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IoT: Platforms, Connectivity, Applications and Services

Author: Abdulrahman Yarali
Professor of Telecommunication, Murray State University, Murray, KY, USA

Series: Computer Science, Technology and Applications

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
Telecommunications is currently one of the fastest changing industries with broadband networks and service providers aggressively competing in their mature subscription points for churn and value-added services to provide consumer experience for a sustainable return on their extensive investments. The shift from voice and basic data to bundles of content in streaming, video, HDTV, etc. happened too fast for the industry to cope with the demand. A large portion of this is attributed to the broad range of computation being done by smart mobile handheld devices. The confluence of standards/technologies and ability to connect massive smaller devices, objects, and sensors, inexpensively and easily have created a hyper-connected world bridging the virtual and physical to generate, process, exchange and consume data for the Internet of Things (IoT). The Internet of Things is a union of standards, technologies, and connection of devices in the real world that are able to communicate in the virtual world. This type of technology is used in generating, processing, exchanging data and decision making. With its many implications and massive proliferation of devices, IoT is widely considered to be one of the largest revolutions in the Information age. Its effect has the potential to be felt on a global scale in all sectors and occupations. Many companies have different classifications of IoT platforms based on their applications and services. Firms producing goods and services categorize their IoT applications as “Industrial IoT” while others define their IoT applications based on devices like wearables or locations such as “Smart Home” and “Smart City”. IoT devices are not only replacing people, but they are overcoming the limits of people. Drone usage with cameras and sensors will be able to travel the places where humans cannot reach to gather, store and send data to a smart device instantly. As device players are manufacturing IoT devices for remote and conditioned–based monitoring and asset tracking, there are inherent challenges such as time to market, interoperability, authentication, security, digital data protection and overcoming technical issues such as power consumption, and limited computing process. With low-cost sensors and new supporting technologies such as 4G LET Cat-M1 network, IoT brings an increase of efficiency and quality to almost every sector. In this book, there are 16 chapters which cover a broad range of topics such as platforms, technologies, generating business value, delivering smart, sustainable energy solutions, smart communities and citizens, manufacturing, healthcare, security and privacy, commercial drones and many other related IoT topics.
This book is intended for network managers and engineers, graduate and senior undergraduate students in telecommunication and computer science majors.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-400-1
ISBN: 978-1-53613-401-8

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Smart Miniaturized Wideband/Multiband and Reconfigurable Antenna for Modern Applications

Author: Amel Boufrioua, PhD, MSc
University of Mentouri Brothers, Constantine, Algeria

Series: Electronics and Telecommunications Research

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
A telecommunications technology is continuously progressing. Its main areas of investigation are, for the most part, motivated by an increasing requirement in terms of data, but are more and more restricted by a hard spectrum of frequencies.

Reconfigurable antennas, as well as ultra broadband/multi-band communications systems, have experienced strong development in recent years. New multi-band/wide band antenna concepts have therefore emerged to meet this rising demand. These systems require a low-profile nature and ease of integration with associated electronics. Certainly, the use of such antennas has become extensive in the various modern telecommunications systems. However, the diversity of the characteristics of different bands to be covered (the shape of the radiation patterns, the type of polarization, and the bandwidth required) have increased the difficulty of designing these antennas.

The antennas allow for the control of these characteristics for different frequency bands and present a methodology of easy dimensions. Indeed, the miniaturization of the antennas is not without the cause of problems with their performances. The decrease in the size of the antennas is generally accompanied by a degradation of its efficiency and its bandwidth. As a result, designed miniaturized structures usually result from a compromise between bandwidth, efficiency and electrical size. To meet these needs and demands, several techniques will be used in this book to achieve multi-band/wideband performances which deal with the major patch antenna design challenges. In addition, some novel reconfigurable designs for recent applications will be addressed. The authors hope that this book will provide a full analysis and will present new research in this active field. This book will be divided into six chapters.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-816-1
ISBN: 978-1-53613-151-2

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Emergence of Intelligence

Author: Istvan Elek, Ph.D.
Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest, Hungary

Series: Computer Science, Technology and Applications

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
This book is primarily for computer scientists who research the individual and multitude’s intelligence and knowledge representation. The author attempts to answer the following question: Can intelligence spontaneously emerge? The answer is yes. Experimental results will be introduced in order to demonstrate the answer.

This book can also be interesting for evolutionary biologists because the evolution of life is not independent of the evolution of intelligence. It is important to therefore consider that this book should not only target computer scientists. So far, intelligence has emerged spontaneously in biological systems only. Simple organisms had very low levels of intelligence during the emergence of life on Earth. Along with their self-development, their forms of intelligence have also been evolving.

