working memory training; however, an alternative approach on working memory is the use of a human mediator. In this book, we present results that demonstrate the idea that working memory training does not seem to have a causative effect in relation to verbal, nonverbal, and academic abilities when using The Equipping Minds Cognitive Development Curriculum for 30 hours of intervention. It removes this limitation for learners with a specific learning disorder. This finding adds to the importance of emphasizing deficient cognitive functions rather than deficient working memory alone.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-053-9
ISBN: 978-1-53613-054-6

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Mindfulness at Work: The Practice and Science of Mindfulness for Leaders, Coaches and Facilitators

Authors: Jonathan Passmore
Director, Henley Centre for Coaching Henley Business School

Samantha Amit
CEO, Center for Development and Leadership

Series: Perspectives on Cognitive Psychology

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
Mindfulness is an ineffable practice where we are taken on a mind-body journey of discovery into our inner world. Mindfulness helps us to be curious again, to bring conscious intent into our lives, to be wiser and more compassionate, and to make new choices in the moment rather than repeat our same mistakes. It helps us be better human beings rather than “human doings”. The authors have adopted a strongly experiential perspective to provide readers with the evidence from over four decades of scientific research along with the experiences of our clients and others on how mindfulness is being translated from the world of mental health and wellbeing to the world of work. We hope that this combination of practice and science will help you to think about how you as a leader, a coach, or facilitator can integrate mindfulness approaches into your work and home life.

By definition, mindfulness is simply to be present in the moment. You don’t have to do anything. You don’t have to be anywhere; you simply must notice your experience in the moment. It is evident that for most of us, our minds wander for as much of 47% of the time. In order to maintain this moment by moment awareness and not resort to acting on automatic pilot, it requires us to train our brains, somewhat like going to the gym. The authors offer a multitude of different everyday exercises and meditations for the reader to experiment with, and they encourage readers to find a daily practice that works for them. With personal inquiry, you can reflect and gain insight, learning to master emotions and responses so that less reactivity is experienced and more meaning in everything is fundamentally attained.

Mindfulness at work is about being an active participant in your own life and the life of others around you. In general, people focus on what they can influence and how they respond to what happens by simply bringing non-judgmental, open awareness to our experience right here and now. The importance of how people focus their attention can make a monumental difference to how they feel, their quality of productivity, and their working and personal relationships. Conversely, not paying attention can be costly and detrimental to the quality of work as well as to the relationships that are vital for success at work and in our personal lives.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-981-5
ISBN: 978-1-53613-981-5
ISBN: 978-1-53612-133-9

Price: $195.00
Price: $79.00
Price: $195.00


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Empirical Studies of Contemplative Practices

Authors: Diane Grimes, Ph.D.
Department of Communication and Rhetorical Studies, Syracuse, NY

Qiu Wang, Ph.D.
Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY

Hong Lin, Ph.D.
University of Houston-Downtown, Houston, Texas

Series: Health Psychology Research Focus

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
This book is a first attempt to associate the interpretation of contemplative approaches to scientific studies. Drawing on expertise from a range of disciplines, including psychology, applied statistics, health sciences, neuroscience, communication, computer science, and information technology, we examine the critical processes of contemplative approaches and aim to guide the scientific research of contemplative practices. The book includes pedagogical and experimental aspects of studies such as research design, measurement, program assessment, statistical modeling, data mining, technology integration, and evaluation.

It aims to serve as a forum to inspire empirical studies of contemplative practices that address the complexity and variety of such practice in a thoughtful way. It includes compiled interpretation of bodily manifestations of contemplative practices, psychological analysis of contemplative practices, and systematic studies of the effect of contemplative practices through data analysis. Together, the chapters of this book offer first steps along a path to deeper understanding of contemplative practices.

Empirical Studies of Contemplative Practices can serve as a reference book to scholars, researchers, and graduate students across fields of natural and social science. Specifically, this book may be of interest in scholarly arenas such as life sciences, psychology, communication, healthcare, education, and data science. We also hope to draw attention from meditation practitioners as well as those who are interested in religious and philosophical studies.

We hope that the systematic study of contemplative approaches can make an impact on the larger population in their daily lives.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-081-1
ISBN: 978-1-53614-082-8

Price: $145.00
Price: $145.00


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Panic Disorder: Assessment, Management and Research Insights

Editor: Yong-Ku Kim (Department of Psychiatry, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Gojan-Dong, Danwon-Gu, Kyunggido, Republic of Korea)

