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A Sustainability Assessment in the Energy Sector

Author: Dalia Streimikiene (Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Akademija, Lithuania)

Series: Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology

Publication Date: January 29, 2018

Book Description:
Sustainability assessment is the core instrument for implementing sustainable development targets. The energy sector is playing a crucial role in achieving sustainable development in the country, as energy consumption is the main driver of economic growth; it also has the biggest environmental impact, and therefore sustainability assessment in the energy sector requires special attention. Sustainability Assessment in the Energy Sector consists of seven chapters: in the first chapter, the sustainability concept is described; in the second chapter, sustainability assessment concepts are reviewed and discussed; in the third chapter, sustainability assessment tools and methods are summarized and described; in the fourth chapter, the main problems of sustainable energy development are addressed; in the fifth chapter, externalities in the energy sector are introduced; in the sixth chapter, sustainability assessment tools applicable to the energy sector are categorized; and finally, in the seventh chapter, practical examples of sustainability assessment in the energy sector are provided by covering sustainability assessment of electricity and district heat generation technologies. These methods include the assessment of external costs of electricity generation, sustainability assessment of electricity and transport technologies based on the GHG emission costs and carbon intensities of these technologies. The final chapter also discusses the sustainability assessment of policies and measures for energy sector development scenarios. The book was prepared by summarizing research findings in the field of sustainability assessment in the energy sector, which was conducted by the author of this book over a period of ten years.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-230-4
ISBN: 978-1-53613-231-1

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00


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Compressed Sensing: Methods, Theory and Applications

Editor: Jonathon M. Sheppard

Series: Electrical Engineering Developments

Publication Date: January 29, 2018

Book Description:
Compressed Sensing: Methods, Theory and Applications presents and describes a method of image Arbitrary Sampling and Bounded Spectrum Reconstruction (ASBSR-method) that allows for drawing near the image sampling rate theoretical minimum. This compilation also discusses results of experimental verification of the ASBSR-method and its possible applicability extensions to solving various underdetermined inverse problems such as: color image demosaicing, image in-painting, image reconstruction from their sparsely sampled or decimated projections, image reconstruction from the modulus of its Fourier spectrum, and image reconstruction from its sparse samples in Fourier domain. Following this, the authors examine a novel framework to obtain HR images from CS imaging systems capturing multiple Low Resolution (LR) images of the same scene. The assumption that when an image admits a sparse representation in a transformed domain, a blurred version of it will also be sparse in the transformed domain, allows for the recovery of blurred images from CS observations. This proposed Compressed Sensing Super Resolution (CSSR) approach, combines existing CS reconstruction algorithms with an LR to HR approach based on the use of a new robust sparsity promoting prior based on super Gaussian regularisation. Additionally, several image CS recovery methods are studied. The concept of CS in image processing is introduced and a brief description of an effective CS reconstruction algorithm, called block-based CS with smoothed-projected Landweber reconstruction (BCS-SPL), is presented. Next, an adaptive CS method is presented, which provides a higher recovered image quality with respect to the BCS-SPL algorithm. Then, the concept of prediction and residual reconstruction is extended to the image CS recovery.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-082-9
ISBN: 978-1-53613-083-6

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Networked Control Systems: Research Challenges and Advances for Application

Editor: Eduardo Paciencia Godoy (São Paulo State University (Unesp), Sorocaba, SP, Brazil)

Series: Electrical Engineering Developments

Publication Date: January 17, 2018

Book Description:
The research topic of networked control systems has been the focus over the last 15 years for the academic and industrial sectors. Networked control systems (NCSs) are distributed control systems in which the sensors, actuators, and controllers are physically separated and connected through an industrial network. NCSs represent the evolution of control architectures, providing greater modularity and control decentralization, maintenance ease and diagnosis, and lower cost of implementation. The R&D on NCSs has been overcoming the effects of the network delays, packet losses and message sampling intervals on NCS performance and stability. The advances in wireless networking technology and the proliferation of industrial wireless sensors have led to an increasing interest in using wireless networks for closed loop control. The main advantages of Wireless Networked Control Systems (WNCSs) are the reconfigurability, easy commissioning and the possibility of installation in places where cabling is impossible. Despite these advantages, a major problem must be considered for practical implementations of WNCSs. The technological concern in WNCSs is the energy efficiency of the devices. As the sensors are powered by batteries, the lowest possible consumption is required to extend battery lifetime without compromising the WNCS control performance. Recently, there has been great interest in the development of IoT-based NCSs. This new type of architecture in which control systems are integrated with IoT-based infrastructures represents the next evolution of networked control architectures. Even though this idea enables a whole range of novel functionalities, feedback control design and architectures for IoT imposes significant challenges that have not been addressed yet. This book compiles the last theoretical and experimental results in the topics of NCSs and WNCSs and starts discussing the last trend of IoT-based NCSs. The book focuses on presenting the research challenges within these topics and the last advances to enable their application in the industry.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-105-5
ISBN: 978-1-53613-106-2

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Advances in Materials Science Research. Volume 32

