Engineering
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Renewable Electric Power Distribution Engineering

Editors: Antonio Colmenar-Santos, Ph.D., Enrique Rosales-Asensio, Ph.D. and David Borge-Diez, Ph.D.
Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED), Madrid, Spain

Series: Renewable Energy: Research, Development and Policies

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
Among other things, this book analyzes the energy losses in transformation systems composed of parallel transformers and proposes a method – known as PLO – that allows for the reduction of these losses. Distribution transformer system losses represent an important contribution to the quantity of GHG emitted to the atmosphere and have a high economic cost. This book benefits the reader by proposing and validating a novel method for the transformer utilities of three efficiency levels. This method can be implemented with any transformer, regardless of its characteristics. New low-loss transformers have lower losses but higher economic cost, and so their installation is cost-effective only if the total cost over the life cycle is lower. However, replacement of existing transformers is rarely profitable.

This book proposes a method to reduce losses throughout the life cycle in new or existing installations. For implementation, the system does not require any additional device and allows energy savings of up to 41% to be obtained over the initial losses when it is used in parallel transformers; the study also proposes using an automated system instead of manual disconnection. The new energy measurement equipment in smart grid systems facilitates the installation and operation of this method. Due to its contribution to the current pool of knowledge for topics such as repowering and renewable distribution systems, this book is an ideal resource for those interested in renewable energy, electric power systems and their applications.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-202-0
ISBN: 978-1-53614-399-7

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Solar Power Technology: Developments and Applications

Editors: Antonio Colmenar-Santos, Ph.D., Enrique Rosales-Asensio, Ph.D. and David Borge-Diez, Ph.D.
Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED), Madrid, Spain

Series: Renewable Energy: Research, Development and Policies

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
This book develops a novel and simple, yet rigorous methodology that, by means of basic techniques and tools available to any engineer, enables the study of solar concentrator performance parameter scattering on the control of the solar field outlet temperature. Several simulations are performed considering a realistic solar field comprised of a large set of solar collectors with slight differences in performance. Sets of scattered parameter distributions are randomly assigned to the collectors in the solar field. Sensitivity analysis of solar field behavior is then performed in terms of the distribution of the performance parameters of the solar collectors, followed by a comparison between different configurations of the solar field according to the number of subfields. The latter is of great interest in order to evaluate the effect of a subfield number on the ability of the solar field’s operator to control the temperature of the solar field when a flow control valve is not available in each loop. As a special feature, this book proposes a new model for characterizing the energetic behavior of grid connected PV inverters. The model has been obtained from a detailed study of the main loss processes in small size PV inverters in the market.

The main advantage of the used method is to obtain a model that comprises two antagonistic features, since both are simple, easy to compute and apply, and accurate. One of the main features of this model is how it handles the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) and its efficiency: Concerning both parts, the model uses the same approach and is achieved by two resistive elements which simulate the losses inherent to each parameter. This makes this model easy to implement, compact and refine. The model presented here also includes other parameters, such as the start threshold, standby consumption and islanding behavior. As an example, the model has been implemented in the PSPICE electronic simulator, and this approach has been used to teach grid-connected PV systems. The use of this model for the maintenance of working PV facilities is also shown.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-204-4
ISBN: 978-1-53614-401-7

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Effectiveness of Investment to Renewable Energy Sources in Slovakia

Authors: Katarína Čulková, Ph.D., Adriana Csikósová, Ph.D. and Mária Janošková, Ph.D.
Technical University Košice, Slovakia, Faculty BERG, Department of Earth Sources

Series: Renewable Energy: Research, Development and Policies

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
Renewable energy sources (RES) are considered as sources of the future. The European Union as a whole is dependent on the import of primary energy sources – around 50%. Accepted liabilities in the area of fair protection presents other influences to the energetic strategy of the EU; therefore, this strategy is concentrating mainly on the area of energy to the RES using energetic effectiveness, with no negligible potential in the individual member states. Over the years, the program of activities in the area of energy had become the main tools for the achievement of indicative goals for energy production from RES (intelligent energy in Europe, etc.). Member states in the EU had agreed in 2009 on increasing energy production from RES. Its goal until 2020 is to achieve a 20% rate of RES. In 2011, its rate was estimated at the level of 13.4%, which presented growth of about 0.9%.

Europe is investing considerably in renewable energies for a sustainable future, with both Iberian countries (Portugal and Spain) promoting significantly new hydropower, wind, and solar plants. RES have minimal influence on the climax and there is the possibility of decreasing the number of emissions of damaging elements. In spite of the number of conveniences, RES development is still rather slow and limited. There are existing presuppositions that RES installing and their development is exceedingly not effective and costly, since we have rather cheaper conventional sources available. But the problem with RES development is the economical system, acting according to the principle of “cheaper production” and “faster achievement of high profit.” RES development as well as their financial and environmental return lasts for some period, which means results cannot be expected immediately. Therefore, it is necessary to invest into RES with the aim to achieve broader space and time for technologies and innovation improving. Consequently, it will lead to higher effectiveness of energy transmitting as well as a shorter payback period.

Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-689-9

Price: $82.00


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Advances in Bio-Fuel Production

Editors: Anil Kumar
School of Biotechnology, Devi Ahilya University, Indore, India

Sarika Garg
Director, Science Planet Inc., Canada

Series: Renewable Energy: Research, Development and Policies

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
Petroleum has played a crucial role in the socio-economic and political welfare of the world. It is a non-renewable form of energy and has an increasing demand in this modern era. To fulfil the demands, the conventional sources of oil reserves are being stressed and are nearly drought. Also, the burning of fossil fuel emits toxic gases contributing to environmental pollution and global warming. The concern about environmental deterioration helped scientists to invent ways to make bio-based products. These bio-based products can replace the use of gasoline, diesel, oil, plastics and much more. Among all the bio-based products, biofuel is the most noticed one for being humanity’s first liquid fuel. Biofuels are important for various reasons including reduced environmental impact, an alternative source of energy, and a boost in economic development. In this book, detailed production of biofuels from non-conventional bio-feedstocks and advanced biofuels production have been discussed.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-671-4
ISBN: 978-1-53614-672-1

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00


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Heat Conduction: Methods, Applications and Research

Editors: Jordan Hristov, Ph.D., D.Sc.
University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, Sofia, Bulgaria

Rachid Bennacer
University of Paris-Saclay, Orsay, France

Series: Chemical Engineering Methods and Technology

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
Heat conduction plays an important role in energy transfer at the macro, micro and nano scales. This book collates research results developed by scientists from different countries but with common research interest in the modelling of heat conduction problems. The results reported encompass heat conduction problems related to the Stefan problem, phase change materials related to energy consumption in buildings, the porous media problem with Bingham plastic fluids, thermosolutal convection, rewetting problems and fractional models with singular and non-singular kernels. The variety of analytical and numerical techniques used includes the classical heat-balance integral method in its refined version, double-integration technique and variational formulation applied to the integer-order and fractional models with memories.

This book cannot present the entire rich area of problems related to heat conduction, but allows readers to see some new trends and approaches in the modelling technologies. In this context, the fractional models with singular and non-singular kernels and the development of the integration techniques related to the integral-balance approach form fresh fluxes of ideas to this classical engineering area of research.

The book is oriented to researchers, masters and PhD students involved in heat conduction problems with a variety of applications and could serve as a rich reference source and a collection of texts provoking new ideas.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-673-8
ISBN: 978-1-53614-674-5

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Liquefaction: Analysis and Assessment

Editor: Corey Hanson

Series: Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
Due to its high energy density, liquid hydrogen is one of the best alternative fuels. As such, Liquefaction: Analysis and Assessment introduces hydrogen liquefaction techniques and provides an outlook concerning common methodology. Basic and conventional cycles used for hydrogen liquefaction are reviewed, and industrial in-service hydrogen liquefaction plants are discussed.

The severe accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant demonstrated that the phenomena caused by an earthquake may actually cause more disastrous consequences than the vibratory ground motion itself, one of these phenomena being soil liquefaction. The authors propose that an analysis of the liquefaction hazards and consequences should be performed for the safety analysis of nuclear plants.

Lastly, the authors address how uncertainties in the liquefied natural gas market are growing as new producers, including the United States and Australia, emerge. In an effort to tackle these market uncertainties, process optimization is an essential part of the liquefied natural gas project. In this instance, an exergy-based method is demonstrated and assessed for both thermodynamic and cost objective

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-773-5
ISBN: 978-1-53614-774-2

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Advances in Materials Science Research. Volume 35

Editor: Maryann C. Wythers

Series: Advances in Materials Science Research

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
Advances in Materials Science Research. Volume 35 opens with an examination of the effect of bismaleimides based on the Diels-Alder reaction mechanism on high performance aerospace carbon fibre reinforced plastics. More precisely, the interlaminar fracture toughness of unidirectional bismaleimide modified composites and their healing capabilities were measured under mode I and mode II fracture loading conditions.

Following this, polyacrylonitrile nanofibers are first obtained from polyacrylonitrile in dimethylformamide by electrospinning. Then, the carbon nanofibers are obtained by calcination of polyacrylonitrile nanofibers. Additionally, the capacity of these materials to promote oxygen reduction reaction is evaluated.

As new sorbents are developed for purifying gases or liquids via physisorption and/or chemisorption processes, the objective is typically to increase the specific surface area to maximize the available binding sites for capturing various species of interest. One drawback to making a sorbent more porous is that it often leads to a product that is fragile or friable and can be damaged, thus imposing process limitations. Thus, the authors propose an alternative approach for improving the mechanical integrity of the sorbent by binding it within a porous matrix that passively holds the sorbent in place.