Series: Psychology Research Progress

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
Although panic disorder may mimic medical conditions, patients with medical conditions that seem to pose a real life threat may be diagnosed when panic attacks, which are not well explained by any existing disease, repeatedly appear. After they accept the idea of possessing panic disorder, the most commonly asked question by patients is what has caused this condition. For the author, with more than 20 years of clinical experience, it is not easy to satisfy patients with simple answers. An exemplary explanation may be that the combination of heredity, environment, genetic-environmental interactions, neurotransmitters, the HPA axis, and any forms of stress affects the onset of panic disorder. Genetic susceptibility obviously affects panic disorder, but does not account for up to 30-40% of occurrences. Stressful life events often precede the onset and seem to increase the risk of panic disorder development, but not in all cases.
In fact, the cause of panic disorder is still unknown. However, step-by-step approaches toward understanding the causes and developing new treatments for panic disorder through research on the epidemiological studies, genetics, epigenetic studies, neuroimaging studies, and studies dissecting neural circuits for regulating normal fear and anxiety are being put into effect. The latest advances in therapy for treatment-resistant patients who do not respond well to therapy have been addressed in this book.
This book is the result of a worldwide collaboration of experts who are outstanding in the research of panic disorder. The author hopes that this book will give patients, clinicians, and clinical researchers the latest insights into panic disorder.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-001-0
ISBN: 978-1-53613-002-7

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Advances in Psychology Research. Volume 133

Editor: Alexandra M. Columbus

Series: Advances in Psychology Research

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
In Advances in Psychology Research. Volume 133, the authors argue potential benefits of information incompleteness as stimuli, made possible by autonomous reduction, for designers’ creative imagination. This paper reports on a study conducted using a French Rococo clock made in eighteenth century as a prompt. In a subsequent paper, human emotion factors were assessed for a sample of 291 Yoruba-speaking students with a questionnaire administered in Ibadan metropolis. Next, several previously research studies regarding the reasons why people commit fraud are examined in order to summarize what research has discovered about the motivations of fraud perpetrators. The authors suggest that the reason is not as simple as greed.

This book includes a paper which investigates the effect of Fear of Negative Evaluation on oral performance among third year students of English specialised in Language Science and didactics at Bejaia University. To draw their conclusions, the authors used a mixed-method approach based on both quantitative and qualitative research methods. This compilation also discusses Article 12 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. Article 12 makes explicit reference to children’s right to say what they think about matters relating to the quality of their lives and to have these opinions taken into account in accordance with their levels of competence and maturity. Detailed recommendations for effective culturally relevant policy initiatives and optimal strategies are offered. Going in a different direction, the following chapter discusses how the composition of gut microbiota is dependent upon many factors, including the method of birth delivery, maternal and neonate antibiotic use, diet, genetics, infection, postnatal stress and maternal care, and formula feeding in place of breast-feeding.

The authors suggest that targeting the gut microbiota composition as a form of treatment for psychiatric disorders may be the next step in mental health care. After this, a chapter is included which is focused on the relationship between internal auditing, psychology and fraud, which is shown to be an almost empty research and practice field. Therefore, the general role of internal auditing within the corporate governance (in particular, anti-fraud control) and the present level of psychological knowledge among internal auditors are discussed. Recommendations to further strengthen the effectiveness of internal auditing will be given. The final chapter suggests that the behaviour of parents, consciously or unconsciously, can influence their child’s expectations, perceptions about their abilities, performance, and duration of participation in sports. Parents can also influence the satisfaction that a child can gain from a particular sport activity.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-270-0
ISBN: 978-1-53613-271-7

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Self-Fragmentation and Self-Integration in People with Schizophrenia. Volume II: Interpretation and Recovery of Positive and Negative Symptoms

Editor: Kam-shing Yip
Professor, Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Series: Mental Illnesses and Treatments

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
Apart from the biochemical and genetic models, there are many psychosocial theories including psychodynamic, cognitive behavioral, phenomenological, existential, biochemical as well as social construction perspectives in explaining the cause and recovery of schizophrenia. However, in professional intervention and services, all these psychosocial theories are undermined. In Volume I, the book serves to bridge this theoretical gap by a profound revisit of different perspectives and concepts in self-fragmentation and self-integration of persons with schizophrenia.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-323-3
ISBN: 978-1-53613-324-0

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Understanding Suicide: Perspectives, Risk Factors and Gender Differences

Editor: Patti Terry and Ron Price

Series: Psychology Research Progress

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
Understanding Suicide: Perspectives, Risk Factors and Gender Differences opens with an examination of suicidality as a complex issue. Suicides may be prevented by addressing the mode of reporting in the media, by restricting access to means of suicide, and training health workers and primary care physicians to identify people at risk, assess and manage respective crises, and provide adequate follow-up care. This book discusses the rates of suicidal behavior in inmates, risk factors, and provides a review on how these aspects may differ by offender type (female, juvenile, violent, and sex offenders). An assessment of reasons for living is provided with the hope that it may bolster long-term risk evaluation and may contribute to the clinical tools available to therapists working with high-risk clients. Nurturing clients’ reasons for living may aid in stopping passive suicidal ideation. A study that used data from 2,386 7th through 12th grades who completed Wave I of Add Health is exhibited, suggesting that “sex, grade point average, self-esteem, depression, optimism, sense of school belongingness, and closeness to both mothers and fathers” effected students’ propensity for experiencing bullying and suicidality. As youth suicide is a significant public health problem that requires urgent attention, the concluding chapter describes emerging ideation-to-action models and their implications for school-based youth suicide prevention.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-390-5
ISBN: 978-1-53613-391-2