Editors: Maryann C. Wythers

Series: Advances in Materials Science Research

Publication Date: 2018 - February

Book Description:
Advances in Materials Science Research. Volume 32 provides an overview on graphene oxide and discusses its role as a starting material building block in the fabrication of either graphene oxide or graphene (reduced graphene oxide) based nanocomposites. Characterization of such nanocomposites by various techniques and their uses in electrode surface modifications for electrochemical sensing applications are discussed in detail. The authors discuss Tribolab, a materials tribology experiment that was flown on board the International Space Station from February 2008 to September 2009. The main objective of the experiment was the study of the behaviour of new solid lubricants (specifically, molybdenum disulphide MoS2 alloyed with tungsten carbide) under real space conditions. The authors discuss facsimiles, a reprint of an out-of-print book that represents an identical reproduction of the original, aiming to establish which non-invasive methods give the instructions for preparing the proper facsimile. Later, an innovative, rapid sol-gel method for producing bioglass and bioceramic nanopowder is developed to produce pure amorphous bioglasses from a quaternary system containing sodium. This is 200 times quicker in comparison to conventional aqueous sol-gel bioglass preparation, and 100 times quicker than standard sol-gel bioceramic methods. Arylboronic acids are also explored for their applications in organic synthesis, catalysis, supramolecular chemistry, biology, medicine and material engineering. They can form different supramolecular systems via both covalent as well as hydrogen bonds.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-329-5
ISBN: 978-1-53613-330-1

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Fundamentals of Fuel Injection and Emission in Two-Stroke Engines

Author: Wladyslaw Mitianiec (Institute of Automobiles and Internal Combustion Engines, Cracow University of Technology, Cracow, Poland)

Series: Mechanical Engineering Theory and Applications

Publication Date: 2018 - 1st Quarter

Book Description:
The main goal of the book is the presentation of the last theoretical and experimental works concerning fuel injection systems, mainly in small power two-stroke engines as well as in marine engines.
This book includes thirteen chapters devoted to the processes of fuel injection and the combustion that takes place in a stratified charge within the cylinders of two-stroke engines. In the first two chapters, the division into different injection systems in two-stroke engines and each injection system is briefly described. Various theoretical and practical solutions of fueling system designs are described. In Chapter Three, mathematical models, the spatial movement of gas in the cylinder and the combustion chamber are introduced, taking into account the turbulence of the charge. Chapter Four relates to the behavior of fuel injected into the gaseous medium, including evaporation processes, disintegration and processes occurring while the fuel drops connect with the wall. The next section describes the zero-dimensional model of fuel injection in two-stroke engines along with examples of numerical calculations. The sixth chapter is devoted to CFD multi-dimensional models of movement and evaporation of the fuel in a closed gaseous medium, occurring also in other engine types. Chapter Seven describes a two-zone model of the combustion process and the effect of the geometry of the combustion chamber on the flame propagation with a simplified verification model of combustion. Chapter Eight compares the propagation phase of gas and liquid fuels concerning direct fuel injection as well as the direct fuel injection from the cylinder head and the thermodynamic parameters of the charge. The formation of the components during the combustion process in the direct fuel injection two-stroke engine was obtained by numerical calculations and results are discussed in Chapter Nine. Chapter Ten describes the parameters of the two-stroke engine with a direct fuel injection carried out at the Cracow University of Technology. Additionally, the chapter presents CFD simulations of fuel propagation and combustion processes, taking into account the formation of toxic components and exhaust gas emission. The processes of two direct rich mixture injection systems – FAST and RMIS – developed in CUT are presented in Chapter Eleven. Miscellaneous problems of direct fuel injection, such as characteristics of fuel injectors, problems of direct gaseous fuel injection, and the application of fuelling systems in outboard engines and snowmobile vehicles are presented in Chapter Twelve. A comparison of working parameters in two- and four stroke engines is also mapped out. The last chapters contain the final conclusions and remarks concerning fuel injection and emission of exhaust gases in small two-stroke engines.
This book is a comprehensive monograph on fuel injection. The author presents a series of theoretical and design information from his own experience and on the basis of the works of other authors. The main text intends to direct fuel injection with respect to gas motion in the combustion chamber and influence the injection parameters for exhaust emission. The book presents its own theoretical work and experimental tests concerning a two-stroke gasoline engine with electrically controlled direct fuel injection. The book describes the processes of a general nature also occurring in other types of engines and presents a comparison of different injection systems on working parameters and gas emission. The book contains 294 images, 290 equations and 16 tables obtained from the CFD simulation and experimental works.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-472-9
ISBN: 978-1-53612-941-0

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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The Handbook of Food Microbiological Analytical Methods

Author: Ismail Mohamed Al Bulushi, Ph.D. (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman)