Next, evidence that the nanopillared graphene surface can induce strong dewettability is been reported by molecular dynamics simulations. The retracting and detaching behaviors of the liquid film can be effectively controlled by tuning the geometric parameters of the liquid film or nanopillar as well as the temperature.

This compilation also includes a study which aims to present the advantages of using a thermodynamic analysis for the production of high purity hydrogen by the ethanol steam reforming combined with CO2 absorption (ESR-CO2-ABS). For this purpose, a thermodynamic analysis is used to find optimal reaction conditions for the ESR-CO2-ABS system. Thermodynamic analysis of the ESR-CO2-ABS system was performed using CaO, CaO•MgO, Na2ZrO3, Li2ZrO3 and Li4SiO4 as CO2 absorbents to determine optimal operating conditions to generate high production and concentration of hydrogen in the product gas.

In conclusion, the authors discuss how recently, research emphasis has been directed towards integrating multiple functions into polymer materials. Among these new advancements in materials science are functional polymers with structural designs for versatile applications. Piperazine is an interesting heterocyclic diamine which possess excellent medicinal and chelating property. Polymers and surfactants based on piperazine and surfactants have shown good hydrophilic, chelating anti-bacterial and anti-helminthic properties.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-720-9
ISBN: 978-1-53614-721-6

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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First-Principle vs. Experimental Design of Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors

Authors: Omar Mounkachi
Mohammed V University, Faculty of Sciences, Rabat, Morocco

Abdelilah Benyoussef
Université Mohammed V-Agdal, Rabat, Morocco

Mohamed Hamedoun
Institute for Nanomaterials and Nanotechnologies, MAScIR, Rabat, Morocco

Series: Nanotechnology Science and Technology

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
Recent discoveries have given rise to a new class of electronics known as “spin electronics” or “spintronics,” which uses the electron spin rather than its charge to create polarized currents. Spintronics is currently experiencing an extraordinary development with the manufacture of nanoscale devices based on ferromagnetic materials and semiconductors. Their applications are numerous, ranging from recording, electronics, and optoelectronics to quantum information. Spintronics is a new generation of electronics that has brought and continues to bring a lot of progress to information storage; this is due to the discovery of new materials with new functionalities and multiple applications.

The discovery of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) in 1988 by Albert Fert and Peter Grünberg (receiver of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2007) is considered a starting point of spintronics. GMR is based on the variation of the electric current in the presence of a magnetic field. The spintronics has made important contributions to the miniaturization desired for electronics; it uses nanometric components for processing and storing information. However, the limits of miniaturization on a nanometric scale are known, and it is imperative to develop new ways and new materials to exceed those limits. The most desired properties for these materials are high spin polarization, modular magnetic properties by an electric field and a long lifetime of the spin polarization. Among the new promising materials, we cite the following: Diluted magnetic semiconductors, which give new magnetic properties of conventional semiconductors, functional oxides (including the semi-metals and multiferroic metals) and organic semiconductors.

The main theoretical challenge in this area is to understand how the macroscopic magnetic behavior observed results from interactions of a large number of degrees of microscopic freedom. In these systems the disorder is an essential parameter of magnetic phenomena, and due to random locations of impurity atoms it can lead to a total physical difference from the observed absence. There has been considerable recent advances in the design of these materials as diluted magnetic semiconductors (DMS, or diluted magnetic semiconductors), and a number of semiconductors were investigated as II-VI group and III-V group doped compounds, with transition metals substituting their original cations.

There are several different theoretical approaches to study these magnetic materials. The ab-initio approach starts from the Schrödinger equation to simulate a given material. Such an approach is essential to determine the parameters and microscopic properties of such a system. In this book, the authors analyzed the electronic structure of magnetic semiconductors diluted in the case of ZnO, GaN, SnO2, TiO2, MgH2, EuO and EuN doped RENs (RE=GdN, DyN and HoN). The authors focused on magnetic, optical and exchange mechanisms which control the ferromagnetism in these systems. The purpose of this book is to propose some ideas to answer the most important question in material science for semiconductor spintronics, primarily considering how room-temperature ferromagnetism in DMS can be realized. Additionally, the correlation between first principle and experimental design to see how properties of yet-to-be-synthesized materials can be predicted is discussed.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-077-4
ISBN: 978-1-53614-078-1

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00


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Technologies and Applications for Fuel Cell, Plug-in Hybrid, and Electric Vehicles

Editors: Antonio Colmenar-Santos, Ph.D., Enrique Rosales-Asensio, Ph.D. and David Borge-Diez, Ph.D.
Industrial Engineering Higher Technical School, Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED), Madrid, Spain