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Advances in Psychobiology

Editor: Francesco Chiappelli, Ph.D.
Division of Oral Biology and Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles School of Dentistry Department of the Health Sciences, California State University, Northridge, CA, US

Series: Health Psychology Research Focus

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
Broadly defined psychobiology is a wide field of scientific endeavor, which bridges the artificial divide imposed by the Cartesian philosophy of things of the mind and things of the body. Starting in the early decades of the 20th century, mind-body research developed new avenues of understanding in Western science. It became increasingly clear that processes attributed to the psyche, including emotions, cognitions, memories, and personalities, had important effects upon physiological events, could disrupt homeostasis, determined and controlled allostasis, and arose, in fact, from biological phenomena driven by cell biology, biochemistry, genomics and, in a larger sense, interactomics. In brief, psychobiology reunited, at last, the sciences of psychology and physiology.
Current advanced research in psychobiology proffers a new perspective on human and animal behavior, with cognitions, emotions, and traits describing the interaction between biological systems and behavior. Today, novel frontiers in psychobiology research encompass how cognition (what we are thinking) and mood (how we are feeling) combine with, determine and are engendered by biological events.
The superb chapters that compose this book are written by the premier internationally and most renowned psychobiologists in the world at this time. They examine several of the most important domains of psychobiology research today: from a novel conceptualization of stress in the context of the person-environment fit model, to the modulation of immune surveillance by perceived stress, the alterations of cognition by pharmaceutical use and over-use, as well as from athletic training or ionization poisoning to, ultimately, the brain-gut interaction. The role of functional MRS in the study of advanced research questions in psychobiology is also discussed in depth.
Taken together, this collection of chapters make this book on advanced psychobiology both timely and critical. Expectations are that future research development in psychobiology, as the field continues to advance, will continue to strive to understand how psychological and biological connections shape the human experience. Psychobiology will increasingly provide a uniquely new perspective in psychology on the one hand, and on the other hand, in biology along several of the dimensions proffered in this book.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-480-3
ISBN: 978-1-53613-481-0

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Understanding Impulsive Behavior: Assessment, Influences and Gender Differences

Editor: Christian Braddon

Series: Psychology of Emotions, Motivations and Actions

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
In this compilation, the authors begin by describing the main impulsive behavior assessment instruments in animals and humans. The following databases were searched from 2005 to 2017: MEDLINE, PsycINFO and BVS/Bireme. The search retrieved four questionnaires and eight tasks for humans, as well as six tasks for animals. This discussion, together with the analysis of instruments applied in human and non-human animals, is the greatest contribution to the field, since there is a lack of literature about the subject. In addition, this chapter discusses the importance of validating such instruments for each population.

In the following chapter, the authors propose a developmental theory of persistence in problematic alcohol consumption that emanates from impulsigenic personality traits that differentially predispose individuals to drink when highly emotional. These patterns of behavior are reinforced over time and gradually shift from impulsive to compulsive, first to escape negative emotions, then to avoid them completely. For some, more adaptive methods of coping are not adequately developed. These individuals may transition into early adulthood far less equipped to cope with the stress related to this developmental period, and thus continue to drink in ways that are problematic and potentially harmful. The following chapter focuses on adolescence, a period of life wherein individuals pass through several changes, including experiencing new situations and new relationships with peers, parents and superiors. This phase of life is also marked by physical and brain maturation.

The last area to develop in the central nervous system is the prefrontal cortex (PFC), the area also linked to the ability to control impulses. This suggests that adolescents tend to have more impulsive behaviors that can result in risky behaviors such as alcohol and drugs. So, the purpose of this chapter is to discuss impulsivity in adolescence, and clarify issues that may help us to understand topics related to this, such as the difference in impulsive behaviors between genders at this stage of life and what influence socioeconomic status may have on such behaviors. Afterwards, findings relating to emotional impulsiveness (EI) from the author’s work and that of others are reviewed. Early work is first described that identified a neural (brain-wave) signature of EI in personality disordered offenders detained in high security. It was shown that, by categorizing offenders on the basis of this brain-wave measure as a priori high vs. low risk and following them up following their release into the community, it was possible to predict both general and violent re-offending with a modest degree of accuracy.