Series: Microbiology Research Advances

Publication Date: 2018 - 1st Quarter

Book Description:
THE Handbook of Food Microbiological Analytical Methods includes 31 topics and experiments distributed throughout five chapters, namely basic microbial skills, the enumeration of different microorganisms in foods, identification techniques and determination of microbial activities. Besides, the handbook includes useful sources in food microbial analyses such as the Food Microbiology E-sources and the primers for identification of common microbial pathogens. This handbook aims to provide and develop concerning food microbial skills in the users with simple steps to follow along with the theoretical explanation for better understanding.
The uniqueness of this handbook includes topics that are rarely addressed in current food microbiology manuals and handbooks such as the enumeration of special bacterial groups such as marine and Gram-positive bacteria, introducing: A selective medium for enumeration of Gram-positive bacteria from marine sources for the first time; a technique for bacterial colonies randomization; a technique for recovery of injured/stressed bacteria; techniques to study bacterial potential such as spoiling foods; a technique that forms biogenic amines; and the production of antimicrobial activity and providing the specific specie primer pairs for common pathogens.
The principles and procedures of some routinely used identification techniques – namely vitek, sequencing of 16S rRNA gene and specific genus and specie primers for bacterial identification – are provided with simple procedures. Enumeration and identification techniques of common pathogens and spoilers, namely Staphylococcus aureus, Enterobacteriaceae, Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp., Listeria monocytogenes, Vibrio parahaemolyticu, Bacillus cereus and Shewanella putrefaciens enumeration and identification techniques are also covered. These techniques are based on the International Standards such as ISO and U.S. Food and Drug Administration Standards and the media’s manufacture instructions.
This handbook is needed to conduct microbial analyses to determine food microbial quality and safety, food hygienic status and the microbial potential to spoil food, lose food safety and produce antimicrobial activity. This handbook was prepared to be used by students and young researchers. Therefore, it can be used in the universities as a practical manual in biology, microbiology, food microbiology, food safety, and food hygiene courses, as well in food laboratories which determine food microbial safety and quality. It is expected that this handbook will be a good and practical guide for students and researchers as well.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-473-6
ISBN: 978-1-53612-742-3

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Microgrid Load Optimization Based on Generalized Demand Side Resources

Author: Yimin Zhou (Shenzhen Institutes Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China)

Series: Quality Control Engineering and Manufacturing

Publication Date: 2018 - 1st Quarter

Book Description:
The current power grid in China has a series of problems, such as aging infrastructure, the growing lack of resources, and the continued growth of energy demand and environmental pollution, which proposes new requirements for national grid construction.

The smart grid is the trend for the future development of the power grid. The smart grid emphasizes interaction with user information and energy. The user energy management system can adjust and optimize the charging and discharging of the energy storage device according to the user's dynamic real-time load. It can quickly and accurately predict power load, change user electricity consumption behavior through the price mechanism so as to achieve load shifting, energy conservation and improve power supply efficiency.

The distributed power system including renewable energies has quite a number of uncertainties, and electric usage behavior is random with a high degree of freedom, which is a complex system with multiple time scales and strong coupling. Therefore, how to effectively manage the uncertainty of the intermittent power, energy conversion equipment and the diversity of load variation are important problems which should be solved in the first place. Furthermore, under different operating conditions and constraints, to realize economic operation and reliable multi-power supply with a high degree unity is the key technical problem faced with energy management and optimization scheduling in the distributed grid.

This book investigates the individual load prediction and analyzes the power generation from renewable resources so as to optimize the configuration of the renewable energies and traditional grid. Based on the developed model and data from individual users, the load prediction of certain areas can be achieved so as to lower the difficulties of optimization and prediction, and enhance the precision accuracy and management levels. Power load prediction is based on comprehensibility, possibility and controllability such as control theories. The current resources can be effectively analyzed to optimize the renewable resources configuration and penetration, as well as the usage strategy of the user's electric appliances. It can reduce the dependence on traditional energy sources and ensure the energy generation capacity to follow the load variation tendency and improve the energy efficiency of the power system, its safety and its reliability, and to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and pollutants, which is beneficial for the construction of the smart grid.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-049-2
ISBN: 978-1-53613-050-8

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00


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The Diagnostics of Induction Motor Broken Rotor Bars on the Basis of the Electromotive Force Analysis

Authors: Mykhaylo V. Zagirnyak, Zhanna Iv. Romashykhina, and Andrii P. Kalinov (Kremenchuk Mykhailo Ostrohradskyi National University 20, Pershotravneva ul, Kremenchuk, Ukraine)

Series: Energy Science, Engineering and Technology

Publication Date: 2018 - 1st Quarter

Book Description:
Under the conditions of increased energy resources consumption, the researchers around the world face the problem of rational energy use. One of the ways to solve this problem consists of introducing energy saving technologies into the operation of electrotechnical and electromechanical devices. The operation of electric machines (EM) is very often accompanied by the occurrence of various damages. It results in increased energy consumption, untimely failure of electromechanical systems and, consequently, growth of material expenditure. Operation efficiency of electric equipment can be improved due to timely diagnostics of EM damages at early stages of their development. It is for this reason that research in diagnostics of EMs containing induction motors (IM) is of special interest nowadays.
Researchers succeeded in searching for efficient methods of IM diagnostics that are mostly suitable for particular conditions and modes of equipment operation. There are different methods for diagnostics of induction motor broken rotor bars. However, the analysis of conventional diagnostics methods revealed that most of them require the removal of the induction motor from the operation process and its disassembling. Presently, such methods of IM broken rotor bars diagnostics in operation modes such as methods of currents spectral analysis, the analysis of zero-phase sequence voltages, and the analysis of external magnetic field parameters are known. Nevertheless, these methods do not provide satisfactory results during diagnostics under a no-load condition and do not take into account that low-quality voltage of the supply network and the fluctuation of load level influence the diagnostic results. Besides, the results of the Fourier transform of current signals does not allow for unambiguous identification of the number and relative position of IM broken rotor bars. Hence, the development of the method for diagnostics of IM broken rotor bars is a topical scientific and applied problem.
A method for diagnostics of IM broken rotor bars on the basis of the analysis of electromotive force (EMF) in the stator windings is presented in the monograph. To research IM as a diagnostics object, the circuit mathematical models and those related to the final element method have been developed. The efficiency of the use of the wavelet analysis of the EMF signal in the stator windings under IM self-running-out condition has been demonstrated. A method for EMF signal decomposition with the use reverse z-transform theory has been proposed to improve the reliability of damaged diagnostics.
The presented monograph contains theoretical and experimental research that made it possible to solve the topical scientific problem of improving the efficiency of IM broken rotor bars with the use of the signal of electromotive force wavelet analysis in the stator windings under the motor self-running-out condition.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-683-9
ISBN: 978-1-53612-684-6