The author has introduced a concept which demonstrates that a low level of intelligence can emerge spontaneously in certain circumstances. A wide ranging and theoretical background of the Digital Evolutionary Machines (DEM) are described. Many experimental results prove that the answer is yes. The majority of DEMs have died, but some seem to live forever, where only probabilistic effects influence the phenomenon.

The DEM concept also was tried and applied in circumstances of a traditional wumpus-world. The result is similar, regardless of what kind of world the DEMs live in. Beings collect data from their surrounding world and build their own or successors’ knowledge base. They collect information about energy sources, dangerous places, or anything that is interesting to them. Their own internal logic, interests and desires only decide what they do, and why and how they control their life.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-545-9
ISBN: 978-1-53613-804-7

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Communications: Government Policies and Programs

Author: Tatum Mangum

Series: Media and Communications – Technologies, Policies and Challenges

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
The WIN-T program is the Army’s high-speed, high-capacity tactical communications network to distribute classified and unclassified information through all echelons of Army command by means of voice, data and real-time video. The first chapter examines the WIN-T Program. The second chapter is a discussion on the current structure and its role in the changing telecommunications landscape of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), which is an independent federal agency with its five members appointed by the President, subject to confirmation by the Senate. The remaining chapters of this book look at the First Responder Network (FirstNet) and Next-Generation Communications; an overview on cybersecurity and information sharing, and the FCC’s rules and policies regarding media ownership, attribution and ownership diversity. The FCC broadcast media ownership rules restrict the number of media outlets that a single entity may own or control.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-200-6
ISBN: 978-1-53614-201-3

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Cloud, Fog, and Edge: Technologies and Trends in the Telecommunications Industry

Author: Abdulrahman Yarali
Telecommunication Systems Management at Murray State University

Series: Computer Science, Technology and Applications

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
The 21st century has marked the arrival of new digital technologies that transform the way enterprises operate and people live their lives. From social media sites and smartphone technology to video streaming and cloud computing, there has been a bevy of new applications that are impacting society and business seemingly on a daily basis. Considering technology and networking is a constantly changing field, some of its aspects need to be changed to conform to newly set trends. Even though prior network management frameworks have proved efficient in the past years, change is inevitable.

More and more people use the internet and more scalable network management architecture needs to be developed. In that respect, the telecommunication industry has seen tremendous growth accompanied by various challenges. Ideally, the expectations of all these include the quality of service and customer services as well as mitigating any threats that are affecting the service providers. With many opportunities being granted, telecommunication has a wide range of emerging content. For instance, there is the exponential growth of the Internet of Things devices and 5G network data, and the acceleration of cloud-based network adoption. More so, there are smart cities, mobile broadband, massive connectivity, artificial intelligence, and automation.

Moving on to trends in big data, the development of the Internet of Things has brought into the picture countless innovative sources of big data. Cloud computing has served as one of the biggest trends in the last ten years and fog computing exhibits greater prospects. Cloud computing is changing the way we access applications and hardware as well as the business and healthcare environments. Even though there is presently a considerable amount of work underway at cloud data centers, the fog computing trend is bound to change things. Many of the important and disruptive IoT trends are taking place in the industrial setting in terms of transport, manufacturing, and utilities. In terms of smart living, turning regular homes into smart homes is a developing trend that is progressively getting bigger every single day.

Automation and pervasive networks emerge from the combination of virtualization, IoT, densification, and 5G to replace today’s atomistic networks. All of these trends are coined from the dynamism that is witnessed in computerized systems that have the unending need to offer improved and more efficient services. In this book, the author has discussed the future roadmap of telecommunications and the major disruptions that will drive the most change in this industry. The focus of this book concerns the cloud, fog and edge computing with their benefits, and challenges.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-443-7
ISBN: 978-1-53614-444-4

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Semi-Supervised Learning: Background, Applications and Future Directions

Authors: Guoqiang Zhong, Ph.D.
Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China

Kaizhu Huang, Ph.D.
Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China

Series: Education in a Competitive and Globalizing World

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
Semi-supervised learning is an important area of machine learning. It deals with problems that involve a lot of unlabeled data and very scarce labeled data. The book focuses on state-of-the-art research on semi-supervised learning.

In the first chapter, Weng, Dornaika and Jin introduce a graph construction algorithm named the constrained data self-representative graph construction (CSRGC). In the second chapter, to reduce the graph construction complexity, Zhang et al. use anchors that were a special subset chosen from the original data to construct the full graph, while randomness was injected into graphs to improve the classification accuracy and deal with the high dimensionality issue.