Continuing, a review is included which summarizes the existing literature on the influence of the dimensions of impulsivity and alcohol use problems among racial/ethnic groups. In particular, the authors focus on how chronic stress may influence the relationship between specific dimensions of impulsivity (e.g., negative and positive urgency) and alcohol use. While much of the existing literature has been conducted in white samples, individuals from minority backgrounds often deal with greater stress and stress specifically related to their identity as minority. The authors go on to investigate the association between impulsive behaviors at age 7 and the development of problem gambling by adulthood. To determine the specificity of any observed association between impulsive behaviors and problem gambling, the chapter also examines the link between respondents’ shy/depressed behaviors in childhood and later problem gambling.

The longitudinal investigation found prospective evidence that impulsive behaviors at age 7 are a specific and significant risk factor for later problem gambling. In the concluding study, a total of 318 psychiatric patients from the outpatient services of two institutions and 184 healthy subjects were recruited. Patients were included if they were > 18 years of age, met DSM-IV criteria for a psychotic, mood- or stress-related disorder and were clinically stable enough according to the treating physician to complete the study assessments. Healthy subjects were screened using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I) and were excluded if any diagnostic criteria was met or if they verbally reported a history of psychiatric disorders. The goal was to determine the impact of demographic variables and substance use in the overt expression of impulsivity in men and women with and without mental disorders.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-815-3
ISBN: 978-1-53613-816-0

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Advances in Psychology Research. Volume 134

Editor: Alexandra M. Columbus

Series: Advances in Psychology Research

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
After many centuries of study, social scientific researchers in many fields, such as those of human emotion, are still at a loss for even definitions of constructs on which to base explicit theories. In this book, human emotion factors were assessed for a sample of 291 Yoruba-speaking students with a questionnaire administered in Ibadan metropolis. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings for uplifting individual happiness, collective identity and sense of connection to others, as well as theoretical implications of these findings for the nature of attitudes, emotions and intergroup relations are explored.

Next, the authors show that heuristics and biases are most likely a heritage from our evolutionary past as they are also detected in non-human primates and observed early in children. The results obtained by running a similar food gambling task with children and individuals of 6 different species of non-human primates are presented, and observed gambling rates were analysed in the different sets of individuals and estimations of different choice theories parameters were run. Risk aversion and loss aversion were detected and measured at various levels in non-human primates and children. The key finding is that cognitive processes in the context of risk are not uniquely human and are based on biologically measurable foundations.

Following this, this book reviews problems that researchers face when trying to establish the aggressiveness of computer gamers who engage with violent content during gameplay. When conducting media comparisons, the comparisons are only valid within “zones of comparability.” Either the level of participants’ interactivity has to be constant across the media type compared, while the media content varies; or the content of specific media should be kept constant, whereas the level of interactivity with the content then varies.
Afterwards, the authors discuss the mushrooming of self-help groups of patients in Germany in the 1970’s. Today, these groups are seen as complementary resources for the health care system, in contrast to their perception at the time. In this chapter, the socio-political background for the integration of self-help into the healthcare system is presented, along with a short history of the research on collaboration in Germany before the concept of self-help friendliness emerged. Additionally research on and practice of the methodical approach of self-help friendliness is presented.

The authors go on to present the results of a systematic review of the recent literature regarding the association between birth order and the development of personality. Whether ordinal position between siblings has a further impact on human lives is a question that has interested the scientific community and the general public for decades. The so-called “birth order theory” was formulated by the Austrian psychiatrist Alfred Adler in 1947. He argued that birth order has a profound and lasting effect on psychological development.

The objective of the following chapter was to analyze the profile of the sexual aggressor of children and adolescents, according to manifestations of the violence and link with the victims, in a decade (2007-2016). The authors used a cross-sectional study, based on data from the “Police Inquiry Reports; Occurrence Bulletins and Circumstantial Terms” to maintain the importance of raising awareness among adolescents and young people and to determine the role of interpersonal relationships, social formation and ties with family members, acquaintances, boyfriends, friends and colleagues. The central goal is to halt the repetition of violent models and prevent the generational transmission of the cycle of victimization-aggression.

The findings of an additional study on sexual violence against children and adolescents, whose perpetrators are familiar and some known from the social environment of the victims, point to the need for prevention measures and support to family and social centers. This book reinforces the importance of protection and prevention to encourage anonymous complaints.

Next, the authors suggest that examining sexual behavior that differs between men and women is often difficult because treating men and women as different is as much of a problem as treating men and women as being the same. Thus, the authors will present data from multiple studies conducted with groups of college women primarily in the United States over the past 20 years. The studies were published from 1989 to 2010. Beyond documenting that women use a range of tactics that includes coercion and physical force to obtain sex from unwilling men (or men unable to give consent), these studies demonstrate differences in personality, demographics, cultural setting, beliefs, and personal history between women who aggress and those who do not.