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Advances in Engineering Research. Volume 19

Editor: Victoria M. Petrova

Series: Advances in Engineering Research

Publication Date: 2018 - 1st Quarter

Book Description:
In the opening chapter, Moustafa M. Kurdi, PhD addresses the simulation of the navigation of a heterogeneous group of robots, an unmanned ground vehicle, an unmanned aerial vehicle through GPS, and digital map and image processing using the probabilistic roadmap method. In the second chapter by Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Margherita Russo, Antonio Buda, Luigi Carioti, Aurelio Crespantini, Bruno Porcari, Antonio Leo, Giuseppe Silvestri, Alberto Cacciola, Antonino Naro, and Placido Bramanti, the technological advances made regarding the use of robotic devises in physical therapy are addressed. Following this, the writers provide an overview of the most up-and-coming devices for neurological gait rehabilitation and discuss virtual reality. Next, the new industrial revolution commonly referred to as “Industry 4.0” is discussed in the third chapter by Eduardo Cardoso Moraes. The technologies involved and their possible impacts are also discussed. In the fourth chapter, Yuo-Tern Tsai presents a study encompassing a systematic method of fault diagnosis based on function elements in order to aid in fault identification, in hopes that the results may be useful in planning diagnosis action for a system. Kenneth A. Lachlan, Adam Rainear, Patric R. Spence, Joshua Fishlock, Bryan Vanco, and Zhan Xu showcase an experiment that compared robot delivery and audience involvement by evaluating in terms of risk assessment, negative affect, and impressions of associated organizations in the fifth chapter. In the sixth chapter, Abdul Khaliq and Samsher Singh examine a conceptual gas turbine cycle subjected to absorption inlet cooling and evaporative after cooling of the compressed air in an effort to make the turbine insensitive to seasonal temperature fluctuations. In the seventh chapter, Gergana G. Nestorova, PhD deliberates on the conception of lab-on-a-chip systems with integrated miniaturized thermoelectric sensors and their potential uses for detection of chemical/biological events. In the eighth chapter, Carlos A. R. Soares, Márcio S. Costa, and Jorge L. M. Amaral demonstrate the top three open standards for wireless industrial networks (WIA-PA, ISA100.11a and WirelessHART) while also elaborating on several problems raised by their implementation in real world application. In the last chapter, Carmen A. Carabali, Jose Aguilar, and Chávez Danilo point out and elaborate on how a smart environment should be able to decipher aberrations in the people within it and thus provide effectual resolutions with peak resource management.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-605-1
ISBN: 978-1-53612-606-8

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Electrical Measurements: Introduction, Concepts and Applications

Editor: Manuel Pedro Fernandes Graça (Physics Department & I3N, University Of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, Aveiro, Portugal)

Series: Electrical Engineering Developments

Publication Date: 2018 - 1st Quarter

Book Description:
This book, which is divided into twelve chapters, aims to present the reader with an introduction to the electrical characterization of materials, specifically solid materials. In this book, the reader will find both theoretical and experimental concepts of some methods that can be used to know and understand physically the electrical response of different materials.
In this project, a theoretical scan is made of several experimental techniques that characterize materials at the level of dc and ac conductivity. In ac conductivity, several approaches are presented from techniques in the low frequency regime (i.e., in the range of the radio frequencies) up to the regime of higher frequencies (i.e., in the range of microwaves). An introductory analysis of dielectric relaxation phenomena through the impedance spectroscopy as well as the phenomena of thermally stimulated polarization and depolarization are discussed.
In preparing this book, each contributor was asked to present in the end of each chapter a small, but specific case study, with the purpose of facilitating the transposition of the methods and theories presented for a real case. This approach is a valuable part of this book, which includes analyses of different types of materials with structures, forms and electrical responses, from glasses, ceramics, and biomaterials to photoactive materials with potential use in photovoltaic cells. (

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-973-1
ISBN: 978-1-53612-974-8

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Advances in Engineering Research. Volume 20

Editor: Victoria M. Petrova

Series: Advances in Engineering Research

Publication Date: 2018 - 1st Quarter

Book Description:
Advances in Engineering Research. Volume 20 begins by analyzing the extraction and separation protocols documented for the saponins from family caryophyllaceae during the period 1967-2014. Analyses of applied extraction and separation protocols of saponins were carried out to determine the most practiced protocols in the study period and to identify eventual trends between protocols, plant material and structural traits of saponins. Next, the authors discuss a 2-D analytical modeling and simulation of Permanent Magnet Induction Generator which is used widely in renewable energy sources such as wind turbines, micro–hydro plants, and geothermal plants. The aim of the integrated spatial technology is discussed, and identified by the authors as, “to combine remote sensing, geographical information systems and life cycle assessment, to ascertain the component or system within the agricultural production cycle, generating the most greenhouse gases.” The book goes on to discuss the entropy concept as it is applied to uncertainty analysis of systems whose services can be presented by random events. Next, the authors report on a thermo-fluid-dynamic analysis of the internal and external flowfield for a general aviation airplane nacelle, equipped with a small pusher turbine engine, with the purpose of determining the thermal field on the nacelle surface. This compilation attempts to identify the possible performance bottlenecks in the integration solution which deals with the UNIJUÍ University process of re-enrollment, so that they can be minimized before the solution implementation. Lastly, integration approaches and integration platforms available in the Cloud are reviewed, demonstrating the use of an integration platform by means of a case of study for a research outcomes and technological information management integration problem.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-991-5
ISBN: 978-1-53612-992-2