In the third chapter, Dornaika et al. introduce a kernel version of the Flexible Manifold Embedding (KFME) algorithm. In the fourth chapter, Zhang et al. present an efficient and robust graph-based transductive classification method known as the minimum tree cut (MTC), for large scale applications. In the fifth chapter, Salazar, Safont and Vergara investigated the performance of semi-supervised learning methods in two-class classification problems with a scarce population of one of the classes.

In the sixth chapter, by breaking the sample identically and independently distributed (i.i.d.) assumption, one novel framework called the field support vector machine (F-SVM) with both classification (F-SVC) and regression (F-SVR) purposes is introduced. In the seventh chapter, Gong employs the curriculum learning methodology by investigating the difficulty of classifying every unlabeled example. As a result, an optimized classification sequence was generated during the iterative propagations, and the unlabeled examples are logically classified from simple to difficult. In the eighth chapter, Tang combines semi-supervised learning with geo-tagged photo streams and concept detection to explore situation recognition.

This book is suitable for university students (undergraduate or graduate) in computer science, statistics, electrical engineering, and anyone else who would potentially use machine learning algorithms; professors, who research artificial intelligence, pattern recognition, machine learning, data mining and related fields; and engineers, who apply machine learning models into their products.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-556-5
ISBN: 978-1-53613-557-2

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Horizons in Computer Science Research. Volume 17

Editor: Thomas S. Clary

Series: Horizons in Computer Science

Publication Date: September 2018

Book Description:
This compilation opens with a study wherein state of the art publications on Big Data Analytics are analyzed in order to create an updated classification scheme with several orthogonal dimensions of classification. These dimensions include stages of application, challenges, solution origins, specialization of technologies, purpose, ownership, data processing, data types applied and intended user types.
The authors propose that we need an effective data extraction method to gather required data and present it in a meaningful form for further analysis. Next generation interactive data analysis with real time responses requires scalable complex data processing methods to generate meaningful insights. Thus, powerful visualization methods should be designed to allow users to generate reports based on various parameters in a comprehensible way.

The authors also outline highly modular framework for the generation and realization of multimodal natural communication incorporating embodied conversational agents, male or female. The personification of the machine responses is achieved through automatic generation and visualization of co-verbal behavior, based on the behavior generation engine, and the physical realization via behavior realization engines based on Unity Game engine’s core.

When a designer is confronted with multi-stakeholders scenarios of use in which the needs of one user group may clash with, compete or be orthogonal to others’, the responsibility of sorting, prioritising and including user needs in the user interface solely remains within designer’s domain. As such, this collection proposes that in an integrated technology ecosystem, user interface designers must have the ability to to uncover user needs that may make an impact on people’s digital experience.

The following paper analyzes the basic forms of the legal protection of graphical user interfaces in the European Union, describing the basic principles of protecting registered community designs. The authors deal with the copyright protection of graphical user interfaces, highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of such regimes of protection and their possible overlap.

The penultimate chapter outlines the need, terminology, features, types, architecture, uses, and security tools available for data warehouse. The importance of security tools for data warehouse is greater than ever before, so the strategies, and economics of security measures are discussed and the types and effectiveness of security measures are evaluated.

Lastly, the authors consider the problem of auto speed scaling scheme optimization for elastic cloud computing platforms. It is observed that there is a tradeoff between performance and cost, i.e., the highest performance and the lowest cost cannot be achieved simultaneously. To analyze this, a queueing model to study a vertically scalable cloud platform, i.e., a multiserver system with variable speed, where both the performance and cost can be characterized effectively.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-419-2
ISBN: 978-1-53614-420-8

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Horizons in Computer Science Research. Volume 16