In the concluding chapter, adults (ages 19-72, M = 47.05 years, n = 235) were given the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form (GDS-SF, n = 171 scoring 0-5 (normal); n = 27 scoring 6-9 (suggesting depression), and n = 37 scoring 10-15 (almost always indicative of depression) and Palmore’s (2001) 20-item Ageism Survey. Neither age, gender nor education were related to Ageism Survey items. Increases in probable depression lead to more Ageism Survey items endorsed once or more than once.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-947-1
ISBN: 978-1-53613-948-8

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Research on Hispanic Psychology. Volume 1

Editor: Cirilo H. Garcia Cadena, Ph.D.
Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, México

Series: Research on Hispanic Psychology

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
The objective of this work is to capture and share the scientific production of Spanish-speaking psychologists, which is little known in the Anglo-Saxon world. In contrast, the theorists and researchers of English-speaking psychology are well known in Ibero-America. This book aims to help reduce to some degree this terrible, unfortunate, and chronic gap. This first volume is composed of nine chapters that were written thanks to the contribution of nineteen authors. This book shows openness to any theory that guides the research performed by the different contributors, and the methods used and the problems addressed are very varied; it reflects, as Popper pointed out, the desire to differentiate the known from the unknown through scientific research.

In what follows, the nine chapters are very briefly described.
In Chapter One, Romo aims to identify the cultural identity of professional and academic psychologists through their own testimonies, based on their accounts of when they studied the career of psychology. In Chapter Two, Téllez and Padilla pose the low quality of the programs that train psychologists and propose a certification by national organizations at the graduate level to positively impact quality. Carrascoza states in Chapter Three that, during the colonial period, the creoles invented the myth of the Mexican identity, against the peninsular Spaniards, and enthroned the adoration of the indigenous past. In Chapter Four, Valle and Moral showed evidence of an extended scale to measure internalized homonegativity and its validity. They used exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, obtaining evidence of both convergent and discriminant validity, arriving at a hierarchical model composed of three first-order factors and one second-order factor. In Chapter Five, Pompa, Meza, and Garcia point out the importance of dissatisfaction with body image, derived from overweight and obesity, which in turn leads to psychological and psychiatric problems such as depression and anxiety in adolescents. The phenomenon of exceptional abilities was studied by Rodríguez, Sánchez, and Peña, who communicate in Chapter Six that schoolmates conceptualize the giftedness of their peers as superior intelligence, extraordinary cognitive abilities, but associate it with poor social skills; the authors use a descriptive, transversal, and qualitative design. In Chapter Seven, Sánchez, de la Garza, and Aquino adopt a cognitive approach to understand how human beings process experiences from their interaction with the physical and social world within the subdiscipline of environmental psychology. Richaud, Mesurado, and Lemos summarize, in Chapter Eight, several studies on prosociality, its types, and targets, including important variables related to it, especially in adolescence and childhood. Finally, Vargas and Richaud study, in Chapter Nine, parenting styles and their important influence on the cognitive, emotional, and social development of infants, children, and adolescents.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-005-7
ISBN: 978-1-53614-006-4

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00


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Advances in Psychology Research. Volume 135

Editor: Alexandra M. Columbus

Series: Advances in Psychology Research

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
The opening chapter of Advances in Psychology Research. Volume 135 discusses the impact of parenting a child with special needs on couples’ intimate relationships by integrating three different perspectives on resilience and risk factors. The analysis focuses on the interrelationships between several mediating factors and reveals the complex effect of raising a child with special needs on marital intimacy and quality. Future directions for research and clinical interventions are suggested.

The authors evaluate the predictive value of various factors for non-adherence to treatment in order to perform a therapeutic intervention as personalized as possible. The need to carry out psychotherapeutic approaches in order to improve determining aspects in the improvement of adherence to treatment in patients with psychosis is highlighted.

The following chapter presents the socio-political background for the integration of self-help into the health care system, a short history of the research on collaboration in Germany before the concept of self-help friendliness emerged and research on and practice of the methodical approach of self-help friendliness.

A Cameroonian model for forms of theatre with therapeutic outcomes is described. The authors aim to determine how these participatory approaches of theatre can give rise to a community-based form of therapeutic theatre and the dominant approaches that have therapeutic qualities, can be termed therapeutic and can be used to constitute a community-based approach.

The use of the term “nature” within the social and behavioral sciences has had a consistent deterministic meaning value suggesting mostly genetic attributions. This book proposes that the many uses of the word “nature” make it into an empty or floating signifier: a rather meaningless and projective tag unless duly qualified.

One included study evaluates a new 10-item measure to assess regret as dissonance after sexual encounters; the “Sexual Regret Scale”. Implications of the new scale are discussed in terms of cognitive dissonance, including how individuals’ sense of self and their actions may have led to an incongruent and negative affect state, thus generating sexual regret.