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Advances in Nanotechnology. Volume 21

Editors: Zacharie Bartul and Jérôme Trenor

Series: Advances in Nanotechnology

Publication Date: 2018 - 1st Quarter

Book Description:
In this compilation, the authors discuss a synergistic enhancement of electron and thermal conductivities of epoxy-based composites (CMs) with different hybrid fillers. Their investigation shows an increase of the thermal conductivity as compared to CMs with a single carbon filler. This increase is more pronounced for GNPs/BN fillers. However, the role of an interface thermal resistance is still dominant in the determination of the thermal conductivity of investigated epoxy composites. A subsequent chapter aims to present an overview of noteworthy functionalised materials that have been produced in recent years, in order to act as a guide for the future design of more efficient adsorbent materials. The authors also provide a review which could pave the way for the potential use of nanotechnology in the treatment of skin diseases. The potential implication of the nanotechnology-based cosmeceuticals could be significant and is warranted to be evaluated in long-term in vivo and clinical studies. Next, a transparent and flexible crystalline polymer nanohybrid was fabricated, containing well-dispersed magnetic nanoparticles with organic chain-modified surfaces. The partially fluorinated copolymer matrix used is composed of switchboard-type lamellae. These become transparent owing to the creation of high-density amorphous regions on drawing the corresponding film at just below the polymer melting point. Lastly, the book investigates double-diffusive convection in unsteady nanofluid flow over a moving surface in a porous medium in the presence of a chemical reaction and subject to thermal radiation. This study includes the effects of Brownian motion and thermophoresis.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53613-202-1
ISBN: 978-1-53613-203-8

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Toyota: Production System, Safety Analysis and Future Directions

Author: Kakuro Amasaka (Aoyama Gakuin University, Tokyo, Japan)

Series: Manufacturing Technology Research

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
Toyota: Production System, Safety Analysis, and Future Directions explains the production methods and future trajectories for the Japanese car company through the strategic development of Toyota's automobile manufacturing both in Japan and overseas as follows:

Part I gives an overview of the book based on the Toyota Production System (TPS), its advanced production management principles and its aim to create the simultaneous realization of quality and productivity via process control and process improvement, with priority given to the customer.
In Chapter One, the author describes the outline of the characteristic, aim, and validity" of this book. Chapter Two focuses on the progress and fundamentals of TPS in terms of the just in time (JIT) principle and automobile manufacturing technology, which has contributed to the simultaneous achievement of QCD at Toyota. In Chapter Three, the author asserts the necessity for the evolution of manufacturing in order to deal with the management issues currently facing Japanese manufacturers. Therefore, in this chapter, the author establishes an advanced TPS and its effectiveness of strategic development, surpassing JIT. In Chapter Four, the author develops an advanced TPS for an automobile manufacturing strategy to expand this strategy throughout Japan and overseas.
Safety Analysis to Strengthen Toyota Automobile Manufacturing is the topic of Part II. Today's management challenge is to provide excellent QCD products ahead of competitors through market creating activities. In the implementation stage, strategic QCD studies are needed to strengthen core technologies, and to have them mutually linked as a whole. Therefore, the author develops the safety analysis utilizing a statistical science known as the Science of SQC: The New Quality Control Principle for the strengthening of the business and manufacturing processes.
Chapters Five and Seven discuss and demonstrate the effectiveness of the following as the driving force in developing advanced TPS: Realizing high quality manufacturing, strengthening new manufacturing management technology and creating an SCM strategy for developing QCD studies of Japan and overseas.
In Part III, the author discusses and demonstrates the future directions for Toyota's manufacturing strategy. Focusing on a concrete target, the author reconsiders new management tasks foreseen for the advanced manufacturing companies, shifting to expanding global production. Based on the focus of Parts I and II, the author asserts the profitability (justification and validity) for re-progress in automobile manufacturing in order to deal with the management issues currently facing Japanese manufacturers.
In Chapter Eight, as an oversea production strategy, the author propagates an "expanding new integrated production model" to developing countries and discusses the necessity for the global deployment. In Chapter Nine, the author shows and demonstrates the effectiveness of new production progress for re-strengthening global production. In Chapter Ten, the author provides an overall conclusion of the topics covered in this book.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-571-9
ISBN: 978-1-53612-591-7

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00


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Slope Stability and Reliability Analysis

Author: Yung Ming Cheng (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong)