Editor: Thomas S. Clary

Series: Horizons in Computer Science

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
In this compilation, the values for the website features, such as number of errors in HTML code, content readability score, page load time, bounce rate, etc. were collected with a specially developed “web intelligence” miner from available linked open data sources, the accuracy of which was investigated. Usability and similarity evaluations were obtained from 100+ international users interacting with 21 websites of selected German and Russian universities. Next, the authors discuss the application of data mining and machine learning methods in basic research, clinical diagnosis, and treatment of ALS, hoping that this chapter will provide useful resources for people who are interested in applying big data analysis of human disease research. The authors also introduce the Network-on-Chip paradigm to effectively communicate between on-chip cores, providing a basic introduction to WiNoC architectures and a comprehensive review of recent research efforts. A systematic methodology for modeling and control of flexible manufacturing networks for mass customization is presented, especially focusing on formal representation and control synthesis aspects. Manufacturing networks are formed out of complex interconnections amongst various manufacturing and service facilities, from supply chains located in geographically different places, in a global manufacturing and distribution communication network to machine control systems in a factory. Following this, a study was conducted on agricultural land use planning in Guangdong Province, which aims to make agricultural land use planning and management of information in Guangdong Province scientific and systematic. Specific studies include: basic concepts of geographic information systems and agricultural planning studies; exploration of the space content digitizing method; building the relevant geographic information database; and agricultural land use planning GIS. The authors give a brief overview of ArcGIS and elaborates on the survey study for GIS technology at home and abroad, as well as its purpose and significance. Using ArcGIS, they conduct and edit the geographic information, construct an electronic map, and build up a meteorological system database using SQL Server. After that, the meteorological information system of Guangdong Province is developed with inquiry and display functions. The final chapter presents a detailed faults/defects analysis and an effcient reliability assessment method to approximate the lifetime reliability of a NoC system. Also, this chapter presents an architecture and hardware design of a fault-tolerant TSV based 3D-NoC system which can handle major failures (i.e., hard-faults, soft-errors and TSV-defects) that can occur in TSV-based 3D-NoC systems.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-327-1
ISBN: 978-1-53613-328-8

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Computational Mechanics (CM): Applications and Developments

Editor: Jacob Yuen

Series: Computer Science, Technology and Applications

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
In this collection, the authors examine how modeling impact of solid particles contributes to an understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of erosive wear. However, most previous studies focus on spherical particles, which are not representative of abrasive particles. Hence, a study is presented which develops a mesh-free model based on the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method to simulate the impact(s) of angular particles on metallic surface. In the subsequent study, the objective is to solve a difficult elastodynamic problem that has innumerable technological applications, as well as to demonstrate the aptitude of classical numerical procedures to attack the problem.

A variety of numerical examples are evaluated by combining boundary conditions, variations in cross section and material composition. Next, a model based on the modified strain gradient theory for the free vibration analysis of microbeams considering the effect of rotatory inertia and of shear deformation is presented. An analysis of the effects of boundary supports of the microbeams on the natural non-dimensional frequencies is performed. The results are obtained using the Ritz method with sets of admissible functions that can best model the microbeam boundary conditions. The following work employs a physically interpretable notation called strain gradient notation to study the sources and effects of locking. Such notation allows for the physical meanings of the polynomials coefficients to be identified early in the formulation procedure. Strain gradient notation guarantees that the sources of locking can be eliminated a-priori, rendering efficient finite element models.

Another study is included in which the evolutionary process accounts for the threshold values for the Von Mises stress. Thus, the regions with lower Von Mises stresses intensity have removal condition whereas the higher Von Mises stresses regions have addition condition. This study aims to evaluate the reliability of structures optimized topologically as well as to determine the robustness of the solutions provided by the topology optimization schemes. In the closing work, the microwave heating of a liquid product inside a tank (reactor) with and without mechanical agitation was analyzed. A mathematical model was developed that includes the resolution of the microscopic energy balance in which a source term is used to consider the interaction between food and microwaves. From numerical simulations it was possible to evaluate the effect of the agitation rate, the position and number of the microwave-generators inside the cavity in the temperature profiles of the liquid products.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-672-2
ISBN: 978-1-53613-673-9

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Communications and Networking: Perspectives, Opportunities and Challenges

Editor: Geng Liang
North China Electric Power University, Beijing, China

Series: Media and Communications – Technologies, Policies and Challenges

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
A recent trend in distributed systems is to interconnect the distributed elements by means of a multipoint broadcast network. Within industrial communication systems, fieldbus networks are especially intended for the interconnection of process controllers, sensors, and actuators, at the lower levels of the factory automation hierarchy. This book provides a comprehensive study on how to use networks to support industrial communication application.

Four parts are roughly included in this book:
1) Fundamentals in communications and networking technologies with their developments.
2) Applications of communications and networking technologies in industry with improvements.
3) Security for communications and networking technologies in industry.
4) Trends for communications and networking technologies in the future.

