Chemistry
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Vitamin-Dependent Multienzyme Complexes of 2-Oxo Acid Dehydrogenases: Structure, Function, Regulation and Medical Implications

Author: Victoria Bunik (Principal Investigator of Belozersky Institute of Physicochemical Biology and Associate Professor of Faculty of Bioengineering and Bioinformatics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Series: Biochemistry Research Trends

Publication Date: 2017 - 3rd Quarter

Book Description:
This book summarizes current data on the architecture, structure-function relationships, reaction mechanisms and active site coupling in multienzyme complexes of 2-oxo acid dehydrogenases. Special focus concerns the mechanisms of function and regulation of a multienzyme structure, additional to those inherent in its component enzymes. The overall physiological process of 2-oxo acid oxidative decarboxylation and the substrate specificity determinants are considered along with side reactions of regulatory significance, such as non-oxidative reactions, formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and complex-bound thiyl radicals. The significance of the chemical interplay between the complex-bound dihydrolipoate intermediate, thioredoxin or thioredoxin-like proteins, and peroxiredoxins for sensing metabolic state and adjusting the catalysis accordingly, is considered. Other mechanisms involved in the short- and long-term regulation of 2-oxo acid dehydrogenase complexes are summarized in view of their relevance to physiological functions. Metabolic regulation by natural effectors of 2-oxo acid dehydrogenase complexes and their synthetic analogues is considered. The medical implications of enzymological knowledge on the complexes are also presented.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-166-7
ISBN: 978-1-53612-188-9

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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The Kinetics of Binary Metal Hydride Decomposition

Authors: Igor E. Gabis, Ph.D. and Ilia A. Chernov, Ph.D. (Saint-Petersburg State University, Institute of Applied Math Research of KRC RAS)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017 - 3rd Quarter

Book Description:
From the point of view of hydrogen, desorption metal hydrides are extremely complex and interesting. Various metal hydrides differ so much, range in terms of decomposition temperatures and pressures and look like materials from separate classes. Many research articles are devoted to metal hydrides; many of them study the kinetics of dehydriding. However, there is still no complete understanding of the processes that govern kinetics. The reason is for the high number of factors that influence the rate of hydride decomposition and hydrogen desorption. First of all, properties of metal hydrides are diverse. The number of hydride phases, decomposition rates and ranges of absorbed energy are very different. The rates of hydrogen desorption, diffusion and phase transition also can influence the kinetics of dehydriding.

The aim of this book is to summarise the authors’ research of dehydriding kinetics with electronic structures of the materials taken into account, and to determine which elementary processes influence the decomposition rates. The book is not a reference guide on the dehydriding rates of constants. Even more so, in order to keep the subject as simple as possible, the authors restrict the discussion only to binary hydrides when talking about basic dehydriding laws. It is possible, however, that ternary and more complex hydrides have their own unique properties.

The authors describe experimental results through physically clear and well studied processes, such as desorption, diffusion, reaction of hydride decomposition, etc. as well as by using conservation laws. On the other hand, describing the entire process in the most general way, taking into account all of the possible reactions and excluding some on the grounds of experimental results, also seems unsound. The authors believe that complexity of models must be comparable to that of experimental data; additional factors should be taken into account only in order to improve poor fitting.

The following factors seem the most important: Electronic properties of the hydride (type of bonding); phase morphology; incubation and nucleation; physically reasonable elementary processes mentioned above (diffusion, adsorption and desorption, decomposition and formation of the hydride phase, etc.); and the variety of powder particles.

Over recent years, much effort has been made to activate the decomposition of magnesium and aluminium hydrides with the hope of finding appropriate materials for keeping hydrogen in solids aboard a vehicle. Most of the research dealt with mechanochemical activation (i.e., ball milling in the presence of catalysts, often in hydrogen). The choice of catalytic materials is not always logical; this was one more reason for systemizing the dehydriding kinetics. Naturally, activated materials must follow the general pattern of decomposing metal hydrides. A separate section is devoted to the activation of magnesium and aluminium hydrides; aside from mechanochemical, we also discuss the thermal and photoactivation of these materials.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53611-987-9
ISBN: 978-1-53612-010-3

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Transition and Inner Transition Elements and Their Complexes

Authors: Sandeep Kaur-Ghumaan, Ayyamperumal Sakthivel, Dhanraj T. Masram, and Malaichamy Sathiyendiran (Dept. of Chemistry, Univ. of Delhi, Delhi, India)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
The book focuses on the principles of electronic and magnetic properties of transition and inner transition metal ions/complexes. It is one of the essential and fundamental topics for graduate and undergraduate students, and it is also important for researchers. The book also covers basic concepts of symmetry in orbital, point group, spectroscopic terms and energy level diagrams. Crystal field, ligand field and molecular orbital theory (along with their importance in spectra) are elaborated. Further magnetic properties of transition metal ions/complexes as well as their spin and orbital contributions have been described in this book.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53610-914-6
ISBN: 978-1-53610-926-9

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Knowledge, Technology and Applications of Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) in the Food Industry

Authors: Qian Lu and Yaqiang He (Henan University of Technology, Zhengzhou, China)

Series: Food Science and Technology

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Due to recent studies, quinoa is regarded as a new food resource with great benefits for human beings. Due to its high value in nutrients, this kind of wheat is being exploited in the food industry as a new food resource. However, currently some questions relating to quinoa have been raised: (1) How to scientifically exploit and process quinoa? (2) What are the functional nutrients in quinoa? (3) What are the bottlenecks for quinoa processing? (4) How to eliminate or mitigate the technical bottlenecks for quinoa? Without answering these questions, the academic research and industrial application of quinoa would be negatively impacted.
This book reviews the history and culture associated with quinoa. The cultivation model and growth conditions of quinoa are discussed as well how to direct the technicians on farms to manage the quinoa cultivation. This book uses experimental data to describe how to use quinoa in food production. The strengths of quinoa will be summarized by the comparison between quinoa and other types of wheat. The processing technologies and potential solutions to current technical problems are also emphasized in this book. Both academic research and industrial applications are included in this book. This book could be used by technicians to cultivate quinoa and produce quinoa based food products as well as by the researchers to promote their research on active compounds in quinoa.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-079-0
ISBN: 978-1-53612-098-1

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Advances in Chemistry Research. Volume 39

Editor: James C. Taylor

Series: Advances in Chemistry Research

Publication Date: 2017 – 3rd Quarter

Book Description:
In Chapter One, the part gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) plays in the discovery and verification of PAEs in food and beverages is confronted by Francesa Serrano, Naiara Pardo-Mates, and Oscar Núñez. In Chapter Two, Joanna Cabaj and Jadwiga Sołoducho examine the recent advancements made in the electrochemical and optical sensors for the detection of catecholamines. Afterwards, Vladislav Yu. Vasilyev analyzes experimental data on ruthenium thin film deposition kinetics in Chapter Three. In Chapter Four, Li Fu discusses catechol, a natural polyphenolic compound that can be highly toxic and is frequently created through factory practices. In Chapter Five, Dinesh C. Bilehal, Mahadev C. Khetagoudar, and Mahadev B. Chetti present a study on Multi-residue GC-MS/MS chromatographic method that has proven useful in the confirmation of 47 multiclass pesticide residues in mango samples. Next, Chapter Six by Hiroshi Matsudam deliberates on the development of innovative nanocomposite ceramics sintered using conventional alumina powders and mixed with calcium stearate sintering additive. In Chapter Seven, Y. Kohzuki studies the interaction concerning a dislocation and numerous divalent impurities to try to determine whether the divalent ionic size is a vital factor for the deformation characteristics. In the final chapter, aromatic aldehydes are applied in a one-pot reaction with enolizable ketones, acetonitrile, and acetyl chloride in the presence of KHSO4 at room temperature to allow for resultant β-acetamido ketones in high yields. Farzin Rafizadeh and Farahnaz K. Behbahani present this study to show that this method is both efficient and ecofriendly.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-613-6
ISBN: 978-1-53612-613-6

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Food Security: Threat Factors, Policies and Challenges