Series: Energy Science, Engineering and Technology

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
This book develops a novel and simple, yet rigorous, methodology that, by means of basic techniques and tools available to any engineer, enables the study of solar concentrator performance parameter scattering on the control of the solar field outlet temperature. As a special feature, this book proposes a new model for characterizing the energetic behavior of grid connected PV inverters.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-205-1
ISBN: 978-1-53614-373-7

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Alternative Energy Systems in Buildings

Editors: Antonio Colmenar-Santos, Ph.D., Enrique Rosales-Asensio, Ph.D. and David Borge-Diez, Ph.D.
Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED), Madrid, Spain

Series: Energy Policies, Politics and Prices

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
The main objective of this book is to evaluate alternative energy systems in buildings regardless of their location and climatic conditions. To do so, evaluations have been conducted in temperate and marine weather conditions in developed countries like Germany; in a semiarid climate in Spain; and in a humid subtropical climate in Brazil. Over the past few years, the use of passive cooling and heating technologies has become more common for reducing the energy consumption of buildings. However, these technologies are not often used for some building systems.

Buildings intended for children or the elderly are often climatized to improve indoor thermal conditions. In this book, a cost reduction in climatization based on passive systems is proposed and studied. Building site optimization is performed to improve thermal behavior. To achieve this, computational fluid dynamics tools have been used. The integration of these passive systems allows the peak power demand to be reduced by up to 50% and the yearly energy consumption to be reduced by approximately 40%. These reductions are studied for conventional and renewable energy systems, showing that passive systems provide better thermal comfort and reduce initial investment and energy consumption, making low-cost buildings feasible.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-203-7
ISBN: 978-1-53614-400-0

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Mechatronic Systems: Design, Performance and Applications

Editor: Mohamed Arezki Mellal
Faculty of Engineering Sciences (FSI), M’Hamed Bougara University (UMBB), Boumerdès, Algeria

Series: Systems Engineering Methods, Developments and Technology

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
During the last decade, mechatronic systems have been found in many things and many experiences of our everyday lives. The word “mechatronics” was first used by the engineer Tetsuro Mori in Japan in 1969. Mechatronics is a multidisciplinary area of study combining mechanics, electronics, computers and automation. A synergistic collaboration among these fields of science involves a high potential for accomplishments and achievements now accessible to a wide variety of engineers. Mechatronic Systems: Design, Performance and Applications is a source of the latest research and technical notes in mechatronics. This book is useful for students, researchers, and all readers interested in this topic.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-530-4
ISBN: 978-1-53614-531-1

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Numerical Simulation of the Heat Conductivity of Randomly Inhomogeneous Two-Dimensional Composite Materials

Authors: Alexander Pysarenko, Ph.D. and Igor Zaginaylo, Ph.D.
Department of Physics, Odessa State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Odessa, Ukraine

Series: Materials Science and Technologies

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
Numerical Simulation of the Heat Conductivity of Randomly Inhomogeneous Two-Dimensional Composite Materials consists of six sections. The introduction and second section present a wide variety of theoretical and empirical models for heat transport in two-component composites and their governing scientific principles. In particular, the methods of homogenization and the representative volume element are examined. The third section is devoted to the numerical methods in heat conduction processes in composites. In this section, the choice of the finite difference method and the Monte Carlo method for numerical experiments on the study of heat transfer in two-component composites was confirmed.

The fourth section describes the computational model for two-component composite material with different values of the matrix and filler thermal conductivity. The study assumes a random placement of inclusions in the composite matrix with the following parameters: The concentration and size of inclusions, and the minimum distance between the inclusions.

The fifth section deals with the distribution statistics of the effective heat conductivity. General forms of the effective thermal conductivity distributions and their transformation have been obtained when the parameters of the inclusions placement have been changed. Moreover, the influence of the placement heat-insulating inclusions on the parameters of the effective thermal conductivity distributions has also been discussed. The Monte Carlo simulation has been used to obtain the statistics of the effective anisotropy of the thermal conductivity distributions and its relationship to the effective thermal conductivity distributions statistics.

The local heat fluxes statistics and pattern maps of local heat fluxes through a randomly inhomogeneous material with a heat-conducting matrix and heat-insulating inclusions have been analyzed in the sixth section. Numerical experiments reveal the influence of the number and extent of induced heat-conducting channels on the effective thermal conductivity of the material. Special attention has been paid to an area with a shortage of induced heat-conducting channels, or the so-called dark matrix. Multimodal distributions of the local heat flux density, as well as the binding of two distribution modes to heat-insulating inclusions and induced thermal conductive channels have been described. The third mode of distribution was tied to a dark matrix on the heat-insulating inclusions map. This section also presents the statistical distributions of angles between the direction of local heat fluxes and the temperature macro gradient as well as the transformation of the character of distribution when changing the parameters of placement for inclusions.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-687-5
ISBN: 978-1-53614-688-2

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Metals and Metal-Based Electrocatalytic Materials for Alternative Energy Sources and Electronics