Fundamental theories on communications and networking are introduced in this book. AH hierarchy and construction of networks for use in industry and some application instances are also presented. sSome improvement to the application with and networks are also given. Security problems in networking technologies in industry are especially addressed in detail, dealing with related methodologies. Trends for communications and networking technologies in the future areis analyzed and predicted in the last part of this book.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-858-0
ISBN: 978-1-53613-859-7

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Brain-Machine Interfaces: Uses and Developments

Editors: Carla Bryan and Ivan Rios

Series: Computer Science, Technology and Applications

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
Brain-Machine Interfaces: Uses and Developments reports on advances in the development of a speech prosthetic, building on previous data as well as the results of detecting phonemes, words and phrases during overt and covert speech. The following study aims to quantify and qualify the electroencephalographic (EEG) patterns of commonly used control tasks in BCI systems under different task states. The analysed control tasks were: left hand MI, right hand MI, and a relaxed but focused mental state. The original feasibility study within this manuscript aimed to evaluate the scope of applications for a novel neurorehabilitation intervention. Important observations from that initial study and considers possible applications of TLNS Technology in the future are examined. The closing opinion piece seeks to outline why the development of an electrode that does not encourage growth into the electrode tip is ill-advised, with the core reasons being rejection and “less is more”.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-368-4
ISBN: 978-1-53613-369-1

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Cyberspace: Trends, Perspectives and Opportunities

Editors: Inez Mack and Rene Payne

Series: Internet Theory, Technology and Applications

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
In this collection, the authors discuss spying, a term which recounts a historical period marked by intense international tensions related to ideological motivations which led to military clashes. The Cold War was marked with spies between the West and the Soviet bloc comprised of intrigue, murder, stolen secrets, double agents, and effective technology. Following this, this book assesses the attitudes of US voters concerning upgrading US voting technology, maintaining that securing US voting technology is necessary to preserve US democracy. Finally, the authors demonstrate how the classical view of cyberspace as a parallel territory to the physical space-world, which humans can enter and leave at will, has become obsolete, as cyberspace has combined with physical space.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-388-2
ISBN: 978-1-53613-389-9

Price: $310.00
Price: $310.00


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Advances in Pattern Recognition Research

Editors: Thomas Lu, Ph.D. and Tien-Hsin Chao, Ph.D.
Propulsion Lab/California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, US

Series: Computer Science, Technology and Applications

Publication Date: 2018

Book Description:
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become a popular research topic recently. Pattern recognition (PR) is an important part of an AI system. If the AI is considered as the digital “brain”, then the PR is the visual and auditory “cortex” that converts the optical signals from the eyes and the acoustic signals from the ears to meaningful symbolic texts that the brain can digest. Over the past 40+ years, the processing speed of a digital computer has increased from kbits/s to tera floating point operations per second (TFLOPS), a 109 times acceleration. PR research has made significant advancements along the advancement of digital hardware, especially the graphical processing unit (GPU) technology that helps the rapid processing of complex images. In this book, the authors have collected the latest work from leading researchers in the PR fields. The topics are broad, which include optical implementation of various filters, digital implementation of state-of-the-art neural network (NN) training methods, and the latest deep leaning (DL) models. We also included applications of PR in various fields.

In Chapter One, an optical implementation of an advanced multi-stage automatic target recognition (ATR) processor is introduced. The grayscale optical correlator (GOC) has been implemented in a compact and rugged 2x2x2 inch3 cube. It is the world’s smallest optical correlator. Combined with a neural network (NN) classifier, the system becomes an efficient embedded vision system that learns to detect multiple targets embedded in large images with unknown backgrounds.

The deep neural network (DNN) learning model has become a phenomenal research topic. In Chapter Two, state-of-the-art DNN architectures are introduced. Applications of DNN in object segmentation, recognition and augmented reality are presented.

In Chapter Three, recent trends on invariant pattern recognition via joint transform correlation (JTC) are presented. Enhanced correlation filters such as logarithmic fringe-adjusted filter (LFAF), phase-encoded fringe-adjusted JTC (PJTC), shifted PJTC (SPJTC), Gaussian filtering based SPJTC (G-SPJTC) and Gaussian filter based logarithmic fringe-adjusted JTC (G-LFJTC) are discussed and tested for face recognition and texture identification.

In Chapter Four, a class of optical synthetic filters, the optimal trade-off maximum average correlation height (OT-MACH) filter is investigated. The spatial domain OT-MACH (SPOT-MACH) filters are compared to the frequency domain filters for PR in infrared (IR) images with poor contrast or large illumination gradients.

Cyber security has become an important research topic. Most cyber-attacks follow a certain pattern. Chapter Five discusses the applications of DL models as a PR technique to exploit this underlying characteristic of the cyber-attack data in information security.

Chapter Six discusses the recognition of handwritten numerals in the Modified National Institute of Standard (MNIST) database using probabilistic neural network (PNN) models.

Chapter Seven discusses several training methodologies of the artificial neural network (ANN) models. In Chapter Eight, the ANN training models are used in extracting spatial features for printed characters recognition.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-429-1
ISBN: 978-1-53614-430-7

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00