Editor: Jonathan Webb

Series: Food Science and Technology

Publication Date: 2017 -3rd Quarter

Book Description:
The 20th century saw the most rapid and most dramatic agricultural transformation in human history. Science-based agriculture brought about many changes on the farm that transformed agriculture from subsistence to a more productive and profitable modern industrial based agriculture. Cassava is one of the main sources of world carbohydrate with Africa recognized as the highest producing continent and Nigeria as the highest producing country. Chapter One conducted an investigation in Nigeria to find out the variable inputs that affects the output of cassava farming households. Chapter Two assesses rural women’s level of use of information and communication technologies for food security information in the oil rich Niger Delta. Chapter Three explores the changing socio-economic environment of food production in Cameroon and its implications on food security. Chapter Four discusses the contribution of diaspora remittances to household food security in in Zimbabwe. Chapter Five focuses on rice food security in the Pearl River Delta of China, and demonstrates that the joint application of silicon and phosphorus fertilizers is an appropriate option to minimize arsenic accumulation in rice grain.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-248-0
ISBN: 978-1-53612-256-5

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00


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Gel Electrophoresis: Types, Applications and Research

Editor: Gilbert H. Mitchell

Series: Biochemistry Research Trends

Publication Date: 2017 -3rd Quarter

Book Description:
Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) is performed routinely in research and diagnostics. The lack of internal standards, however, has been very disadvantageous for PAGE methodologies in comparison to alternative separation techniques like chromatography. Chapter one discusses how comparative fluorescence gel electrophoresis (CoFGE) has the potential to change this situation. Chapter Two focuses on elucidating the properties of polyacrylamide gel matrixes, discussing the essential principles of discontinuous PAGE in technology, and summarizing the discontinuous buffer systems employed for the discontinuous PAGE in alkaline, neutral and acidic circumstances. Chapter Three discusses the need for the establishment of typical physiologic protein pattern for various avian patients. Chapter Four discusses constant field gel electrophoresis, a sensitive, rapid, economical and perspective method for detecting DNA double strand breaks and rejoining with high resolution.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-127-8
ISBN: 978-1-53612-153-7

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00


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Chemistry Research Summaries. Volume 18 (With Biographical Sketches)

Editor: Lucille Monaco Cacioppo

Series: Chemistry Research Summaries

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
This book is a compilation of research summaries from a number of different focuses in the field of chemistry research.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-964-9
ISBN: 978-1-53612-965-6

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Advances in Chemistry Research. Volume 41

Editor: James C. Taylor

Series: Advances in Chemistry Research

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
In this volume of Advances in Chemistry Research. Volume 41, the opening chapter proposes that the use of accessible N-alkyl-2-haloaldimines Me2C(Hlg)CH=NR1 (Hlg = Cl (1), Br (2)) in the imine version of the Pudovik reaction with acidic esters of phosphorus acids vastly extends its synthetic potential due to the fact that a primary addition or protonation product, having mobile single halogen atoms, can undergo spontaneous transformations as well as transformations involving other reagents. The authors go on to maintain that speedy detection and isolation of various lectin types is required for diagnosis and therapeutics, thus resulting in the development of an effective method of preparation of lectin specific nanogold (silver)-labeled colloidal, and cross-linked neoglycoconjugates, based on maleic anhydride copolymers. The authors go on to discuss the various methods available for the splitting of racemates into separate enantiomers, based mainly on stereoselective chromatographic analysis (HPLC, GC, CE, TLC, etc.) or on the classical method of separating the enantiomers by crystallization of their diastereomeric salts. Another chapter examines the biomimetic sol-gel synthesis of silicon-chitosan-containing glycerohydrogels with the use of silicon tetraglycerolate (precursor) and chitosan salts (templates), namely, chitosan acetate, lactate, ascorbate, hydrochloride, hydrochloride-ascorbate and hydrochloride-glycolate, as well as examining the effect of the concentrations of the precursor, chitosan salt and a low-molecular-weight accelerator, estimating the pH of the medium and temperature (4–80°C) of the sol-gel process on the gelation duration in multicomponent chitosan-containing systems. The authors propose an economically efficient and ecologically friendly means of plasmid DNA metallization, with the potential for the obtained plasmid to be investigated for vaccine adjuvant and antitumor agent properties. This volume also discusses the establishment of a linear regression, taking into account the errors in measurement of an explanatory (independent) variable. The authors suggest that the use of an error-independent “instrumental” variable correlated with the explanatory variable and inverse least-squares-based are two means for arriving at consistent parameter estimates.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-861-1
ISBN: 978-1-53612-862-8

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Solid-Phase Microextraction: Advances in Research and Applications

Editor: Warrane Verreau and Gill Baril

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
In Chapter One, the specific patterns and applications of microextraction techniques in bionalysis are reviewed. The various microextraction techniques can be classified into two rudimentary categories: solid-phase microextraction and liquid-phase microextraction, which are derived from conventional solid-phase extraction and liquid-liquid extraction, correspondingly. Next, an overview of the application of solid-phase microextraction in assessing target chemical families in different alcoholic beverages is provided. The results re-count the last 10 years of scientific publications, concentrating on the extraction conditions used for investigating different compounds in wines, beer and spirits according to the chemical families. Additionally, the authors discuss optimization strategies for achieving accurate quantification. Chapter Three presents research on solid phase microextraction its advantages. Since solid phase microextraction was presented in the early 1990s, there has been an increase in research on new methodical solutions in many research facilities around the world that could potentially increase use of this technique. In Chapter Four, modern uses of new sorbent coatings in solid-phase microextraction are analyzed. The combination of molecularly imprinted polymers with solid phase microextraction results in a possible technique for sample preparation, predominantly considering their described success in recent literature.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-829-1
ISBN: 978-1-53612-830-7

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Advances in Chemistry Research. Volume 40

Editor: James C. Taylor

Series: Advances in Chemistry Research

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
In Chapter One, Sergio Barbosa, Naiara Pardo-Mates, Lluis Puignou, and Oscar Núñez discuss the function of polyphenols and polyphenolic fingerprinting profiles to achieve the classification and verification of natural food products. Afterwards, Chapter Two by Judit Telegdi and László Tri provides cases for the combination of comonomers, as well as gives a thorough review on the application potentials of homo- and copolyesters used in the biomedical field. In Chapter Three, H. Buscail, C. Issartel, R. Rolland, F. Rabaste, S. Perrier, O. Poble, and F. Riffard explore water vapour’s influence on the growth stresses developed at high temperature in the oxide scale. Next, Chapter Four by Meng Guan Tay, Mee Hing Tiong, Kien Yung Teo, and Tze Pei Phan examines the synthesis and applications of chalcone compounds and its complexes, after which Hirokazu Suzuki reviews the cataclysmic mechanisms used by glycolytic enzymes in Chapter Five. In Chapter Six, Fernanda Cosme, Alice Vilela, and António M. Jordão provide an overview on the chemical characterization and quantification of tartaric acid in grapes and wines. Chapter Seven by Alina Kunicka-Styczyńska reviews experimental data she collected in the field of biological decomposition of L-malic acid in musts. In conclusion, Chapter Eight by Gabrielle Roveratti and Daniel Marcos Bonotto deliberates on results acquired for the application of a new procedure to increase the analytical capacity of instruments for analysis of rocks, minerals, ores, soils, and sediments.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-791-1
ISBN: 978-1-53612-792-8

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Advances in Materials Science Research. Volume 31

Editor: Maryann C. Wythers

Series: Advances in Materials Science Research

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
In the first chapter of this book, Yahong Liu, Kun Song, and Xiaopeng Zhao explore metamaterials such as nonlinear left-handed metamaterials, impedance-matched near-zero index metamaterials, chiral metamaterials, and metasurfaces. The second chapter by Anett Király and Ferenc Ronkay discusses processing methods of conductive polymer composites as well as their properties. Next, the third chapter by Xiaogang Chen and Shengnan Min provides a review on current knowledge on protective composite helmet shells reinforced by continuous textile structure. G. Mansoura, K. Tsongasa, and D. Tzetzisb determine an effective modal testing system to investigate dynamic mechanical properties of elastomeric composite materials in the fourth chapter. Continuing, the fifth chapter by Vineetha Vinayakumar, Sadasivan Shaji, David Avellaneda, and Bindu Krishnan, presents an overview on inorganic chalcogenide photovoltaics and their applications. In the sixth chapter, Mohammad K. Hossain, Mahmudur R. Chowdhury, MD, and Nydeia W. Bolden present a study and analysis on fiber reinforced polymeric composites. Afterwards, D. Luca Motoc, PhD discusses the properties of hybrid synthetic/natural reinforcements and challenges faced by material designers. In the eighth and final chapter, Anis Rahman, PhD and Aunik K Rahman propose the use of the kinetics spectrum for quantifying an impact-caused deformation event in layered materials used in Soldiers’ helmets.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-768-3
ISBN: 978-1-53612-769-0