Series: Mechanical Engineering Theory and Applications

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
Slope stability is always a very important topic in many developed and highly congested cities, particularly for many cities in China where slope failures have killed many people with significant loss of properties. The author has also participated in different types of slope stability research and consultancy works in different countries, and has published two books entitled “Soil Slope stability analysis and stabilization – new methods and insights” and “Frontier in civil engineering, vol.1, Stability analysis of geotechnical structures” which are well favoured by many students, engineers and researchers. The author also frequently receives email about the details of the more innovative slope stability analysis methods, stabilization and monitoring system, as well as the procedures in the numerical implementation of some of the stability analysis methods. In views of the various improvements in the theory of slope stability analysis over the years, the author would like to write a new book on slope stability analysis and slope reliability analysis, and the new materials will be useful to both students, engineers as well as researchers.
In this book, different methods of slope stability analysis will be discussed in a broad sense. Following that, the limit equilibrium and finite element methods will be discussed in more details, as these two methods are the methods commonly used for practical works. Detailed procedures for limit equilibrium analysis will be provided to aid the students in learning, while the program SLOPE2000 will be introduced for the solution of more complicated problems. Some interesting engineering cases will be illustrated in this book. The author will also try to introduce the use of distinct element slope stability method, which is a technique still far from practical applications, but it does offer some insights which are not possible with the other methods. Following that, the author will introduce the importance of reliability slope stability analysis, which is an important issue for cities with complicated ground conditions and high water table. Due to the intensive computation required for reliability analysis, the author has proposed many improvements to various reliability assessment methods in order to maintain a balance between accuracy and time of computation.
The central core of SLOPE 2000 and SLOPE 3D for two-dimensional and three-dimensional slope stability analysis as introduced in this book are developed mainly by the author, while there are many research personnel who have helped in various works associated with the research works. The authors would like to thank Yip C.J., Wei W.B., Li N., Li L. Li D.Z. and Liu L.L. for the helps in preparing parts of the works and the preparation of some of the figures in this book.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-935-9
ISBN: 978-1-53612-936-6

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Mitigating Sulphate Attacks in Geotechnical Engineering

Authors: Amin Chegenizadeh, Ph.D., M.ASCE and Mahdi Keramatikerman, S.M.ASCE (Department of Civil Engineering, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia, Australia)

Series: Construction Materials and Engineering

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
A magnesium sulphate attack is one of the main issues that challenge civil engineering projects, in particular in coastal, landfill, and mining areas. This phenomenon reduces the stability of the structure and causes a complete failure for the system over time. Previous studies mainly focused on investigating the effects of magnesium sulphate attacks on concrete and from a structural point of view, and only a low number of studies investigated the effects of a magnesium sulphate attack on soil from a geotechnical point of view. The investigation on the effect of a magnesium sulphate attack is an important issue, particularly for stabilised soils that have a role in maintaining the integrity of foundations, slopes, embankments, etc. Portland cement (PC) is widely used in ground improvements and geotechnical engineering projects as an additive to improve the mechanical behavior of soil. However, PC is effective to improve the engineering characteristics of soil; it is weak when exposed to the magnesium sulphate concentration.

This book investigates the behavior of different soils when treated with PC and after exposure to magnesium sulphate contamination. Also, the effect of some abundant materials in the environment such as carbon in the mechanical behavior of stabilized soil has been investigated. The investigations have focused on shear strength and unconfined compressive strength (UCS) as two main important characteristics of stabilized soils, and they investigate their relevant characteristics. In this study, deep investigations have been conducted to figure out the behavior of the magnesium sulphate concentration soils. However, additional research and study is required to procure a clear understanding of the interactions of the stabilized soils with magnesium sulphate concentration.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-369-2
ISBN: 978-1-53612-478-1

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Turbochargers and Turbocharging: Advancements, Applications and Research

Editor: Evangelos G. Giakoumis (School of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece)

Series: Mechanical Engineering Theory and Applications

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
Supercharging has long been established as the most successful means to maximize power output from a specific engine size. Through supercharging, the inlet air density is increased, usually by means of a compressor, and by doing so the amount of air trapped in the cylinders is increased accordingly. As a result, efficient burning of a proportionately higher amount of fuel is enabled.
By far, the most successful version of supercharging is turbocharging. Here, the expansion in a turbine of the exhaust gases leaving the cylinders supplies the power needed to drive the compressor. At the moment, practically all diesel engines are turbocharged, with a continuously increasing penetration in the highly competitive market of SI-powered vehicles.
The current book on turbochargers and turbocharging, comprising fifteen chapters, gathers important and novel research on many modern aspects of turbocharging for all kinds of gasoline and diesel-powered engine applications (automotive, marine and aircraft). For example, characterization of the value proposition of turbocharged vehicles, marine engines turbo-compounding, fundamental issues of turbocharger lag and its relation with engine-out PM emissions, variable geometry compressors, automotive two-stage turbocharging, and dynamic operation of turbochargers including VGT and surging effects are amongst the topics analyzed.
Review papers form a very important part of the book, namely the discussion and in-depth analysis of various automotive boosting systems, turbocharger reduced-order modeling, heat transfer and pulsating flows in turbomachinery, mathematical models for turbocharged engines, and turbomachine-based engine throttling.
A considerable portion of the book (seven chapters) deals with control-oriented modeling techniques relating to the turbocharger and/or the whole engine power-plant. Such models have proven valuable during the design of both turbochargers and turbocharged engines, and are described and discussed in detail for a variety of automotive and aircraft applications.
The target audience of this book includes post-graduate students, engineers and researchers in the field of internal combustion engines (diesel and SI) and turbochargers.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-239-8
ISBN: 978-1-53612-255-8