Editor: Jasmina Stevanović, Ph.D.
(Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia)

Series: Chemical Engineering Methods and Technology

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
The important role of metals, their oxides and catalytically-interactive supports in contemporary investigations related to rational construction of next-generation devices as alternative energy sources and hi-tech electronics is ambitiously presented throughout this book. The topics involve:

Carbonaceous and non-typical platinum-based nanostructured electrode materials as promising candidates for anodic reactions in low-temperature fuel cells.
Ruthenium oxide as electroactive material, presented through its innovative synthesis routes involving microwave heating and ultrasonic spray pyrolysis, with the focus on its performances as an electrochemical supercapacitor, but also as a part of multicomponent electrode coating in electrocatalysis of chlorine and oxygen evolution.
Alkaline water electrolysis as the simplest method for hydrogen production especially when using renewable energy sources, offering the advantage of simplicity and environmentally clean technology with zero emission of greenhouse gases.
New frontiers in electroconductive composite materials and biopolymers combined with noble metal nanoparticles that can be used in nanoelectronics and medical nanotechnologies.
The possibilities for the operational improvement of an aluminum-air battery presented through alternative modifications of an Al-anode by alloying with magnesium and electromagnetic bulk structure homogenization.
The improvements of copper-based materials as well as the research toward sustainable production of copper itself as an important component for further development of electronic devices.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-663-9
ISBN: 978-1-53614-664-6

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Adaptive Filtering: Principles, Concepts and Applications

Editor: Md. Zia Ur Rahman, Ph.D.
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Green Fields, Vaddeswaram, Guntur, A.P., India

Series: Electronics and Telecommunications Research

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
This book titled Adaptive Filtering: Principles, Concepts and Applications covers principles, concepts and applications of adaptive filtering. The development of adaptive filtering started in 1976 and widely developed over different application areas. It is certainly not our ambition to cover everything of adaptive filtering principles and applications. Rather, this edited book features the latest methodological, technical and practical progress on promoting the successful use of adaptive filtering principles and applications, which are more useful in the current day scenario.

The book contains ten chapters contributed by the experts in the area of adaptive filtering throughout the world. The various applications addressed are MIMO receivers, adaptive exon prediction for DNA analysis, beam steering for smart antennas for mobile applications, telecardiology systems, physiological signal analysis, brain computer interface applications, speech signal conditioning, filtering thoracic electrical bio-impedance, and inter symbol interference cancellation in wireless communication systems. The intended audience of this book will mainly consist of researchers, research students and practitioners in adaptive filtering and applications. The book is also of interest to researchers and industrial practitioners in areas such as algorithm developers, biomedical engineering, biomedical instrumentation, VLSI circuits design, and embedded systems. This edited book will present research outcomes on theoretical and technical issues related to real time applications.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-783-4
ISBN: 978-1-53614-784-1

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Advances in Engineering Research. Volume 26

Editor: Victoria M. Petrova

Series: Advances in Engineering Research

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
In Advances in Engineering Research. Volume 26, sodium dodecyl sulfate and hydroxy isopropyl chitosan are employed as modulation agents for crystallization of CaC2O4. The effects of these concentrations on the crystallization are investigated, and the CaC2O4 particles are characterized by scanning electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.
The authors examine a novel flash ironmaking technology, developed by Professor H.Y. Sohn’s research group at the University of Utah, which has shown promising results for the production of iron from iron ore concentrate with low energy consumption/greenhouse gas emissions. Computation fluid dynamics has been used to simulate the novel flash ironmaking process from the kinetics analysis of the results obtained in laminar-flow reactors to the laboratory scale Utah flash reactor and the large scale bench reactor.
This collection goes on to review recent data on composite materials intended for repairing mechanochemical and technological damages of metallic pipelines. The technological aspects of repairing gas and oil pipeline surfaces and their joints and couplings in field conditions are analyzed, and methods used to improve the strength of the adhesive layer are considered.
Next, several mega-structural projects for regulation of the economic and ecological impacts of global sea-level rise in the Mediterranean Sea Basin are detailed. In particular, one macro-project, a modernized installation sited within the Strait of Gibraltar composed of a single fabric submarine curtain and super-ropes, is closely examined in terms of its sea-level rise macro-problem solving suitability.
Lastly, a new method based on subsampled contourlet transform and feature smoothing technique is presented for automatic classification of seabed square-size images. This new version of standard contourlet transform allows for the study of images with various resolution levels and directions. This proposed method is implemented using graphics processing unit capabilities to reduce execution time.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-714-8
ISBN: 978-1-53614-715-5

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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NASA: Major Projects and Select Issues

Editor: Oliver Cummings

Series: Space Science, Exploration and Policies

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
NASA’s mission is to drive advances in science, technology, aeronautics, and space exploration to enhance knowledge, education, innovation, economic vitality, and stewardship of Earth. Chapter 1 and 2 provide a snapshot for 2018 of how well NASA is planning and executing its major acquisition projects. In May 2017, GAO found that projects were continuing a generally positive trend of limiting cost and schedule growth, maturing technologies, and stabilizing designs. But, at the same time, GAO noted that many of these projects, including some of the most expensive ones, were approaching the phase in their life cycles when cost and schedule growth is most likely. Chapter 3 is an overview of the 2017 budget.