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Ionic Liquids: Electrochemistry, Uses and Challenges

Editor: Bình Xuân

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
Chapter One by V. S. Protsenko , A. A. Kityk, L. S. Bobrova, D. A. Shaiderov, and F. I. Danilov examines the effect of water addition on some physicochemical properties of deep eutectic solvents through experimentation. In Chapter Two, Maria Rita Ortega Vega and Célia de Fraga Malfatti deliberate on ionic liquids electrochemical behavior for corrosion inhibition of different metals. In Chapter Three, Junpeng Li and Rui Wang present the process and mechanism of electrochemical synthesis of DMC in ionic liquids. Xinpeng Liu, Sen Qiao, and Rui Wang provide an overview of the applications of ionic liquids on the electrochemical reduction of CO2 in Chapter Four. In Chapter Five, Ola Lasekan, Somayeh Gholivand, Tan Chin Ping, Faridah Abas, Leong Sze Wei, and Megala Muniandy study the biocatalyst process for the esterification of dihydrocaffeic acid (DHCA) with different ionic liquids: 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis (trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazoliumhexafluorosphosphate, 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazoliumhexafluorosphosphate, 1-octyl-3-methyllidazoliumhexafluorosphosphate. In Chaper Six, Ola Lasekan continues with a study on predicting wine quality, with the suggestion that investors should further their knowledge on all aspects of winemaking. Finally, Ines Ben Hmad and Ali Gargouri review the advantages of ionic liquids n biorefinery processes in Chapter Seven.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-689-1
ISBN: 978-1-53612-690-7

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Cesium: Properties, Production and Applications

Editor: Brandt Hall

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
In the first chapter, Tatiana P. Pogrebnaya, Stanley F. Mwanga, and Alexander M. Pogrebnoi present a study where a diversity of molecular and ionic clusters of cesium halides was emphasized; structure and stability of the species were determined. In the second chapter, a variety of cesium corrosion tests were performed on the FBR fuel cladding materials to explore the corrosion behavior on FBR cladding materials. In the third chapter, present a study finding that salmonids are effective monitoring animals concerning contamination of the marine ecosystems. In the final chapter, Dylan J. Sures and May Nyman present an overview of existing radiocesium sequestration techniques along with a perspective on cesium in polyoxometalate model systems.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-547-4
ISBN: 978-1-53612-574-0

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Arsenic: Risks of Exposure, Behavior in the Environment and Toxicology

Editor: Ratko Kneževiæ

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
Arsenic (As) is one of the most toxic elements for plants, animal and humans, found in waters. It is considered as carcinogenic and causative agent of numerous human diseases by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC, group 1) since 1980. Based on these observations and evidences, many studies have highlighted the interest of using plants for the detection of arsenic in the environment. Arsenic sources and speciation, as well as arsenic uptake and toxicity in plants, will be reviewed in Chapter One. Chapter Two aims to introduce the arsenic uptake in some of the common and popular fruits and vegetables that have been a pathway of risk to human health. In Chapter Three a three-module continuous plant design, capable of deliver up to 1 m3/day of arsenic-free drinking water, is described. Chapter Four studies the toxicogenesis of arsenic in wheat and paddy plants with subsequent internal metabolism and remediation strategies.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-461-3
ISBN: 978-1-53612-466-8

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Cerium: Chemical Properties, Applications and Environmental Impact

Editor: Nader Shehata, Ph.D. (Department of Engineering Mathematics and Physics, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Egypt)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
Cerium is one of the most important lanthanide elements based on its characteristics and wide range of related applications. Cerium is the second element in the lanthanide series, and mostly can be found in either +3 or +4 ionization states. It can be considered one of the rare earth elements with relatively low toxicity and a lot of biological applications depending on its redox (reduction-oxidation) process between the +3/+4 ionization states and oxygen storage capability. This book focuses on the cerium compounds such as oxides and silicides, with detailed studies about its structures, characterizations and related applications. Chapter One mainly presents some optical characteristics of stoichiometric ceria nanoparticles – whether undoped or doped – with some other lanthanide elements. Then, some applications of ceria nanoparticles, such as optical nanosensors and solar cell coaters, are discussed based on optical characteristics of CeO2-x. Chapter Two studies the catalytic activity of cerium dioxide (CeO2) included within nanophase (nanocomposite) metal-oxide systems such as Al2O3/cordierite carriers and prototypes of anode materials for SOFCs (based on stabilized zirconia), within different processes of environmental catalysis. CeO2 increases stability of the Ni-Al2O3 catalysts by suppressing surface carbonization and enhancing resistance to poisoning by sulfur compounds. Cerium dioxide as a modifying additive within the ZnO–CuO–CeO2/Al2O3/cordierite catalysts is shown to stabilize their operation in the decomposition of methanol by suppressing surface carbonization, thereby facilitating hydrogen formation as the target product. In Chapter Three, another cerium-dependent compound –cerium silicide (CeSix) – and its nanowires were investigated over a broad range of different cerium monolayers on Si(110)-16×2 surfaces via scanning, tunneling, microscopy and spectroscopy. The growth progress of the CeSix nanowires undergoes a coverage-dependent metal-insulator-metal electronic transition, which has never been found in other rare-earth silicide nanowires. suppressing surface carbonization, thereby facilitating hydrogen formation as the target product. Moreover, the insulating CeSix nanowires have been structurally and electronically studied, without lattice distortions with large Coulomb repulsion energy between the filled and empty surface bands. Thus, the insulating phase of atomically precise CeSix nanowires is an electronically driven phase because of its temperature and structure independence. Chapter Four is mainly concerned with some biological applications of ceria nanostructures through the treatment of diseases characterized by increased oxidative stress levels. This chapter offers a study of consumption and occupational exposures, and consequently its toxicology properties are discussed due to the recent applications of nanoceria as a high priority material for toxicological evaluations.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-433-0
ISBN: 978-1-53612-434-7

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Biochar: Chemical Composition, Soil Applications and Ecological Impacts

Editor: Charles A. Simmons

Series: Geology and Mineralogy Research Developments

Publication Date: 2017 - 3rd Quarter

Book Description:
Biochar is the solid product obtained from thermal chemical conversion of biomass under inert or anoxic atmosphere. The application of biochar into soil can produce many beneficial effects on soil, e.g., the abundant pore structures in biochar can increase the porosity and water retention capacity of the soil, the rich functional groups on biochar surface can increase the cation exchange capacity of the soil, the stable polycyclic aromatic compounds in biochar structures can enhance the carbon sequestration of soil, potassium, calcium, magnesium contained in biochar can improve the soil for the growth of plants. Chapter One details the physical-chemical properties of the biochars obtained from the pyrolysis of sawdust at different temperatures, and it covers: (a) the micro-physical structure including pore size, pore structure, and specific surface, (b) the functional groups including oxygen containing functional groups and aromatic ring structure, and (c) the alkali and alkaline earth metal (AAEM) species including total AAEM species and the distribution of AAEMs. Chapter Two demonstrates that biochar is a beneficial soil amendment that can improve soil fertility and increase crop biomass yield in a greenhouse setting. Chapter Three determines the capacity of biochar to fix metals and enhance the positive effects of technosols.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-299-2
ISBN: 978-1-53612-319-7

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Corrosion Inhibitors: Principles, Mechanisms and Applications