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Steam Generators: Design, Types and Applications

Editor: Clayson Schellenberg

Series: Energy Science, Engineering and Technology

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
In chapter one, Alexander V. Beznosov, Ph.D, Tatyana A. Bokova, Ph.D, and Pavel A. Bokov, Ph.D examine the possible development of novel fast-neutron reactors with increased effectiveness and safety operation indicators, cooled with heavy liquid metal coolants. In chapter two, Adelaida Mihaela Duinea presents and elaborates upon a study for the application of steam generators in modeling and simulation of their operation in steady and dynamic regime in power plants. Finally, Dumitra Lucan assesses corrosion performance of the CANDU steam generator tubesheet and tubing materials at the normal secondary circuit parameters in chapter three.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-510-8
ISBN: 978-1-53612-536-8

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Smart Grids: Emerging Technologies, Challenges and Future Directions

Editor: Jonathan Lou

Series: Energy Science, Engineering and Technology

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
Smart Grids: Emerging Technologies, Challenges and Future Directions opens with a chapter discussing a solution for Non-Technical Losses rooted in Big Data Analytics and High Performance Computing. The suggested HPDA system is based on a Rule Based Expert System (RBES) in conjunction with statistical analysis and text mining for detection of NTLs in the power distribution and retailer databases, all of them in real-time. Following this, the authors discuss a solution rooted in Web Service Mining to reduce the response time for Smart Grid infrastructures. Additionally, the suggested solution establishes an automatic method to integrate new and old systems in the same infrastructure, taking advantage of all of them, and without any investment in their adaptation. The scalability of different advanced metering infrastructures is examined in order to propose a scalable hybrid AMI architecture, after which a project which could allow smart devices to identify each other in order to reconnect in case of failure is presented. With this project, new levels of standardisation of languages, protocols, and new interconnection functions will be required.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-803-1
ISBN: 978-1-53612-804-8

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Focus on Swarm Intelligence Research and Applications

Editors: Bachir Benhala (University of Moulay Ismail, Faculty of Sciences, Meknes - Morocco), Pedro Pereira (FCT NOVA, Portugal), and Amin Sallem(LETI-ENIS, University of Sfax, Tunisia)

Series: Computer Science, Technology and Applications

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
Swarm intelligence techniques are among the most talented and successful approaches that gained a lot of popularity over the past two decades. They are inspired by animal behavior (such as ants, termites and bees) and insect conduct (by swarm, herd, flock and shoal phenomena) in order to develop these techniques in terms of mimicking their problem/solution abilities. These techniques provide good approximate solutions in a reasonable time for solving hard and complex problems in many engineering fields. This book is intended for researchers, engineers and graduate students with interests in swarm intelligence algorithms and their applications. It discusses and describes the various swarm intelligence techniques as useful tools for solving practical problems, such as urban traffic optimization, electrical engineering problems and the design of integrated analog circuits.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-452-1
ISBN: 978-1-53612-453-8

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Road Traffic and Safety

Editors: Amit Agrawal and Geetha R. Menon (Department of Neurosurgery, Narayana Medical Hospital and College, Pradesh, India)

Series: Transportation Issues, Policies and R&D
Safety and Risk in Society

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
Road space is shared by multiple vehicles (i.e. cars, taxis, buses, trucks, motorcycles, and mopeds), pedestrians, animals and many other categories of travelers. Easy availability of motor vehicles and advancements in their technology has made road travel easy; on the other hand, this has also resulted in a significant increase in the number of motor vehicle related injuries. Road traffic related injuries remain an important public health problem globally. It has been estimated that approximately 1.25 million people succumb to road traffic injuries annually worldwide, and between 20 and 50 million people sustain non-fatal injuries. It is a cause of great concern that 59% of the severely injured population is young adults aged between the age of 15 and 44 years. At present, globally road traffic injuries are ranked as the eighth leading cause of mortality, and if the current trends continues, it is expected to be the seventh leading cause of mortality at the global level by 2030.
Road traffic safety is one of the most significant concerns of the United Nations and a 5-tiered approach has been proposed to combat traffic accidents and fatalities. This includes improvements in health care services focusing on injury care, road safety management, road network safety, vehicular safety, and implementation of road safety legislation. Changes in practices like speed control, use of seatbelts and helmets, respecting traffic signals and signs, avoiding drunken driving (or use of drugs), following traffic rules (lane driving) and avoiding mobile phones while driving are some of the behavioral changes that can bring about a significant reduction in the number of road traffic related injuries.
The present book consists of fifteen chapters related to various aspects concerning road traffic and safety, including epidemiology of road traffic injuries, occupant protection and safety devices, risk factors, a manual of safety measures, road safety in hilly terrain and conflict zones, prevention of head injuries, the role of alcohol and bicycle related injuries. The authors hope that the book shall help the readers to get an overview of various aspects related to global road traffic and safety.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-489-7
ISBN: 978-1-53612-497-2

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00


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Direct Methanol Fuel Cells: Applications, Performance and Technology