Chapter 4 determines the extent to which NASA has established and implemented leading IT management practices in strategic planning, workforce planning, governance, and cybersecurity. Chapter 5 addresses, among other things, the extent to which (1) NASA’s Inspector General investigated contractor and grantee whistleblower reprisal complaints; (2) NASA’s Administrator reviewed reprisal complaints in a timely manner; and (3) NASA communicated the applicable whistleblower reprisal protections to contractors. Chapter 6 sets forth policy governing the release of public information, which is defined as information in any form provided to news and information media, especially information that has the potential to generate significant media, or public interest or inquiry.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-817-6
ISBN: 978-1-53614-818-3

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Mechanical Design, Materials and Manufacturing

Editor: Sandip A. Kale
Mechanical Engineering Department, Trinity College of Engineering and Research, Pune, India
Technology Research and Innovation Centre, Pune, India

Series: Mechanical Engineering Theory and Applications

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
Though the developments in the field of electronics and digital industries are significant, the importance of the basic mechanical industry remains always on the top side. The purpose of this book is to present some advanced research studies on mechanical design, materials and manufacturing. The first chapter presents an analysis of a novel force transducer which has a special shape that allows strategic placement of the strain gauges and senses axial forces by ignoring the moments.

The second chapter explains the basic principle of calculation and analysis of the defective structure of solids. The third most interesting chapter presents advanced methods used in molecular dynamics simulation of macromolecules. Chapter Four explores an extended method of mathematical modelling of Freudenstein-Chebyshev approximation theory for sigmoidal function applied to four and five precision points. Chapter Five presents an algorithm to find the transfer vertex of a given epicyclic gear train. In the sixth chapter, an analytical study (using ABAQUS/CAE) on the strengthening of the beam-column joint under seismic conditions using carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) sheets has been carried out.

Chapter Seven discusses preparation, properties and applications of nanomterials, ceramics and bioceramics. Chapter Eight presents a methodology to design, develop and simulate a twin spindle turning special purpose machine based on the data collected from hydraulic, pneumatic, and electro pneumatic data which will serve as low cost automation. The last chapter is about the estimation of axial force in incremental sheet metal forming.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-791-9
ISBN: 978-1-53614-792-6

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Advances in Engineering Research. Volume 27

Editor: Victoria M. Petrova

Series: Advances in Engineering Research

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
The opening chapter of Advances in Engineering Research. Volume 27 summarizes current progress in the design of multimode dielectric resonator antennas. Emphasis is placed on the operating modes achieved by different research groups, including the authors’, as well as the feeding system used, the modes’ radiation performances, and radiation patterns. The authors conclude that the full potential of dielectric resonator antennas can only be obtained using its multi-mode capabilities.

Following this, a detailed discussion on flexible organic thin-film transistors is provided, focusing on different aspects of fabrication, emerging organic materials, characterization techniques, multidisciplinary applications and performance deteriorating issues.

A mathematical model of the locomotive spatial vibrations was developed and different reasons of derailment were under investigation. Locomotive behaviour in collisions with a motionless obstacle and another vehicle is studied and the results are examined.

In another study, the evolution of the stochastic digital measurement method is reviewed, particularly highlighting the two-bit stochastic digital measurement method. Topics covered include theoretical foundations and prototype instruments used in power grid networks.
The closing chapter covers the development of active safety system technologies is an emerging topic, especially in regard to powered two-wheelers. In the wake of new technologies available, many governments are heavily legislating vehicle safety, is prompting the manufacturers to innovate their active safety devices.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-803-9
ISBN: 978-1-53614-804-6

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Advances in Materials Science Research. Volume 36

Editor: Maryann C. Wythers

Series: Advances in Materials Science Research

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
In the preliminary study included in Advances in Materials Science Research. Volume 36, a novel fiberglass catalyst with highly dispersed 1-2 nm Pd clusters confined in the bulk of fiberglass at a depth of 10 nm was proposed. In spite of extremely low palladium content, this catalyst showed high performance in the selective hydrogenation of acetylene. Basic research of physicochemical properties of the silicate glass as well as the Pd/FG catalyst revealed that mass transfer of reagents in the bulk of glass does not limit the reaction rate, and the glass has a capability to absorb a large amount of polar or readily polarizable molecules like acetylene but not ethylene.