Editor: Esther Hart

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
This book discusses principles, mechanisms and applications of corrosion inhibitors. Chapter One focuses on organic corrosion inhibitors and their industrial applications. Chapter Two explores the application of polymer composites and nanocomposites as corrosion inhibitors for different metal substrates in different corrosive media. Chapter Three provides a review of corrosion inhibitors and a progress towards use of environmentally friendly corrosion inhibitors in the amine-based CO2 absorption process for acid gas treatment and carbon capture. Chapter Four studies the effectiveness of copaiba oil loaded on microemulsion systems as green corrosion inhibitors. Chapter Five addresses the mechanism of corrosion for APMMCs, and discusses different methods of inhibition to corrosion for APMMCs. Chapter Six focuses on the eletrochemical study of 1,3,4-triazolium-2-thiol as a corrosion inhibitor of mild steel in saline medium.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-63485-791-8
ISBN: 978-1-63485-804-5

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Supramolecular Systems: Chemistry, Types and Applications

Editor: Charlotte Pena

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Supramolecular chemistry provides ingenious strategies for the elaboration of functional systems from readily available molecular components. These methodologies have been used for the development of sensors, catalysts, energy or electron transfer systems, agents for photodynamic therapy and so forth. This book reviews the chemistry, types and applications of supramolecular systems. Chapter One discusses the design and applications of supramolecular systems based on (thia)calixarene ammonium derivatives. Chapter Two gives an overview of the methods of stabilization of the elusive bare {V6O19} structure by different capping moieties and substituents, illustrates the main synthetic strategies toward the formation of fully-oxidized {VV6}, mixed-valence {VV/IV6}, and “fully-reduced” {VIV6} trisalkoxohexavanadates, describes bis-(trisalkoxo)hexavanadates obtained by post-functionalization reactions, and details their reactivity toward transition metals and lanthanoid complexes. Chapter Three emphasizes the suitability of supramolecular interactions to provide porous materials which have been called Supramolecular Metal-Organic Frameworks (SMOFs). Chapter Four discusses self-assembly of porphyrins in the context of its relevance to photosynthesis.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-63485-885-4
ISBN: 978-1-63485-907-3

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Lipid Peroxidation: Inhibition, Effects and Mechanisms

Editor: Angel Catalá (Instituto de Investigaciones Fisicoquímicas Teóricas y Aplicadas, (INIFTA-CCT La Plata-CONICET), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
This book presents an overview of lipid peroxidation: inhibition, effects and mechanisms. The topics analyzed, cover a broad spectrum of functions played by lipid peroxidation and presents new information in this area of research. The topics analyzed include: progress in the knowledge of lipid peroxidation, from the first evidences issued by Nicolas Theodore de Saussure in Paris 1804; fighting against lipid peroxidation: the unique story of docosahexaenoic acid in the brain; protective effects of melatonin and structurally-related molecules in reducing membrane rigidity due to lipid peroxidation; synergistic effects of antioxidant compositions during inhibited lipid autoxidation; lipid peroxidation and animal longevity; free radicals in health and disease; lipid peroxidation in autoimmune diseases; aldehydes derived from lipid peroxidation in cancer and autoimmunity; the role of reactive oxygen species and lipid peroxidation in the neurodegenerative process after spinal cord injury; kinetics and mechanisms of inhibited lipid autoxidation in presence of 4-substituted-coumarins; hypoxia and oxidative stress: cell signaling mechanisms and protective role of vitamin C and cilnidipine; characterization of oxidative stress and antioxidant potency; paying attention to time and location; lipid peroxidation in aquatic organisms: ontogenetic, phylogenetic and ecological aspects; chemistry of lipid oxidation in edible oils; and menopause progression and oxidative stress: associated mechanisms and the importance of physical exercise.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53610-506-3
ISBN: 978-1-53610-530-8

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Chemometrics: Methods, Applications and New Research

Editor: Aderval S. Luna (Department of Analytical Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rua São Francisco Xavier, Maracanã - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)

Series: Analytical Chemistry and Microchemistry

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
This book offers an accessible introduction to application-oriented multivariate methods of data analysis and procedures that are highly beneficial to solving a variety of problems by using analytical chemistry and statistics. It presents a diverse selection of topics that include experimental designs applied for the optimization of liquid chromatographic and capillary electrophoresis, variable selection in chemical data, calibration of the first order: data, algorithms, and analytical applications, characterization of polyphenols from natural products using separation techniques coupled with chemometrics, detection of malignant tumors using FT-IR spectroscopy combined with chemometrics, guidelines in synthesis of new anticancer compounds, direct analysis of solid samples by spectroscopy and chromatographic techniques, application of data fusion in different levels with examples, and analysis of pharmaceutical and food products by various analytical techniques. This book helps thereader embrace the growing role of chemometrics in some of the latest research trends, such as characterization of polyphenolic compounds in natural, pharmaceutical, and food products in analytical problems, such as classification and quantification using the multivariate calibration of the second order. This book also identifies several areas for future development and applications. The chapters are written by leading experts.
Chemometrics: Methods, Applications, and New Research offers a reliable source of useful information in a style that is accessible to all levels of students, professionals, and researchers involved in analyzing scientific data.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53610-518-6
ISBN: 978-1-53610-527-8

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Beta-Glucans: Applications, Effects and Research

Editor: Martha Coleman

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Polysaccharides (ƒÀ-D-glucans) are a group of compounds belonging to the class of agents known as biological response modifiers, and have a potential therapeutic role in atherosclerosis, inflammatory diseases, and cancer. ƒÀ-(1¨3)-Glucans can be cellular structural polysaccharides or polysaccharides secreted on the surfaces of mushrooms or fungi. There are many types of ƒÀ-glucans from different sources; some of them have been studied more precisely as potential therapeutic compounds for medical applications. The authors of this book review and discuss new research on the applications and effects of beta-glucans.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53610-628-2
ISBN: 978-1-53610-655-8

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Azobenzene: Aspects, Applications and Research

Editor: Linda E. Watson

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Azobenzene (AZB is characterized by two phenyl rings connected by an azo linkage (–N=N–), that can exist in either the cis or trans conformations. This book provides new research on this chemical compound. Chapter One presents an overview regarding research progress and its reflections in applications of azobenzene-containing derivatives. Chapter Two reviews recent advances in hybrid azobenzene-silica materials. Chapter Three demonstrates the general concepts and potential applications of azobenzene-based liquid crystallines by understanding the relationships of molecular design-structural symmetry-morphological aspect-optical property. Chapter Four focuses on the synthesis, photo- and thermal isomerizations of azobenzenes incorporated in macrocyclic coordination compounds, and discusses the effect of macrocyclic structures on the isomerization of azobenzenes. Chapter Five studies wavelength dependence of polarized UV light induced supramolecular orientation of azobenzene-containing organic/inorganic hybrid materials of chiral Schiff base Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53610-673-2
ISBN: 978-1-53610-684-8

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Diterpenoids: Types, Functions and Research

Editor: Brandon Jones

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Diterpenoids are chemical compounds containing 20 carbon atoms and belong to the terpenoid class. They derive from geranylgeraniol, a C20 precursor, have a C20H32 basic structure, and are composed of four isoprene units. These features make diterpenoids different from simple terpenes, which possess only 10 carbon atoms. A diterpenoid molecule may also include alcohol, phenol, aldehyde, cheton, or acidic functional groups. These compounds are highly lipophilic, odorless, and may possess strong flavours. They are found mainly in fungi and in resins of higher-order plants, as typical products of plant metabolism. This book examines the types, functions and provides new research on diterpenoids.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53610-671-8
ISBN: 978-1-53610-685-5

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Rhenium: Properties, Uses and Occurrence

Editor: Eric James

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Rhenium (Re), a very scarce element in nature was the last naturally available element to be discovered in 1925. Re is one of the rarest metals, found in the Earth's crust. The authors of this book provide a review of the discovery of rhenium and it's consequences. They also present an overview of the most significant applications of oxo-rhenium complexes as catalysts in organic chemistry, and the valorisation of mineral resources in Portugal.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53610-629-9
ISBN: 978-1-53610-662-6

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Biosurfactants: Occurrences, Applications and Research