In the final chapter, the authors report 31 comparisons between Kuwaiti and American undergraduate students over a period of twenty years. Their results indicate that Kuwaiti students obtained higher mean scores for depression, obsessive–compulsiveness, hopelessness, pessimism, death obsession, general anxiety, death anxiety, and somatic symptoms, and lower scores for optimism, mental health, happiness, and love of life, as well as an external locus of control and ego-grasping.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-143-6
ISBN: 978-1-53614-144-3

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Studies in the Evolutionary Psychology of Feeling

Editor: Hiram M. Stanley

Series: Psychology of Emotions, Motivations and Actions

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
This work, originally published in 1895, does not profess to be a treatise on the subject of feeling, but merely a series of studies, and rather tentative ones at that. It was the author’s intent to deduce from the standpoint of biologic evolution the origin and development of feeling, and then to consider how far introspection confirms these results.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-483-3
ISBN: 978-1-53614-484-0

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Social Anxiety Disorder: Recognition, Diagnosis and Management

Editors: Flávia de Lima Osório and Mariana Fortunata Donadon (Department of Neuroscience and Behavioural Sciences, Medical School of Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo University, São Paulo, Brazil)

Series: Mental Disorders, Disabilities and Treatments

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
This book addresses aspects related to the recognition, diagnosis and management of social anxiety disorder (SAD) under a critical and innovative perspective. Therefore, it gathers contributions from renowned researchers in the field through both theoretical and empirical studies. The main topics covered will be theoretical and empirical models, heritability, instruments for assessment of symptoms and diagnosis, self-esteem, social skills, different approaches for treatment of SAD (social skills training, group cognitive-behavioural therapy, self-administered psychological interventions based on virtual interactions on the Internet, transcranial magnetic stimulation, ayahuasca and other hallucinogens).

The possibilities of treatment and management of music performance anxiety will also be discussed by means of a literature review and clinical study. This book offers – to clinicians, researchers and/or mental health students – the opportunity to learn and update existing information concerning SAD, a frequent condition which compromises the quality of life and the psychosocial functioning of many individuals.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-047-8
ISBN: 978-1-53613-048-5

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Understanding Social Cognition: Theory, Perspectives and Cultural Differences

Editors: Malcolm Knight and Bill Mccoy

Series: Psychology Research Progress

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
Understanding Social Cognition: Theory, Perspectives and Cultural Differences opens with a study exploring the social-signaling, ethological predictions that: a) smaller body stature (e.g., height) is associated with greater reported belief in God; and b) physical stature may mediate the association between gender and faith reporting. Following this, the empirical evidence for the types of current theories of social-cognitive interventions for children and adolescents with ASD are reviewed. The authors examine the evidence-based effectiveness of social-cognitive interventions, based on the categorization of theories identified in this review, to promote social participation for individuals with ASD. Also in this compilation, a new paradigm is presented for a more creatively enhanced and socially inclusive evolution of human reality construct building than can be projected using current physicalist models. A chapter is included which describes the development process of the SCIT-Hong Kong Version since 2011, defining key modifications of the SCIT for use with Chinese populations in Hong Kong, and shared preliminary findings on effectiveness of SCIT. An expert panel of clinicians reviewed the cultural relevance and content validity of the SCIT for application in Hong Kong. Based on this review, the researcher modified and translated the content of original SCIT. Subsequently, an evaluation of social cognitive function assessments in Chinese populations is presented. The authors review 10 social cognitive assessments, summarize the strengths and weaknesses of these assessments and propose a battery that could provide a quick assessment of multiple social cognitive domains.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-160-4
ISBN: 978-1-53613-160-4

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Promoting Prosocial Behaviors in Children through Games and Play: Making Social Emotional Learning Fun

Editors: Renee Hawkins and Laura Anne Nabors
University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA

Series: Psychology of Emotions, Motivations and Actions, Psychology Research Progress

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
This ground-breaking textbook focuses on the use of play techniques and games to facilitate the positive behavioral, social, and emotional development of children with and without special needs. The chapters in this book center on the use of games and play to facilitate emotional expression, develop friendships and encourage appropriate behaviors in community contexts, such as schools, that are critical to children’s adaptation in the world. For example, there are chapters explaining the importance of playground interactions for children, role play to develop social skills and learn to express emotions, games to facilitate appropriate behavior and prosocial development in the classroom, and play as an outlet for the expression of emotion and development of children with special needs, including medical and mental health conditions. Readers will learn skills for coaching positive behaviors in individual and group settings, and will learn strategies to enhance social skills and help children develop emotionally in a variety of contexts (e.g., classrooms) and circumstances (e.g., having chronic illnesses or coping with mental health issues that make social engagement more challenging). Important “take-home” messages and critical techniques for fostering children’s skills will be presented, and the engaging material presented in the chapters will facilitate knowledge of what to do and how to improve young children’s social and emotional development through play techniques and games.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-237-3
ISBN: 978-1-53613-238-0