In another study, vaporized materials (such as liquid vapors) were ejected through a nozzle into a vacuum, and liquid clusters with various cluster sizes were formed by adiabatic expansion. The vacuum has an important role in cluster formation, and the fundamental properties of the vacuum and clusters are described in terms of an existence in emptiness.

Next, the following operations are discussed: mechanical cutting (with punching dies, guillotines, waterjets and laser beams), clamping, welding, riveting, and the coating of sheet surfaces with insulating layers. A practical laboratory stand for the examination of finished cores used in induction motors, designed by one of the authors at the Wrocław Branch of the Electrotechnical Institute, is presented.

The authors deal with the issue of lead-free solders at high application temperatures, with the aim to study the effect of lanthanides addition on the properties of solders for high application temperatures. The Bi-based solders Bi11Ag2La, Bi2La, Bi2Y were designed and fabricated as innovative soldering alloys. The study of effect of lanthanides in the soldering process was especially oriented toward soldering Al2O3 and ZrO2 ceramic materials.

Some examples of errors that can occur in soldering ae listed, while several selected defects are reviewed: non-wettability of the solder pads, dewetting, wrong solder mask design, warpage, head-in-pillow, cracks in the joints, pad cratering, black pad, solder beading, tombstoning, dendrites, voids, flux spattering from the solder paste, popcorning and whiskers.

In closing, the authors discuss the development of processing technology for producing electrical steels with increased silicon content, which is considered one of the novel achievements in contemporary materials science dealing with magnetic materials. Commercially available steels produced by JFE Steel Corporation are analyzed.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53614-848-0
ISBN: 978-1-53614-849-7

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Cotton Fabrics: Preparation, Synthesis and Applications

Author: Fabien Salaün
Assistant Professor, Roubaix Cedex, France

Series: Polymer Science and Technologys

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
Written by a group of international experts, this book provides a comprehensive analysis of the main scientific and technological advances that ensure the continued functionality of cellulosic textile supports. It begins with a discussion on the chemical and physical structure of cotton and its different properties and provides a review of the main vancées regarding textile surface modification. The second chapter is devoted to the use of cotton supports in comfort, and more specifically the importance of the textile structure for the management of heat and mass transfers.
These different concepts are discussed from the description of recent models applied in this field of expertise. The third chapter is dedicated to the fire retardant properties of textile substrates, with a more specific focus on textile finishing treatments to improve this type of surface functionality. Finally, the last chapter is oriented towards the chemical grafting of microcapsules from the DOPA, which currently constitutes a possible new application path in the textile field. This book covers a wide range of textile finishing treatments for cotton, allowing the reader to learn about new technologies in this field.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53615-006-3
ISBN: 978-1-53615-007-0

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Advances in Materials Science Research. Volume 37

Editor: Maryann C. Wythers

Series: Advances in Materials Science Research

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
Advances in Materials Science Research. Volume 37 begins by discussing the main properties of poly (methyl methacrylate) bone cements used for orthopaedic surgery. In particular, emphasis is given to the fillers used to modify the solid phase of acrylic formulations, and this strategy is related to changes in their mechanical, biological, and clinical properties.
Following this, the authors describe studies on the radiopaque agents of bone cements from 1960 to today. This research is divided into several time frames: 1960-1990, 1990-2000, 2000-2010, and 2010-2018. An outlook for the future studies is also provided.
A recent literature analysis in the field of spray pyrolysis production methods is presented, including the respective equipment requirements and the versatility of the materials. Examples of the application of ultrasonic spray nebulizers, laser and plasma atomizers are also provided.

Next, a facile spray pyrolysis from a precursor solution with an ammonium additive is introduced to prepare porous nanostructured vanadium pentoxides. The correlation between porous structures and electrochemical properties of the PN-V2O5 electrodes was systematically investigated on rechargeable lithium batteries. Furthermore, some challenges are presented on the design of porous materials produced by spray pyrolysis for the application of lithium sulfur batteries.

The authors discuss research on non-contact and non-destructive systems that excite surface acoustic waves using pulsed lasers and detect surface acoustic waves using laser Doppler detectors to observe the changes in the physical properties of the substrate surface.
The concluding study focuses on the availability of modified epoxidized palm oil as pressure sensitive adhesives in medical applications. Epoxidized palm oil has been modified to two modifications of acrylation and maleination. Thus, there are requirements need to be met for pressure sensitive adhesive formulation before the curing process.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53615-038-4
ISBN: 978-1-53615-039-1

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Advances in Engineering Research. Volume 28

Editor: Victoria M. Petrova

Series: Advances in Engineering Research

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
In Advances in Engineering Research. Volume 28, the authors describe the functional beam splitter that divides the incident beam into several derivative ones, simultaneously introducing the prescribed transformation of their transverse profiles. Recommendations for managing the diffracted beams’ profiles and their employment in precise metrology and optical vortices analysis are given.