Editor: Charles R. Upton

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Surfactants (surface-active-agents) are amphiphilic organic compounds that lower the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two different phases. Surfactants and emulsifiers, including personal hygiene, cosmetic products, toothpaste, and many other pharmaceutical by-products, resemble part of our daily routine basic activities. The market for surfactants and emulsifying products is therefore huge and demands are ever increasing. This book provides new research on the occurrences, applications and provides new research on biosurfactants.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53610-706-7
ISBN: 978-1-53610-721-0

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Advances in Chemistry Research. Volume 35

Editor: James C. Taylor

Series: Advances in Chemistry Research

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
The authors' of this latest volume discuss recent advances in chemistry research. Chapter One provides recent advances and developments in gliadin-based drug delivery systems. Chapter Two discusses advances achieved in the development of catalytic processes for the production of ß-citronellol derivatives as alkyl esters, aldehydes, carbamates, and carbonates. Chapter Three focuses on the developments and applications of a new type of polymer-supported organosilica layered-hybrid membranes. Chapter Four investigates the long-range order in natural oils and fats. Chapter Five reviews the possible link between the main classes’ content of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes and finds a direct link between them and their antioxidant activity. Chapter Six reports on the chemical compositions and biological activities of essential oils hydrodistilled from three plants from Nigeria. Chapter Seven reviews fluorescence and phosphorescence spectra of xanthone in the vapor phase. Chapter Eight examiners mass transfer characteristics of an external loop airlift reactor. Chapter Nine studies applications of isolation and structure elucidation of secondary metabolites in a natural product chemistry laboratory.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53610-734-0
ISBN: 978-1-53610-735-7

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Advances in Chemistry Research. Volume 36

Editor: James C. Taylor

Series: Advances in Chemistry Research

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
The authors' of this latest volume discuss recent advances in chemistry research. Chapter One discusses the structural characteristics and composition of proanthocyanidins in grapes and wines, including the main factors that could determine PAs concentration. Chapter Two reviews the analytical methodologies devoted to the extraction, characterization and determination of proanthocyanidins in plants and plant-derived food products. Chapter Three describes a novel procedure for the extraction and isolation of proteoglycans from connective tissue. Chapter Four focuses on the analytical potential of porphyrins and metalloporphyrins with a particular emphasis on electroanalysis. Chapter Five analyzes S2 fluorescence of metalloporphyrins and its applications for photochemical tools. Chapter Six introduces spin-crossover phenomena of assembled coordination polymers. Chapter Seven discusses the design, controllable synthesis and properties of hybrid carbon membranes for gas separation.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53610-764-7
ISBN: 978-1-53610-781-4

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Polycrystalline Films: Characteristics, Applications and Research

Editor: Alfred L. Davis

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
This book provides new research on polycrystalline films. Chapter One reviews the characterization of polycrystalline Cu2ZnSn(SxSe1-x)4 thin-films and solar-cells. Chapter Two explains the chemical vapor deposition process accelerated by the fragments of monomethylsilane. Chapter Three studies the regularities of formation of the nanostructured films of polycrystalline silicon doped with germanium as isovalent impurity.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53610-796-8
ISBN: 978-1-53610-818-7

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Caffeic Acid: Sources, Potential Uses and Health Benefits

Editor: Henry R. Collins

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Caffeic acid is a phenolic acid naturally occurring in many plant foods such as carrots, cabbage, tomatoes, and several berries. It is also present in multiple beverages such as coffee, fruit juices and wine. Moreover, caffeic acid is one of the major active components in many traditional Chinese medicines. As a natural product, it possesses several biological and physiological activities. These activities include antioxidant, anti-mutagenic, anti-tumor and anti-obesity effects. For these reasons, caffeic acid is also being developed into drug for sale, for instance, for its use in the development of asthmatic and allergenic drugs. Although caffeic acid, together with other polyphenols, are not essential nutrients, they are secondary metabolites synthesized by plants with bioactive properties, also known as phytochemicals, which may have an important effect on human health. This book reviews sources, potential uses and health benefits of caffeic acid.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53610-862-0
ISBN: 978-1-53610-870-5

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD): Types, Uses and Selected Research

Editor: Monica Powell

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
This book provides new research on types and uses of chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Chapter One focuses on the synthesis and characteristics of carbon nanofibers based on phenolic resin and transition metal catalysts by CVD. Chapter Two provides an overview of different reactor types that have been proved to be viable options for graphene growth. Chapter Three outlines the significance of atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition technology in large area graphene electrodes and demonstrates their use in lithium ion batteries towards the advancement of their performance. Chapter Four analyzes low-energy plasma CVD for epitaxy and in-situ doping of group-IV semiconductors in nanoelectronics.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53610-893-4
ISBN: 978-1-53610-908-5

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Organic Solvents: Properties, Applications and Health Effects

Editor: Eleanor Mullins

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Green Chemistry is a philosophy that has been implemented in different areas of science. Organic solvents allow recovery of bioactive compounds without contaminating the environment, since they are non-petroleum solvents and cheap. This book focuses on the properties, applications and health effects of organic solvents. Chapter One examines the chemistry and food applications of green solvents. Chapter Two analyzes the use of green solvent in the extraction of bioactive compounds. Chapter Three gives a thermochemical description of the stabilizing/destabilizing effect of organic solvent molecules on the stability of model enzyme (bovine pancreatic α-chymotrypsin) to elucidate what intermolecular processes produce the main effect on the stability and functioning of the enzymes at high and low water content in organic liquids. Chapter Four reviews a novel experimental method was proposed to study the stability of enzymes in water-organic mixtures. Chapter Five discusses the metrology of exposure to organic solvents in the shoe industry of Sfax, Tunisia.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53610-923-8
ISBN: 978-1-53610-935-1

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Stilbene: Derivatives, Applications and Research

Editor: Sharon Henderson

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Stilbenes and their derivatives constitute important classes of both natural products and synthetic small molecules and have attracted intense interest for their intricate structures and diverse biological activities. This book provides new research on the derivatives and applications of stilbene.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53610-974-0
ISBN: 978-1-53610-998-6

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Advances in Chemistry Research. Volume 37

Editor: James C. Taylor

Series: Advances in Chemistry Research

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
The authors' of this latest volume discuss recent advances in chemistry research. Chapter One summarizes the latest achievements on the electrochemical determination of synthetic antioxidants. Chapter Two provides an overview on the activity of essential oils with defined chemical composition, tested against cholinesterases and identifies the ones that could be potentially used in Alzheimer's treatment. Chapter Three describes a simple, cost-effective and ecofriendly approach for the fabrication of different metal nanoparticles (MNPs) including silver, gold, iron, zinc and palladium by using different plant phytochemicals as potential reducers and stabilizers. Chapter Four studies ionic liquid-promoted synthesis of phosphinates and biphosphonic acid derivatives. Chapter Five focuses on low molecular mass reactive acrylamide copolymers as carriers of biologically active compounds. Chapter Six discusses the phenomenon of mass concentration periodicity in amorphous matter. Chapter Seven studies the use of furan derivatives acting as electrophilic dienophiles. Chapter Eight examines the use of surfactants in the chemical treatment of crude case oriental zone in Venezuela for asphaltene mitigation.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53611-041-8
ISBN: 978-1-53611-054-8

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Boron Nitride: Properties, Synthesis and Applications