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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When “We” Are Stressed: A Dyadic Approach to Coping with Stressful Events

Editors: Silvia Donato, Anna Bertoni and Sara Molgora
Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore di Milano, Italy

Series: Psychology Research Progress

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
The couple, from its formation and throughout its life cycle, is faced with several sources of stress, from daily stressors (minor stress; e.g., everyday family demands, neighborhood hassles, etc.) to critical transitions (major stress; e.g., the transition to parenthood, divorce, illness, etc.). Although in the past stress and coping were considered as mere individual processes, it is now well recognized that, when the stress and coping processes unfold within the couple relationship, a dyadic approach to both stress and coping is essential. Stress can impact both partners at the same time (e.g., financial strain) or only one member of the couple. Nonetheless, even when only one individual is experiencing stress within a couple and communicates such stress to the partner, in fact, both partners are affected by the stressful circumstance and the stress can be considered dyadic (though indirectly). Coping strategies as well could be carried out both at the individual level (e.g., individual coping) and at the dyadic level (e.g., dyadic coping). Specifically, dyadic coping is conceptualized as the interpersonal process of managing stressful events as a couple with the purpose of restoring the individual’s well-being as well as the couple’s relationship quality.
The present book is a collection of theoretical and empirical chapters focused on the relevance of a dyadic approach to couples coping with stress. A dyadic perspective is evident in both the conceptualization of stress and coping as well as in the methodology (e.g., dyadic research design and dyadic analytical methods) presented in the different chapters.
The book is divided into three sections. The first section is focused on some of the most recent theoretical and methodological issues in couples’ coping. The second section of the book comprises three chapters on how a dyadic approach can be adopted to study couples dealing with daily stressors and family transitions. The third section of the book comprises two chapters adopting a dyadic approach to the study of couples coping with illness. Finally, the fourth section of the book includes three chapters presenting dyadic interventions aimed at helping partners cope together more efficiently.
Highlights include:
-How couples cope with different stressors
-New trends in dyadic coping research
-A description of intervention programs for couples dealing with stress
The book is an ideal source of reference for relationship researchers, psychologists, mental health counselors, social workers, and advanced students who work with couples dealing with stress.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-350-9
ISBN: 978-1-53613-380-6

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Facilitating Resilience after PTSD: A Translational Approach

Editors: Graziano Pinna, Ph.D.
University of Illinois at Chicago, Psychiatric Institute, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Takeshi Izumi, M.D., Ph.D.
Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Japan

Series: Psychiatry – Theory, Applications and Treatments

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
Understanding the mechanisms by which the brain develops resilience, or lack thereof, could help unveil biomarkers for novel therapeutics to facilitate resilience after trauma. As of today, no specific treatment has been discovered for PTSD; nonetheless, 1 in 10 individuals suffer from this debilitating disorder. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are widely used as a first-line treatment, but with a high non-response rate, and the reasons for their inefficacy in PTSD is examined. This book reviews several biomarker candidates that may be useful to develop a precision medicine and help PTSD patients who fail to respond to traditional therapy. We examine the function of physiologically diverse raphe nucleus 5-HTergic neurons, deficits in amygdalar 5-HTergic neural systems, amygdala dopamine on emotional memory processing and the role of antipsychotics that attenuate excessive dopamine release and improve resilience. Autonomic imbalance, an acquired feature of PTSD, can be improved by trauma-focused psychotherapy and targeted interventions such as biofeedback. New hope via neuroepigenetics may unveil new therapeutic approaches for PTSD. Dysregulation in the HPA-axis and telomere dynamics may prove as key mechanisms in facilitating resilience and limit the risk of suicide. The endocannabinoid and neurosteroid systems as well as their interactions provide a crucial biomarker axis and contribute novel, exciting therapeutic targets to facilitate resilience after trauma.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-097-3
ISBN: 978-1-53613-098-0

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Current Developments in Alexithymia – A Cognitive and Affective Deficit

Editors: Ricardo João Teixeira
University of Aveiro, Department of Education and Psychology, Portugal

Bob Bermond
University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychology, The Netherlands

Peter Paul Moormann
Leiden University, Department of Psychology, Section of Clinical Psychology, Health, and Neuropsychology, The Netherlands