Unlike most engineered filtering systems, many naturally evolved biological filters have variable rather than fixed porosity. These include internal and external filters for feeding, as well as filters to capture waste particles. As such, this collection examines a prime example of a biological system with fluctuating porosity: the baleen filter of mysticete whales, which uses keratinous plates and hair-like fringes to capture prey of varying size.

Next, the adaptive identification problem of dynamic systems with uncertainty is considered on adaptive observer class. A method is proposed for construction adaptive observers time-varying linear dynamic objects at non-fulfillment of condition excitation constancy.
The authors also explore wireless sensor networks with common applications existing the real world. The benefits and challenges of the networks are discussed in an effort to overcome some constraints of energy limitation. A review of traditional data collection methods is provided with details.

In closing, the algorithm for full rejection of the side lobes of a pattern antenna array at given azimuth angle points outside the main lobe area is considered. The structural diagram of the array is presented, and the efficiency of the suggested design has been investigated

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53615-011-7
ISBN: 978-1-53615-012-4

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Cellulose to Nanocelluloses: Production, Properties and Applications

Editor: TriDung (TD) Ngo, Ph.D.
Research Scientist, Biomass Conversion and Processing Technologies, InnoTech Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Series: Nanotechnology Science and Technology

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
Cellulose is the most important and naturally abundant organic biopolymer in the biosphere. It is the basic structural component of plant cell walls. Cellulose based materials have been utilized by our society as engineering materials for thousands of years and their use continues today as verified by the enormity of the worldwide industries. In recent decades, the conversion of renewable lignocellulosic biomass and natural biopolymers into chemicals, liquid fuels and feed supplements has gained considerable attention. In addition, the gradual depletion of petroleum resources, the lack of space for landfills, concerns over emissions during incineration, and environmental pollution caused due to accumulation of these non-destructible solid wastes has spurred efforts to develop high performance materials which are eco-friendly and sustainable. Keeping in mind the advantages of the bio-based materials from cellulose, this volume, edited by Tri-Dung (T.-D.) Ngo, includes cellulose from the micro- (cellulose fiber) to nanoscale (nanocellulose). This book focuses on the chemistry, production, properties and applications of the cellulose materials in various areas. From the view of sustainable development, the new materials associated with cellulose bio-renewable sources are enormously being addressed. In addition, nanotechnology is a rapidly evolving area of development, as science, engineering and technology have merged to bring nanoscale materials much closer to reality. The book also summarizes the recent developments made in the area of advanced bio-nanomaterials, chemical functionalization of celluloses from the micro- to nanoscale, and their processing and successful utilization for selected applications. A number of critical issues and suggestions for future work are discussed, underscoring the roles of researchers for the efficient development of advanced bio-nanomaterials through value addition to enhance their use.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53615-057-5
ISBN: 978-1-53615-058-2

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00


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The Renewable Fuel Standard: Overview and Implementation Issues

Editor: James Mcdonald

Series: Energy Policies, Politics and Prices

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
Established by Congress as an amendment to the Clean Air Act, the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) mandates that U.S. transportation fuel contain a minimum volume of renewable fuel. The mandated minimum volume increases annually and must be met using both conventional biofuel (e.g., cornstarch ethanol) and advanced biofuel (e.g., cellulosic ethanol). For a renewable fuel to be applied toward the mandate, it must be used for certain purposes (transportation fuel, jet fuel, or heating oil) and meet certain environmental and biomass feedstock criteria.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53615-075-9
ISBN: 978-1-53615-076-6

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00


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Recent Studies in Materials Science

Editor: Patrick R. Lind

Series: Materials Science and Technologies

Publication Date: 2019

Book Description:
The goal of the first chapter is to express the main achievements in use of the Jahn-Teller effect (JTE) and pseudo JTE (PJTE) in search of materials with enhanced or novel properties, are presented as a part of what is known as materials science.

The hallmark of this entire chapter is the commitment to identify situations in which “waves” are produced and provide a systematic classification of such convective instabilities together with a description of related features based on advanced numerical simulations.

The quality and mechanical or electrical properties of the resulting solids and crystals are adversely affected by thermogravitational convection as it can induce defects in their atomic or molecular structure (this is the case, e.g., of typical crystal-growth techniques such as the horizontal Bridgman (HB), the Floating zone (FZ) or the Czochralski (CZ) methods). This present chapter aims to present a focused review of landmark (past) and very recent contributions on the nature, structure and hierarchy of instabilities of this type of convection.

This chapter is devoted to the investigation of the thermo-kinetics features of overcooled austenite transformation in three grades of 0.75-0.77 wt.% C complex-alloyed (Mn-Si, Mn-Si-Cr-Mo) steel intended for rail applications. Magnetometric and thermal analyses were used to build Time-Temperature-Transformation and Continuous-Cooling-Transformation diagrams presenting the kinetics of austenite transformation in studied steels.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53615-270-8
ISBN: 978-1-53615-271-5

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00