Editor: Eugene Moran

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
A hexagonal boron nitride nanosheet (BNNS) is an atomic-thick 2D material that exhibits many interesting properties such as high chemical stability and excellent mechanical and thermal properties. In Chapter One, the authors introduce two methods for the exfoliation of BNNS from hexagonal boron nitride (hBN). Then, methodologies for the surface functionalization and nanocomposite construction are demonstrated by two BNNS based nanocomposites. The catalytic performance of the BNNS based nanocomposites is also evaluated and discussed in detail. Chapter two evaluates the formation of rolled hexagonal boron nitride nano-sheets (h-BN nanoscrolls) on their unique morphology, magnetic properties and applications. Due to the high chemical and thermal stabilities, as well as atomically smooth surfaces with free of dangling bonds, hBN has been used as barriers, passivation and support layers in 2D electronic devices, to maximize the electrical and optical characterization of 2D materials. However, there still remains a challenge in obtaining large-area and high-quality hBN film for real 2D electronic devices. Chapter Three focuses on chemical vapor deposition (CVD), a promising method to overcome these limitations. Chapter Four discusses how a boron doped armchair graphene ribbon has been shown by cyclic voltammetry to be a potential catalyst to replace platinum, however the reaction catalyzed was not identified. The authors use density functional calculations to show the reaction catalyzed is likely dissociation of HO2. Chapter Five reveals a novel and industrially feasible route to incorporate boron nitride nanoparticles (BNNPs) in radiation-shielding aerospace structural materials. Chapter Six deals with the preparation and characterization of boron nitride nanotube (BNNT)-reinforced biopolyester matrices. The morphology, hydrophilicity, biodegradability, cytotoxicity, thermal, mechanical, tribological and antibacterial properties of the resulting nanocomposites are discussed in detail. Chapter Seven presents theoretical estimations regarding the compressive buckling response of single walled boron nitride nanotubes (SWBNNTs), which have a similar crystal structure as single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). Moreover, SWBNNTs have excellent mechanical, insulating and dielectric properties. Finally, Chapter Eight shows how the different exchange mechanisms can be distinguished and measured by studying solid films where part of the 3He is replaced by immobile Ne atoms. The authors also show how the formation energy of vacancies and vacancy tunneling frequency can be obtained from NMR studies at high temperature.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53611-908-4
ISBN: 978-1-53611-928-2

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Gas Chromatography: Analysis, Methods and Practices

Editor: Valerie Warren

Series: Biochemistry Research Trends

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Many members of plant and fungi kingdoms have toxic alkaloids that are highly poisonous. Chapter One explores how gas chromatography is used to analyze some classes of these alkaloids. In Chapter Two, the effect of surfactants on gas-liquid interfaces by using reverse-flow gas chromatography (RF-GC). Chapter Three describes the application of Solid-Phase Microextraction (SPME) for identifying volatile organic compounds (VOCs), additives and degradation products in industrial plastics, rubber, and packaging materials. And in Chapter Four, the authors discuss sampling procedures for the analysis of volatile and gaseous substances used in daily life and in forensic medicine.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53611-990-9
ISBN: 978-1-53612-013-4

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Polyethylene Terephthalate: Uses, Properties and Degradation

Editor: Naomi A. Barber

Series: Polymer Science and Technology

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is an aliphatic-aromatic and semicrystalline thermoplastic polyester of prime commercial and industrial importance. Namely, PET is a very important industrial polymer due to its excellent properties such as processability, chemical resistance, high tensile impact strength, high thermal stability and clarity. Chapter One summarizes the synthesis and physicochemical properties of PET. In Chapter Two, the authors review the frequency-dependent parameters of the PET substrate, developments of the flexible RF electronics on PET substrate, and the challenges and potentials of RF applications using flexible electronics fabricated on PET films. Chapter Three presents a background of the current state of knowledge with respect to PET recycling.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53611-991-6
ISBN: 978-1-53612-014-1

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Phenolic Compounds: Types, Effects and Research

Editor: Teresa Garde-Cerdán, Ana Gonzalo-Diago and Eva P. Pérez-Álvarez (Institute of Vine and Wine Sciences (CSIC-CAR-UR), Logroño, Spain)

Series: Analytical Chemistry and Microchemistry
Food Science and Technology

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Phenolic compounds are a large family of metabolites that result from the secondary metabolism of plants. Novel insights about phenolic chemical structure, analytical methods, therapeutic effects, sensory properties, viticultural practices to modify their content and the use of these compounds found in agro-industrial wastes have been gathered in this book. A comprehensive overview on phenolic compounds and neurodegenerative disorders, highlighting their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory properties and their effects on Parkinson’s disease have been compiled. In relation to antioxidant properties, the metabolism and bioavailability of several hydroxycinnamic acids present in coffee have been studied in detail, and also the methods to determine antioxidant capacity have been included. Different strategies in order to improve the extraction and determination of phenolic compounds in a complex matrix by analytical techniques are provided, reporting problems and new analytical solutions. The role of these compounds in color stabilization and also in bitterness and astringency perception has been reported. Moreover, the interactions that take place among no volatile and volatile compounds present in wine affecting sensory perception have been briefly introduced. Furthermore, the use of cover crops in vineyards and their effects on agronomical and enological behavior – particularly, their impact on phenolic compounds – have been highlighted. Finally, the biological properties of phenolic compounds from industrial wastes have been tackled, since they are a promising alternative to transform agro-industrial wastes into a source of natural and healthy compounds.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-033-2
ISBN: 978-1-53612-054-7

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Soy Protein: Properties, Health Effects and Research Advances

Editor: Rakesh Kumar (Biotechnology Program, Central University of South Bihar, Bihar, India)

Series: Food Science and Technology

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Soy protein is abundantly present in soybeans, which have in the past been termed as “wonder beans”. Soy flour, soy protein concentrate and soy protein isolate can be extracted from soybeans after removing the oil components. After the removal of oil components, one can use protein components as milk, paneer, cheese and sauce. The best feature of soybean is that it possesses medicinal properties, and hence can be consumed as a main course for nutrients and sustenance. Consumption of soy-based products is also helpful in reducing the chances of several hormone dependent diseases such as cancer, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease and menopausal symptoms. Additionally, soybean can be used to prepare bioplastics and biofibres. The book contains ten chapters and is written so as to give the readers the multiple benefits of soy protein as food. This book also discusses the properties of edible soy protein films, with special emphasis on their mechanical properties; these mechanical properties can be determined experimentally. Theoretically, the mechanical properties of soy protein film can be determined by a statistical tool known as the Response Surface Methodology (RSM). The basic concept of RSM is discussed in one of the chapter of this book. The reader will benefit greatly by reading this book.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-072-1
ISBN: 978-1-53612-091-2

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Advances in Chemistry Research. Volume 38

Editor: James C. Taylor

Series: Advances in Chemistry Research

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Chapter One is focused onto particular groups of hazardous materials (pesticides and dyes) and systematization of degradation methods according to specified pollutant. The authors investigated the materials with the best performance taking into account catalytic activity, stability and ease of preparation toward the electrochemical behavior of the dyes and pesticides as well as their degradation choosing the proper electrochemical method and conditions. Chapter Two covers a bio-supported, inexpensive and easily available cellulose sulfuric acid that has been used as a catalyst to promote sequential two-step one-pot reactions to synthesize more than twenty derivatives of nitrocoumarins (n-nitro-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one). Chapter Three summarizes the recent developments in synthetic methodologies for the construction of 1,4-benzothiazine derivatives. Mechanistic investigations, reactivities, applications, product manipulations and biological potential are also been discussed. In Chapter Four, the authors present the different approaches for studying cellular adhesion and subsequent migration using a toolbox of linear and star-shaped PEG-based materials. Chapter Five compiles and presents the summaries of visible light mediated synthesis and functionalization of pyrrole and its derivatives. Several review articles and book chapters present the conventional procedures for synthesis of pyrrole and its derivatives, but the visible light mediated synthesis of these components have not yet been archived. Clathrate hydrates (CHs) are inclusion compounds in which tetrahedrally-bonded H2O molecules form a generally disordered but solid-state host-lattice composed of a periodic array of cages. Chapter Six addresses the catalytic formation kinetics of CHs with H-bonding non-classical guests as studied by infrared spectroscopy. Chapter Seven summarizes data as well as ab-initio- band-structure calculations in order to provide guidelines for further development in the field of Clathrate type I crystals. To conclude the book, Chapter Eight covers the current research status on the potential toxicological effects of Aloe vera.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-130-8
ISBN: 978-1-53612-150-6

Price: $250.00
Price: $250.00


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Food Safety and Consumption: Assessment, Practices and Current Issues