Series: Perspectives on Cognitive Psychology

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
Current Developments in Alexithymia: A Cognitive and Affective Deficit is a book that aims to establish a tangible synthesis between aspects that sometimes disorient the clinician – and allow for framing in some others – that are considered as central in the research necessary in this field. Since the original definition was coined by Sifnéos and Nemiah, alexithymia has been found to be associated with a broad range of somatic and psychiatric disorders, and the concept has been refined theoretically speaking. Alexithymia is now accepted as an affective deficit and a normally distributed multifaceted personality variable characterized by impairments in the ability to experience and symbolize one’s own and other’s emotions. The alexithymia construct retains important relevance for affective, social and cognitive neuroscientific research as it is tightly linked to the understanding of mechanisms of cognitive and affective processing, emotional awareness and social interaction. Alexithymia has gained increased attention as a possible vulnerability factor for a variety of medical and psychopathological disorders. Collectively, alexithymic facets have been shown to reflect deficits in the capacity to process and consciously experience emotions as well as to regulate emotional states through cognitive processes. The present book presents current findings, reviews and models on affective and cognitive mechanisms of alexithymia in healthy and clinical samples, offering some new reflections and orientations for academics and clinicians in fields such as clinical and health psychology, counseling psychology, psychiatry, social work, and psychiatric nursing.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-305-9
ISBN: 978-1-53613-306-6

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Emotional Intelligence: Perceptions, Interpretations and Attitudes

Editors: Maria del Carmen Pérez-Fuentes, Ph.D.
Department of Psychology, University of Almeria, Almeria, Spain

María del Mar Molero Jurado
Department of Psychology, University of Almeria, Almeria, Spain

José Jesús Gázquez Linares
Department of Psychology, University of Almeria, Almeria, Spain

Series: Psychology Research Progress

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
The concept of Emotional Intelligence (EI) was used by Salovey and Mayer to refer to the abilities and capacities to perceive and produce emotions that enable thought, to understand those emotions and regulate them with a clear adaptive function of the individual. This plays an important role throughout life, offering a frame of reference for the management of emotions with which a person relates to their environment. According to the different researches, emotional intelligence has been related to subjective well-being, personal, labor and psychological well-being, health perception and related behaviors, the socio-scholar adjustment of students, job or academic satisfaction, and the link with studies, social skills, etc. Therefore, it deserves attention, research, development and control in order to achieve a society better prepared for individual and collective success. The conceptual paradigm of intelligence has evolved over time, focusing on a multidisciplinary and integrating perspective in the present. Therefore, this book captures the results of some of the recent research that is being carried out on this construct from a multidisciplinary approach (educational, organizational, development, etc.) and throughout life (childhood and adolescence, adulthood, etc.).

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-325-7
ISBN: 978-1-53613-326-4

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00


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Psychology Research Summaries. Volume 7 (with Biographical Sketches)

Editors: Nancy E. Wodarth and Alexis P. Ferguson

Series: Psychology Research Progress

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
This book is a compilation of research summaries from a number of different focuses in the field of psychology research.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-721-7
ISBN: 978-1-53613-767-5

Price: $270.00
Price: $270.00


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Psychology Research Summaries. Volume 8

Editors: Nancy E. Wodarth, Alexis P. Ferguson

Series: Psychology Research Progress

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
This book is a compilation of biographical sketches and research summaries from a number of different focuses in the field of psychology research.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-875-7
ISBN: 978-1-53613-899-3

Price: $270.00
Price: $270.00


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Psychology Research Summaries. Volume 9 (with Biographical Sketches)

Editors: Nancy E. Wodarth and Alexis P. Ferguson

Series: Psychology Research Progress

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
This book is a compilation of research summaries from a number of different focuses in the field of psychology research.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-953-2
ISBN: 978-1-53613-968-6

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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The Psychology of Rivalry

Editors: Sybil L. Hart, Ph.D.
Department of Human Development & Family Studies, Lubbock, TX USA

Nancy Aaron Jones, Ph.D.
Florida Atlantic University, Department of Psychology and Behavioral Neuroscience

Series: Psychology of Emotions, Motivations and Actions

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
The Psychology of Rivalry is an edited volume made up of chapters by leading researchers and theorists in the fields of psychology, human development, family studies, evolutionary psychology, behavioral neuroscience and genetics. It is written for all levels of students and scientists within these and related fields who are interested in exploring relationships beyond those which are simply dyadic by focusing on contexts that are rich with overlapping relationships and complexity. Rivalry is an inherent feature of many, if not all, such relationships; it sometimes rests quietly in the interior of the psyche, and other times it can be confrontational and even destructive.

In their own way, each of the contributors to this volume present a range of theoretical perspectives as well as empirical studies with novel approaches and treatments, commentary on current events in the popular press, and practical material. As the authors draw on these perspectives and approaches, each chapter is unique in its manner of navigating the issues and boundaries of reward versus competition within a wide range of settings and relationships, within and outside families, involving individuals as young as fetuses to siblings of advanced age. It is within such contexts that real life experience takes place, and so this volume represents a bold step toward unraveling relationship dynamics in the real world with all its complexity.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-172-6
ISBN: 978-1-53614-173-3

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00