Editors: Rose Hernandez and Caryl Dunning

Series: Energy Science, Engineering and Technology

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
In Chapter One, L. Khotseng provides an overview of the recent advances in electrocatalysts for direct methanol fuel cells for both anode and cathode catalysts in order to present direct methanol fuel cells as an alternative power source for portable devices. In Chapter Two, Nobuyoshi Nakagawa, Mohammad Ali Abdelkareem, Takuya Tsujiguchi, and Mohd Shahbudin Masdar propose a fuel supply layer using a porous carbon plate (PCP) for DMFCs allowing for the use of high methanol concentrations. The proposed layer is comprised of a thin PCP layer, as well as a gap layer that has a mechanism to supply the methanol as a vapor. Next, Chapter Three by D.S. Falcão, J. P. Pereira, and A.M.F.R. Pinto review the multiphase flow in fuel cells modeling approaches while also reviewing the flow visualization techniques for flow analysis in fuel cells. Chapter Four by B.A. Braz, V.B. Oliveira, and A.M.F.R. Pinto closes the book by discussing the key work that has been done to improve the passive DMFC performance and providing a review on the most recent developments in passive DMFCs.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-603-7
ISBN: 978-1-53612-604-4

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Biogas: Production, Applications and Global Developments

Editors: Agostino Vico and Nicolò Artemio

Series: Energy Science, Engineering and Technology

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
In Chapter One, Antonio Colmenar-Santos, Enrique Rosales-Asensio, David Borge-Diez, and Manuel Castro-Gil present an overview of current research on equitable alternatives for recently constructed concentrated solar power plants in Spain. Next, Chapter Two by Dian Andriani, Arini Wresta, Arifin Santosa, and Kusnadi discusses the idea that various raw materials can be used for biogas production. Additionally, the authors discuss modern biogas production technologies. In Chapter Three, Caroline Borges Agustini and Mariliz Gutterres provide a review on the significance of biogas production in conjunction with its characteristics and handling problems. Following this, the authors go on to review current microorganism identification techniques as well as crop optimization techniques. In Chapter Five, Sina Gilassi, Seyed Mohammad Taghavi, Serge Kaliaguine, and Denis Rodrigue suggest commercial polymer hollow fibers could be used to improve separation efficiency and CH4 purity in biogas production. Afterwards, Chapter Six by Spyridon Achina and Vasileios Achinas deliberates on the physicochemical properties of biogas and the need for further research on the subject. In Chapter Seven, Kevin N. Nwaigwe, Uchenna C. Egbufor, Sabbas N. Asoegwu, and Christopher C. Enweremadu propose water hyacinth as a substrate for biogas production. Chapter Eight by Preseela Satpathy, PhD examines recent trends in biogas technology advancements. Next, Chapter Nine by Caroline Borges Agustini and Mariliz Gutterres explores the anaerobic process characteristics of anaerobic digestion, as well as its efficiency. In Chapter Ten, Mohamed Habib Sellami exhibits a modeling approach designed to hypothesize the performance, impact, and profitability of systems cogenerating energy from released biogas. In conclusion, Chapter Eleven by K. N. Nwaigwe, E. E. Anyanwu and C. C. Enweremadu presents a synopsis on bioreactor technology development trends.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-787-4
ISBN: 978-1-53612-788-1

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


Cover

Concrete and Concrete Structures: A Review and Directions for Research

Editors: Dorian Thomas and Pascal Vivien

Series: Construction Materials and Engineering

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
Concrete and Concrete Structures: A Review and Directions for Research opens with a chapter by Juan M. Moro, Romina S. Meneses, and Néstor F. Ortega presenting research on recycled concrete in an effort to improve durability. Next, Germán D. Ercolani, Néstor F. Ortega, and Daniel H. Felix examine different methods of crack detection to determine the best course of repair. Rina (Irina) Wasserman discusses a study on alkali-solutions-caused changes in cement pastes and concretes, after which Romina S. Meneses, Juan M. Moro, and Néstor F. Ortega deliberate on research on corrosion in structural elements of reinforced concrete exposed to flexion. Following this, Alireza Joshaghani explores the durability of concrete prepared with sugarcane bagasse ash. Behrouz Behnam investigates the post-earthquake fire resistance of reinforced concrete structures. Continuing, Néstor F. Ortega exhibits results of a study focusing on the performance of reinforced concrete beams exposed to accelerated corrosion. In closing, Alireza Joshaghani studies self-compacting concrete mixtures by using blended binders comprised of sugarcane bagasse ash and rice husk ash.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-795-9
ISBN: 978-1-53612-796-6

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00


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Printed Electronics: Technologies, Applications and Challenges

Editors: Kylian Yvon and Nathan Fabrice

Series: Manufacturing Technology Research

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
In the first chapter, Urška Vrabiè Brodnjak, PhD, Deja Muck, PhD, Helena Gabrijelèiè Tomc, PhD, and Igor Karlovits, PhD provide a review of the many facets of printed smart labels in packaging, including the categorization, materials, techniques, environmental impacts, applications, and future trends. In the second chapter, Maja Klanènik, PhD, Helena Gabrijelèiè Tomc, PhD, Diana Gregor Svetec, PhD, Marica Starešiniè PhD, and Tatjana Rijavec, PhD give an overview of electrically conductive materials, fibers, inks, and printing solutions. In the third and final chapter, Umit Y. Ogras, Ujjwal Gupta, Jaehyun Park, and Ganapati Bhat compare FHE systems-on-polymer with traditional systems-on-chip.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-797-3
ISBN: 978-1-53612-798-0

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00