Editor: Kurt D. Morton

Series: Food Science and Technology

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Molecular detection is arguably one of the fastest growing areas in current laboratory-based food pathogen screening and identification. Chapter One discusses how growth of the so called ‘omics’ technologies has, over the last decade, led to a gradual migration away from the ‘one test, one pathogen’ paradigm, toward multiplex approaches to foodborne pathogen detection and identification, which have led to significant improvements in food safety. Chapter Two covers the antimicrobial potential of metals against foodborne pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, and molds as well as the mechanism(s) behind their antimicrobial effect. Chapter Three links various challenges in food processing companies – from legislative to company specific – to the poor adoption of acknowledged quality assurance standards and guidelines, improvement and assessment of FSMS in developing countries. In Chapter Four, the authors demonstrate that there exist conspicuous cohort effects in favor of the older generations, born before the high economic growth started in 1960, in at-home consumption of fresh fish in Japan and that even the older segments of the population, such as those who will be above their 50s in 2025, are predicted to eat substantially less fish than in the past.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-122-3
ISBN: 978-1-53612-149-0

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy: Methods, Analysis and Research

Editor: Jennie Brock

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
In Chapter One, the authors review the recent developments in the field of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, discuss some of the challenges and compare EIS with the other relevant techniques. The effect of storage time without use (STWU) in the supporting electrolyte solution on the conducting properties of poly(o-aminophenol) (POAP) film electrodes was studied in Chapter Two. In Chapter Three, the authors study the effect of the cerium content on the corrosion behavior of Al85CexNi15-x (x = 4, 5, 6, 7 and 10) amorphous alloys obtained by melt spinning.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-211-4
ISBN: 978-1-53612-230-5

Price: $82.00
Price: $82.00


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Meat and Meat Processing

Editor: Derrick B. McCarthy

Series: Food Science and Technology

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Meat products occupy quite an exceptional position in the preferences of the consumers and the interest of food industry, since they provide human organism with high quality proteins, vitamins and minerals. At the same time, a constant challenge is faced by the health sector around the world to uncover the causes associated with the etiology of several diseases. Much attention has therefore been paid to develop meat products with physiological functions that promote human health, which is discussed in Chapter One. In Chapter Two, the authors describe how understanding and monitoring the oxidation processes is essential for the development of technological strategies to improve the meat industry. Chapter Three presents the latest achievements in the production of dry-cured meat products as well as updated scientific and technological information on the safety, quality and nutritional properties of this group of meat products. Chapter Four presents an overview of the main sample preparation methods and analytical techniques applied for trace-element determination in meat samples. Chapter Five describes what is known about the effects of the use of electrical stimulation of carcasses of meat animals, including the effects on meat tenderness and meat sensorial characteristics. Chapter Six covers the quality of donkey carcass and donkey meat quality parameters, showing its chemical and sensorial characteristics (when possible in different muscles) and evaluating the effects of the age of slaughtering. Finally, in Chapter Seven, the authors present both the benefits and risks of nitrites and nitrates, as well as the possibilities of using acid whey as an alternative to nitrites/nitrates in meat products.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-210-7
ISBN: 978-1-53612-231-2

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Advances in Applied Spectroscopy: Concepts and Techniques

Editors: Yashashchandra Dwivedi and Shyam Bahadur Rai (National Institute of Technology Kurukshetra Physics Department, National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, India)

Series: Analytical Chemistry and Microchemistry

Publication Date: 2017 – 3rd Quarter

Book Description:
Spectroscopy in its broadest sense deals with the interaction of light with matter. Spectroscopic techniques contribute a lot to various diverse research areas including material processing and characterization, communication, forensic science, defense, etc. The rapid expansion of research activity in the field of material science evokes the need for different analytical and diagnostic techniques. Spectroscopy is such an analytical and diagnostic tool, extremely used to characterize materials. It is now commonly used by astrophysicist, mineralogists, nano-physicists or even scientists working in medical research. This book has therefore been prepared to provide easy access to basic information on different spectroscopy techniques and related instrumentation. This book is intended as a guide to the novice reading technical books or facing the complexities while dealing with the concept of spectroscopic techniques and their instrumentation. The authors of chapters presented in this book are all experts in their fields and were instructed to give substantial information to enable novices to learn and understand the advanced spectroscopic techniques. The present book primarily provides details about the time resolved spectroscopy; laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS); Raman spectroscopy; nonlinear spectroscopy; microwave spectroscopy; up conversion spectroscopy, etc.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-439-2
ISBN: 978-1-53612-440-8

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Ion Exchange: Theory and Applications

Editors: Norman Spencer and Jorge Thornton

Series: Analytical Chemistry and Microchemistry

Publication Date: 2017 – 3rd Quarter

Book Description:
Ion exchange materials are extremely effective absorbents generally containing some functional groups with insoluble structures, which have high affinity capacities towards the targets among a series of structurally similar ions or ion groups. In recent decades, the various methods used to preparing the absorbents for contaminant removal and resource recycle from environment have been extensively studied under the backgrounds of environment pollution and resource shortages. Molecular imprinting technology (MIT) was developed rapidly as a research hot topic to prepare ion exchange materials with shape memory effects. In consideration of the advantages of molecular imprinted polymers (MIPs), including high adsorption capacities, high selectivity, easy recycle etc., their applications in the separation and concentration of target molecules or ions have been widely explored. This book briefly narrates the fundamentals and preparations of MIPs, and particularly focus on the research advances relevant to human-living environment including water, atmosphere and soil. An overview of the most important applications of the ion exchange method in the treatment of industrial wastewaters which contain heavy metal ions, and the main environmental benefits of this method are highlighted. The most important ion exchangers used in environment remediation processes, including their classification and environmental utilizations, are presented as well. The influence of operating conditions on the ion exchange process is discussed, both from efficiency and mechanism perspectives. Also, the opportunities and challenges, which make that the ion exchange method to be still an important research issue at international level, are reviewed. Other chapters familiarize the reader with innovative practices to develop sustainable water treatment methods; review the use of adsorption materials, including raw biomasses, and ion exchange resins for the treatment of olive mill wastewater; various examples of selective removal of heavy metal ions discharged in an effluent from electroplating plants, metal finishing operations, as well as mining and electronics industries through ion exchange are presented and finally; the principal mechanisms and specific features of the copper ion exchange in alkali silicate glasses is explored.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-351-7
ISBN: 978-1-53612-352-4

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Activated Carbon: Synthesis, Properties and Uses

Editors: Mason Hsu and Erich Davies

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017 -3rd Quarter

Book Description:
Activated carbons have been found a large variety of applications in several fields, such as chromatography, medicine, gas storage and environmental protection, among others. Most of these applications requires tailored physical-chemistry properties, regarding purity, particles shape, mechanical resistance, homogeneity, surface composition, specific surface area and porosity. Because of their especial properties, activated carbons have attracted increasing attention for several years. As supports and catalysts, they have been used in several reactions both in gas and liquid phases, such as hydrogenation/dehydrogenation, oxidation/reduction, decomposition of hydrocarbons, halogenation and methanation, among others. This book reviews the applications, preparation, properties synthesis, and uses of activated carbon.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-348-7
ISBN: 978-1-53612-349-4

Price: $195.00
Price: $195.00


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Phenolic Compounds: Structure, Uses and Health Benefits

Editors: Paavo Oliver and Andrus Villem

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
Phenolic Compounds: Structure, Uses and Health Benefits opens with a discussion on phenolic substances such as gallic acid, catechin, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, and quercetin. The most common analytical methods (based on spectrophotometric, chromatographic or electrochemical techniques) for determining phenolic compounds applied to a wide range of sample sources are presented. Additionally, the authors study the high concentrations of bioactive substances in fruit berries in order to determine the link between daily fruit intake and human health. A review of the modern literature on extraction, filtration, and adsorption that may be combined with advanced oxidation treatments to minimalize the environmental impact of the remaining wastes is presented, especially focusing on phenolic compounds recovery from olive mill liquidwastes. Lastly, the authors provide an overview on the antiradical and antioxidizing properties of calix[n]arenes and calix[n]resorcinols as part of a larger discussion on the impact of “preorganization” of antioxidant fragments attached to calix[n]arene and calix[n]resorcinol scaffolds and their intramolecular synergy on antioxidant activity.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-881-9
ISBN: 978-1-53612-882-6

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Lactoferrin: Structure, Biological Functions, Health Benefits and Clinical Applications

Editors: Tzi Bun Ng, Jack Wong, Ryan Tse, Tak Fu Tse, and Helen Chan (Prof. of Biochemistry, School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, China)

Series: Biochemistry Research Trends

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th quarter

Book Description:
Lactoferrin is a multifunctional whey glycoprotein with a molecular mass of about 80 kDa. It is produced by various mammals and is found in milk, nasal secretions, saliva and tears, and it is in great abundance in human colostrum. It has intrigued scientists for decades. Lactoferricin and lactoferrampin are bioactive peptides derived from lactoferrin. Topics discussed in this book encompass: the primary structure and glycosylation pattern of milk lactoferrin, the inhibitory effect of lactoferrin on the hepatitis C virus, the anti-candidal activities of lactoferrin in systemic candidiasis, antimicrobial (antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral) and anticancer activities of lactoferricin, activities of lactoferrampin and the mechanisms involved, the properties and activities of lactoferrampin and lactoferricin-lactoferrampin chimera, dependence of the multiple effects of lactoferrinon receptors in different cell types, and clinical applications of lactoferrin.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-703-4
ISBN: 978-1-53612-704-1

Price: $160.00
Price: $160.00


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Carotenoids: Biosynthesis, Properties and Physiological Effects

Editors: Hanne Leif and Felix Ulrik

Series: Biochemistry Research Trends

Publication Date: 2017 - 4th Quarter

Book Description:
In the first chapter, Saraid Mora Rochín, PhD, Jorge Milán Carrillo, PhD, and Cuauhtémoc Reyes Moreno, PhD review the function of food carotenoids in oxidative stress-induced human disease prevention. In the second chapter, Andrêssa S. Fernandes, Pricila N. Pinheiro, Mariany C. Deprá, Eduardo Jacob-Lopes, and Leila Q. Zepka discuss the biosynthesis of carotenoids and bioactive caortenoids from microalgae, as well as their applications. Alexis Marsol-Vall, Albert Tomàs, Mercè Balcells, Francisca Vilaró, and Ramon Canela-Garayoa present a study where cuticles of four apple varieties were studied for their carotenoid content in the third chapter. In the fourth chapter, Joanna Igielska-Kalwat reviews the cosmetic applications of carotenoids, including their antiaging properties.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-685-3
ISBN: 978-1-53612-686-0

Price: $95.00
Price: $95.00


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Biohydrogen: Production, Applications and Technology

Editors: Gerhard Linus and Ib Tobias

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017 - 3rd Quarter

Book Description:
In this book, the potential biofuel biohydrogen is studied in terms of its generation, applications, and technology. In the first chapter, Caroline V. Rodrigues, Kamili O. Santana, Lorena O. Pires, Michel Brienzo, and Sandra I. Maintinguer provide a theoretical assessment about the biological methods of hydrogen production, as well as examine their applications on research that has been done regarding waste degradation, encouraging sustainable systems for clean energy generation. In the second chapter, Fernando Grijalva-Hernández, Hugo Iván Velázquez-Sánchez, Juan Carlos Figueroa-Estrada, and Ricardo Aguilar-López present a study where a kinetic model for Hydrogen production by Desulfovibrio bacteria was substantiated using experimental data and used to conduct a local sensitivity analysis. Next, Biniam T. Maru, Magda Constantí, and Francesc Medina evaluate the way in which glycerol may be used to produce biochemical products through dark fermentation, as well as studying its use as a carbon source. Bringing the book to a close, Albanez, R., Lovato, G., Zaiat, M., Ratusznei, S.M., and Rodrigues, J.A.D. parallel AnSBBR that used pure substrates for hydrogen/methane production with AnSBBR that used hydrogen production runoff to produce methane.

Binding: Softcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-483-5
ISBN: 978-1-53612-496-5

Price: $89.00
Price: $89.00


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Analytical Chemistry: Developments, Applications and Challenges in Food Analysis

Editors: Marcello Locatelli and Christian Celia (University “G. d’Annunzio” of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy,)

Series: Analytical Chemistry and Microchemistry
Food Science and Technology

Publication Date: 2017 - 3rd Quarter

Book Description:
Analytical Chemistry: Developments, Applications and Challenges in Food Analysis represents a collection of book chapters showing the validation and instrumental set up of analytical methods that are used to analyze foods and their ingredients. The different chapters include several topics discussing the validation of analytical methods, extraction procedures, and other multidisciplinary approaches for the analysis of foods, particularly supplements originated from raw plant materials. In these book chapters, we would like to collect different methods and tools to provide a multidisciplinary approach for the analysis of foods, their ingredients, natural and synthetic supplements. The book includes preliminary approaches used to validate analytical methods and a detailed description of the various matrix effects that disturb the analysis by using the hyphenated techniques, sample preparations, and a complete overview of principal phenolic constituents, until the use of instrumental configurations able to characterize foods (NMR and its applications). The use of voltammetry and atomic absorption spectroscopy for toxic metals in seafood, food supplements, the application of thermal techniques and innovative approaches in the analysis of proteins in foods and food supplements are included.

Analytical chemists and researchers working in the field of validation methods, foods and food supplements, and those who use standard and innovative instruments to analyze products and/or innovative extraction procedures are potential audience members for this book.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53612-267-1
ISBN: 978-1-53612-282-4

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Disinfectants: Properties, Applications and Effectiveness

Editors: Ana Sofia Cardoso, Cristina Maria Martins Almeida, Telma Costa Cordeiro, and Vanessa de Jesus Gaffney (Charneca de Caparica, Lisbon, Portugal)

Series: Bacteriology Research Developments

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Antiseptics and disinfectants are extensively used at home, in occupied buildings, recreational areas, industries (the water industry, food processing industry and pharmaceutical industry, among others), hospitals and other healthcare settings for a variety of topical and hard-surface applications. They play a critical role in controlling the spread of environmentally transmitted pathogens in healthcare and food-processing environments, as well as at home. A wide variety of active chemical agents are found in these products, many of which have been used for hundreds of years for antisepsis, disinfection, and preservation.
Although its main purpose is to control human exposure to microorganisms through preventive action, its use should also be carefully controlled in order to prevent healthcare problems that may consequently emerge due to their toxicity.
The problems regarding the use of disinfectants are not new, although unquestionably tangible and pertinent, due to its broad application in the referred economical activities, as well as due to the development and emerging of new compounds with this activity.
This book aims to address the various scenarios regarding the use of disinfectants. Accordingly, through its eleven chapters it is possible to become aware of the wide range of disinfectant applications, as well as the concerning advantages and limitations of its use. This book is divided into two main sections. The first section, after an overview regarding the use of disinfectants in society, addresses questions related to its toxicology and health repercussions along with microbiological mechanisms.
In the second section, a far-reaching exploration of the application of disinfectants in a set of specifically selected economic activities, alongside issues concerning their environmental impact and regulatory matters is addressed. This section also includes two case studies on novel disinfection methods.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-63485-958-5
ISBN: 978-1-63485-974-5

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00


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Click Chemistry: Approaches, Applications and Challenges

Editors: Yu Chen and Zong-Rui Tong (School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications

Publication Date: 2017

Book Description:
Click chemistry, which is also referred to as linkage chemistry, dynamic, combinatorial chemistry or quick linking combinatorial chemistry describes the reaction that joins molecular fragments as simply, efficient and versatile as clicking a mouse. The two units with specific click structures can be linked by a click reaction no matter what is attached to the structure, and only the specific click structures can be joined. It emphasizes the development of new combinatorial chemistries on the basis of the synthesis of efficient and highly selective carbon-heteroatom bonds (C-X-C), and effectively prepares molecules with high diversity via these simple reactions. It significantly simplified and promoted the development of synthesis chemistry. Click chemistry has become one of the most useful and attractive synthetic strategies in many fields.
In this book, the definition of click chemistry is explained, the characteristics and types of click chemistry are introduced, and some specific reaction types are focused on. The progress for using click chemistry for the synthesis and functionalization of hydrogels, elastomers, surface modifications, membrane preparations, assemble polyaromatic structures, biomedical fields and optical sensing in biological analyses are described in detail. The problems and challenges for using click chemistry in different fields are analyzed.

Binding: Hardcover
Binding: e-Book

ISBN: 978-1-53611-903-9
ISBN: 978-1-53611-923-7

Price: $230.00
Price: $230.00